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मुद्रा 2015-16


Fertilizer Act


No. 11-3/83-STU
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
(Department of Agriculture and Cooperation)
New Delhi, dated 25th September 1985
THE FERTILIZER (CONTROL) ORDER 1985
ORDER

I INTRODUCTION

G.S.R. 758 (E) in exercise of the powers conferred by section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (10 of 1955), the Central government hereby makes the following Order, namely:

  1. Short title and commencement
    This order may be called the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.
    It shall come into force on the date of its publication in the official Gazette.
  2. Definitions
    In this order, unless the context otherwise requires:
    (a) "Act" means the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (10 of 1955)
    (b) "Certificate of source" means a certificate given by a State Government, Commodity Board, manufacturer, importer, pool handling agency or -- as the case may be, wholesale dealer indicating therein the source from which Fertilizer for purpose of sale is obtained.
    (c) "Commodity Board" means the Coffee Board constituted under section 4 of the Coffee Act, 1942 (7 of 1942) or the Rubber Board constituted under section 4 of the Rubber Act1947 (24 of 1947) or the Tea Board constituted under section 4 of the Tea Act, 1953 (29 of 1953) or as the case may be, the Cardamom Board constituted under section 4 of the cardamom Act, 1965 (42 of 1965)
    (d) " Compound or complex Fertilizer" means a Fertilizer containing two or more nutrients during the production of which chemical reaction takes place.
    __________________________________________________
    Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88
    Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93

    (e) "Controller" Means the person appointed as controller of Fertilizers by the Central Government and includes any other person empowered by the Central Government to exercise or perform all or any of the powers, or as the case may be, functions of the Controller under this order. 
    (f) "Dealer" means a person carrying on the business of selling Fertilizers whether wholesale or retail or industrial use and includes a manufacturer, importer, and a pool handling agency carrying on such business and the agents of such person, manufacture, importer or pool handling agency.
    (g) Clause 'g' deleted vide S.O. 725 (E) dated 28.7.88
    (h) "Fertilizer" means any substance used or intended to be used as a Fertilizer of the soil and/or crop and specified in Part A of Schedule-1 and includes a mixtures of Fertilizers and special mixture of Fertilizers;
    (i) "Form" means a form appended to this Order;
    (j) "grade" means the nutrient element contents in the Fertilizer expressed in percentage;
    (k) "granulated mixture" means a mixture of Fertilizers made by intimately mixing two or more Fertilizers with or without inert material and granulating them together, without involving any chemical reaction;
    (kk) " importer" means a person who imports Fertilizer in accordance with the Export and import policy of the Central Government, as amended from time to time.
    (I) "inspector" means an inspector of Fertilizers appointed under clause 27;
    (II) "industrial dealer" means a dealer who sells Fertilizers for industrial purposes; 
    (III) "industrial purposes" means the use of Fertilizer for purposes other than fertilization of soil and increasing productivity of crops;
    (m) "manufacturer" means a person who produces Fertilizers or mixtures of Fertilizers or mixture of micronutrient fertilizers and the expression " manufacture" with its grammatical variations shall be construed accordingly.
    (n) "mixture of Fertilizer" means a mixture of fertilizers made by physical mixing two or more Fertilizers with or without inert material in physical or granular form and includes a mixture of NPK Fertilizers. a mixture of micro- nutrient Fertilizers and a mixture of NPK with micro -nutrient Fertilizers.
    __________________________________________________
    ' Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88 " Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt.21.11.91 – Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 (nn omitted) + Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93
    (o) "offer for sale" includes a reference to an intimation by a person of a proposal by him for the sale of any Fertilizer, made by publication of a price list, by exposing the Fertilizer for sale indicating the price, by furnishing of a quotation of otherwise howsoever;
    (p) "physical mixture" means a mixture of Fertilizer made by physical mixing two or more Fertilizers with or without inert material necessary to make a required grade, without involving any chemical reaction;
    (q) "prescribed standard" means:-
    (I) in relation to a Fertilizer included in column 1 of part A of Schedule -I the standard set out in the corresponding entry in column, 2, subject to the limits of permissible variation as specified in part B of that Schedule and 
    (II) in relation to a mixture of Fertilizer, the standard set out in respect of that mixture under sub-clause(1) of clause 13 by the Central Government, subject to the limits of permissible variation as specified in part B of Schedule-I.
    ***(III) in relation to mixture of Fertilizers, standard set out in respect of that mixture under sub-clause (2) of clause 13 by the State Government, subject to limits of permissible variation as specified in Part B of Schedule-I
    (r) "pool handling agency" means an agency entrusted by the Central Government with functions relating to handling and distribution of imported Fertilizer;
    (s) "registering authority" means a registering authority appointed under clause 26;
    **(t) "retail dealer" means a dealer who sells Fertilizer to farmers or plantations for agricultural use such as for fertilization of soil and increasing productivity of crops;
    (u) " Schedule " means a Schedule appended to this Order;
    (v) "special mixture of Fertilizers" means any mixture of Fertilizers prepared for experimental purposes in pursuance of a requisition made by any person (including a person engaged in the cultivation of tea, coffee or rubber) for sale to that person in such quantity and within such period as may be specified in such requisition and 
    (w) "wholesale dealer" means a dealer who sells Fertilizers otherwise than in retail" for agricultural use such as for fertilization of soil and increasing productivity of crops. 
    __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88 ** Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 *** Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93



    II. PRICE CONTROL
  3. Fixation of prices of Fertilizers.
    (1) The Central Government may, with a view to regulating equitable distribution of Fertilizers and making Fertilizers available at fair prices, by notification in the official Gazette, fix the maximum prices or rates at which any Fertilizer may be sold by a dealer, manufacturer, importer or a pool handling agency.
    (2) The Central Government may having regard to the local conditions of any area, the period of storage of Fertilizer and other relevant circumstances, fix different price or rates for Fertilizers having different periods of storage or for different areas or for different classes of consumers.
    (3) No dealer, manufacturer importer or pool handling agency shall sell or offer for sale any Fertilizer at a price exceeding the maximum price or rate fixed under this clause.
  4. Display of stock position and price list of Fertilizer.
    Every dealer, who makes or offers to make a retail sale of any Fertilizers, shall prominently display in his place of business:-(a) the quantities of opening stock of different Fertilizers held by him on each day; 
    Explanation- The actual stocks at any point of time during the day may be different from that of the displayed opening stocks to the extent of sale and receipt of such Fertilizers up-to the time of inspection during that day.
    (b) a list of prices or rates of such Fertilizers fixed under clause 3 and for the time being in force.
  5. Issue of cash/credit memorandum
    Every dealer shall issue a cash or credit memorandum to a purchaser of a Fertilizer in Form M: __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91 ** Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 *** Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93






    III. CONTROL ON DISTRIBUTION OF FERTILIZERS BY MANUFACTURER/ IMPORTER
  6. Allocation of Fertilizers to various States.
    The Central Government may, with a view to securing equitable distribution and availability of Fertilizers to the farmers in time, by notification in the official Gazette, direct any manufacture / importer to sell the Fertilizers produced by him in such quantities and in such State or States and within such period as may be specified in the said notification. *
  7. IV. REGISTRATION OF DEALER
    Dealers to be registered.
    No person, including a manufacturer, an importer, a pool handling agency, a wholesale dealer, a retail dealer and an industrial dealer shall offer for sale or carry on the business of selling Fertilizers at any place except under and in accordance with the terms and conditions of a certificate of registration granted to him under clause 9. 
    Provided that a State Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, exempt from the provisions of this clause any person selling Fertilizers to farmers in such areas and subject to such conditions as may be specified in that notification.
  8. Application for registration 
    Every person desiring to obtain a certificate of registration under this Order for selling Fertilizers, whether in wholesale or retail or both shall make an application for registration to the registering authority or, as the case may be, for industrial use thorough registered post to the controller in Form A, in duplicate, together with the fee prescribed under clause 36 and a certificate of source, "in Form O. 
    Provided that where the applicant is a State Government, a manufacturer or an importer or a pool handling agency, it is not necessary to enclose a certificate of source along with the application.
    Provided further that separate certificates of registration shall be obtained for selling Fertilizer in wholesale and retail and in case of a State Government, a manufacturer, importer and a pool handling agency, also for selling Fertilizer for industrial use;
    __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 * Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 * Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93
    ( refers to notification No. 12-17/86 of 13.1.87 Appendix 1 for sale of small quantities of fertilizers for gardening purposes).

    Provided also that where Fertilizers are obtained for sale from different sources, a certificate or source from each such source shall be furnished. 
    Provided also that for obtaining a certificate of registration for industrial dealer, a certificate of source obtained only from the State Government or a manufacturer or an importer or pool handling agency shall be furnished. Provided also that a wholesaler excepting a manufacturer a pool handling agency or a State Government , shall not issue the certificate of source to another wholesale dealer, A wholesale dealer shall issue a certificate of source only to a retail dealer. (See clarification in Appendix 6)
  9. Grant or refusal of certificate of registration
    The registering authority * or, as the case may be, the Controller, shall grant a certificate of registration in Form 'B' within thirty days of the receipt of application to any person who applies for it under clause 8;
    Provided that no certificate of registration shall be granted to, a person,-
    (a) if his previous certificate of registration is under suspension ; or 
    (b) if his previous certificate of registration has been cancelled within a period of one year immediately preceding the date of application; or
    (c) if he has been convicted of an offence under the Act, or any Order made thereunder within three years immediately preceding the date of making the application; or
    (d) if he fails to enclose with the application a certificate of source; or 
    (e) if the application is incomplete in any respect; or
    (f) if he makes an application for obtaining the certificate of registration for industrial dealer and excepting if he is a manufacturer, importer or pool handling agency, holds a valid certificate of registration for wholesale dealer or retail dealer or both, and as the case may be, the vice-versa. 
  10. Period of validity of certificate of registration-
    Every certificate of registration granted under clause 9 or as the case may be renewed under clause 11 shall, unless suspended or cancelled, be valid for a maximum period of three years, from the date of issue.
    __________________________________________________
    * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 * Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 * Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93
  11. Renewal of certificate of registration-
    (1) Every holder of a certificate of registration desiring to renew the certificate of registration granted under clause 9 shall, before the date of expiry of such certificate of registration make an application for renewal to the registering authority or as the case may be, the Controller, in FORM C , in duplicate, together with the fee prescribed under clause 36 for such renewal and a certificate of source as required under clause 8.
    (2) On receipt of such application, together with such fee and certificate of source, the registering authority or as the case may be, the Controller, may renew the certificate of registration;
    Provided that a certificate of registration shall not be renewed if the holder of the certificate of registration did not sell any Fertilizer during the period of one year immediately preceding the date of expiry of the period of validity of the certificate of registration sought to be renewed.
    3) If any application for renewal is not made before the expiry of the period of validity of the certificate of registration but is made within one month from the date of such expiry, the certificate of registration may be renewed on payment of such additional fee as may be prescribed by the State Government * or as the case may be, the Controller, in addition to the fee for renewal of the certificate of registration. 
    (4) Where the application for renewal is made within the time specified in sub clause (1) or sub-clause (3) the application shall be deemed to have held a valid certificate of registration, until such date as the registering authority or, as the case may be, the controller, passes orders on the application for renewal. 
    (5) If an application for renewal of a Certificate of registration is not made within one month of the date of expiry of the period of validity of the certificate of registration, the certificate of registration shall be deemed to have lapsed on the date on which its validity expired and any business carried on after that date shall be deemed to have been carried on in contravention of clause 7. _________________________________________________
    Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91






    V. MANUFACTURE OF MIXTURE OF FERTILIZERS
  12. Restriction on preparation of mixture of Fertilisers-
    *** No person shall carry on the business of preparing any mixture of Fertilizers, or special mixture of Fertilizer except under and in accordance with the terms and conditions of a certificate of manufacture granted to him under clauses 15 or 16.
  13. Standards of mixtures of Fertilizers-
    (1) Subject to the other provisions of the order, no person shall manufacture any mixture of Fertilizers unless such mixture conforms to the standards set out in the notification to be issued by the central Government in the official Gazette.
    ***(2) Subject to the other provisions of this order, no person shall manufacture any mixture of Fertilizer unless such mixture conforms to the standards set out in the notification to be issued by the State Government in the Official Gazette;
    ***(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this order, those units which are already manufacturing mixtures of Fertilizers, as on the date of publication of this Order, for which standards have not yet been specified under clause 13(2), may continue to manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute such mixture of micro-nutrient Fertilizers for a period up-to 27th July, 1992 * from such date or till the standards are prescribed by the State Governments whichever is earlier subject to the condition that before the expiry of said period, they will follow the standards prescribed by State Government and obtain Certificate of Manufacture under clause 15.
    ***(4) No Certificate of manufacture shall be granted in respect of any Fertilizer which does not confirm to the standards set out in the notification refereed in sub clause (1) or (2)
    (5) Nothing in this clause shall apply to special mixtures of fertilizers . __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 ** Vide S.O. 940 (E) dt. 11.10.88 ** Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 @ Amended Vide S.O. 581 (E) dt. 27.7.89, S.O. 675 (E) dt. 31.8.90 and S.O. 530 (E) dt. 16.8.91
  14. Application for certificate of manufacture of mixtures of Fertilizers
    *** (1) Every person desiring to obtain a certificate of manufacture for preparation of any mixture of Fertilizers of special mixture of Fertilizers shall possess such qualifications as may be prescribed for this purpose by the State Government or shall employ a person passing such qualification for the preparation of such mixture, and possess the minimum laboratory facility as specified in clause 21A of this Order. 
    **(2) An applicant for a certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixture of Fertilizers or special mixture of Fertilizers shall make an application to the registering authority. 
    **(a) if he is an applicant for a certificate of manufacture for any mixture of Fertilizers in Form D, in duplicate, together with the fee prescribed therefor under clause 36;or 
    (b) if he is an applicant for a certificate of manufacture for any special mixture, in Form E, in duplicate, together with the fee prescribed therefor under the said clause 36 and an attested copy of the requisition of the purchaser. 
  15. Grant or refusal of certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixtures of Fertilizers
    ** 1) The registering authority may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, refuse to grant a certificate of manufacture in respect of any mixture of Fertilizers or special mixture of Fertilizers and shall furnish to the applicant a copy of the order so passed. 
    ** (2) Where an application for a certificate of manufacture for mixture of Fertilizers is not refused under sub-clause (1), the registering authority shall grant a certificate of manufacture in Form F and where an application for a certificate of manufacture for a special mixture is not refused under that sub-clause, such authority shall grant a certificate of manufacture to the applicant in Form G.
  16. Conditions for grant of certificate of manufacture in respect of special mixture of Fertilizers and period of validity of such certificate 
    (1) No certificate of manufacture in respect of any special mixture of Fertilizers shall be granted to an applicant unless he holds a valid certificate of manufacture under this order for any mixture of Fertilizers.
    (2) Every certificate of manufacture granted in respect of any special mixture of Fertilizers shall be valid for a period of three months from the date of its issue.
    Provided that the registering authority may, if it is satisfied that it is necessary so to do, extend the said period to such further period or periods as it may deem fit, so however, that the total period or period so extended shall not exceed six months. __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91 ** Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93
  17. Period of validity of a certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixtures of Fertilizers. 
    Every certificate of manufacture granted under clause 15 for preparation of a mixture of Fertilizers shall, unless suspended or cancelled, be valid for a period of three years from the date of issue. 
  18. Renewal of certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixtures of Fertilizers.
    ** (1) Every holder of a certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixture of Fertilizers desiring to renew the certificate, shall, before the date of expiry of the said certificate of manufacture make an application to the registering authority in Form Din duplicate, together with the fee prescribed for this purpose under clause 36.
    (2) On receipt of an application for renewal as provided in sub-clause (1), and keeping in view the performance of the applicant and other relevant circumstances, the registering authority may, if he so decides, renew the certificate of registration by endorsement on Form F and in case the certificate of registration is not renewed, the registering authority shall record in writing his reasons for not renewing the certificate of registration.
    (3) If an application for renewal is not made before the expiry of the certificate of registration but is made within one month from the date of expiry of the certificate of within one month from the date of expiry of the certificate of registration, the certificate of registration may be renewed on payment of such additional fee as may be prescribed by the State Government for this purpose. 
    (4) Where the applicant for renewal is made within the time specified in sub clause (1) or Sub-Clause (3), the applicant shall be deemed to have held a valid certificate of registration until such date as the registering authority passes order on the application for renewal.
    (5) If an application for renewal of a certificate of manufacture is not made within the period stipulated under sub-clause (1) or, as the case may be, under Sub-clause (3), the certificate of manufacture shall be deemed to have expired immediately on the expiry of its validity period, and any business carried on after that date shall be deemed to have been carried on in contravention of clause 12. __________________________________________________ Amened ** Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93




    VI.RESTRICTIONS ON
    MANUFACTURE /
    SALE,ETC. OF FERTILIZER
  19. Restriction on manufacture / sale and distribution of Fertilizers.
    No person shall himself or by any other person on his behalf :- (a) Manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute any Fertilizer which is not of prescribed standard;
    (b) Manufacture for sale, sell, offer for sale, stock or exhibit for sale, or distribute any mixture of Fertilizers, which is not of prescribed standard *** ( Subject to such limits of permissible variation as may be specified from time to time by the Central Government ) or special mixture of Fertilizers which does not conform to the particulars specified in the certificate of manufacture granted to him under this Order in respect of such special mixture. 
    (c) Sell, offer for sale, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute:-
    (i) any Fertilizer the container where of is not packed and marked in the manner laid down in this Order. 
    (ii) any Fertilizer which is an imitation or a substitute for another Fertilizer under the name of which it is sold. 
    (iii) any Fertilizer which is adulterated.
    Explanation:- A Fertilizer shall be deemed to be adulterated, if it contains any substance the addition of which is likely to eliminate or decrease its nutrient contents or make the Fertilizer not conforming to the prescribed standard. 
    (iv) Any Fertilizer the label or container where of bears the name of any individual firm or company purporting to be manufacturer of the Fertilizer, which individual, firm or company is fictitious or does not exist; 
    (v) any Fertilizer, the label or container where of or anything accompanying therewith bears any statement which makes a false claim for the Fertilizer or which is false or misleading in any material particular;
    (vi) any substance as a Fertilizer which substance is not, in fact a Fertilizer ; or 
    (vii) any Fertilizer without exhibiting the minimum guaranteed percentage by weight of plant nutrient. 
    __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 940 (E) dt. 11.10.98 ** Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88 *** Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 @ Amended vide S.O. 163 (E) dt. 14.2.94
  20. Specifications in respect of imported Fertilizers.
    Notwithstanding anything contained in this order, the Central Government may, by an order, published in the Official Gazette, fix separate specifications in respect of imported Fertilizers. 
  21. Manufacturer pool handling agencies to comply with certain requirements in regard to packing and marking, etc.2
    * every manufacturer and pool handling agency shall, in regard to packing and marking of containers of Fertilizers, comply with the following requirements, namely :- 
    (a) every container in which any Fertilizer is packed shall bear** only such particulars and nothing else as may from time to time, be specified by the Controller in this behalf; and
    (b) every container shall be so packed and sealed that the contents thereof cannot be tampered with without breaking the seal;
    __________________________________________________ 
    2 (Refers to S.O. 977 (E) dt. 9th Nov. 1987 at Appendix2) * Amended Vide S.O. 163 (E) dt. 14.2.94 Vide S.O.163 (E) dt. 14.2.94
    Provided that where Fertilizer manufactured in India are packed in bags stitched in hand, such bags shall bear lead seals, so that the contents thereof cannot be tampered with without breaking the seals;
    Provided further that lead sealing shall not be necessary:-
    (i) If such bags are machine stitched in such a manner that contents thereof cannot be tampered with without a visible break in the stitching; and 
    (ii) In the case of Fertilizers imported from abroad and packed in bags stitched in hand, in such a manner that the contents thereof cannot be tampered with without visible break in the stitching. _________________________________________________ ** Vide S.O. 163 (E) dt. 14.2.94
    @ 21 A. Manufacturers to comply with certain requirements for laboratory facilities: 
    Every manufacturer shall, in order to ensure quality of their product, possess minimum laboratory facility, as may be specified from time to time by the Controller. __________________________________________________
    3 Refer to S.O. 259 (E) dt. 16.4.91 ( reproduced at Appendix 3) regarding minimum laboratory facilities required to be installed by manufacturers of following fertilizers, SSP micro-nutrients physical / granulated mixtures of NPKS micro nutrients and combinations thereof.
  22. Bulk sale of Fertilizers.
    Notwithstanding anything contained in this Order:-
    (a) a retail dealer may retain at any time one bag or container of each variety of Fertilizer in an open and unsealed condition for the purpose of sale;
    (b) a Manufacturer may sell the Fertilizer manufactured by him in bulk to a manufacturer of mixture of Fertilizers, compound/complex Fertilizers or special mixture of Fertilizers; and
    (c) the Central Government may by notification published in the official Gazette in this behalf authorise a manufacturer to sell any Fertilizer manufactured by him in bulk also direct to farmers for such period as may be specified in that notification:
    Provided that a certificate indicating the minimum guaranteed percentage of plant nutrients is issued by the manufacturer to each farmer at the time of such sale. 
  23. Disposal of non-standard Fertilizers.
    (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this order, a person may sell, offer for sale, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute, any Fertilizer which, not being an adulterated Fertilizer, does not conform to the prescribed standard (hereinafter in this Order referred to as non-standard Fertilizer) subject to the conditions that:-
    (a) The container of such non-standard Fertilizer is conspicuously superscribed in red colour with the words "non-standard" and also with the sigh "X" , and 
    (b) an application for the disposal of non-standard Fertilizers in Form H is submitted to the registering authority to grant a certificate of authorization for sale of such Fertilizers and a certificate of authorization with regard to their disposal and price is obtained in Form I
    (c) Such non-standard Fertilizer shall be sold only to the manufacturers of mixtures of Fertilizers or special mixtures of Fertilizers or research farms of Government or Universities or such bodies. 
    (2) The price per unit of the non-standard Fertilizer shall be fixed by the registering authority after satisfying itself that the sample taken is a representative one, and after considering the nutrient contents in the sample determined on the basis of a chemical analysis of the non-standard Fertilizer. 
    (3) The Central Government may, by notification in the official Gazette and subject to the conditions, if any, laid down in that notification, and subject to guidelines issued in this regard by the Central Government exempt such pool handling agencies, as it deems fit, from complying with conditions laid down in paragraphs (a) and (b) of the sub-clause(1)4
  24. Manufacturers/pool handling agencies to appoint officers responsible with compliance of the Order. 
    Every manufacturing organization **importer and pool handling agency shall appoint in that organisation and in consultation with the Central Government, an officer, who shall be responsible for compliance with the provisions of this Order. 
  25. Restriction on sale / use of Fertilizers:
    **(1) No person shall, except with the prior permission of the Central Government and subject to such terms and conditions as may be imposed by such Government, sell or use Fertilizer, for purposes other than fertilization of soils and increasing productivity of crops. 
    Provided that the price of Fertilizers permitted for sale for industrial use shall be no profit no loss price, excluding all subsidies at the production, import, handling or on sale for agricultural consumers;
    Provided further that wherever customs or excise duties are chargeable, these may be added to the price so fixed. 
    Provided also that in the case of non-standard Fertilizers, reductions shall be made from the no profit no loss price, indicated above, proportionate to the loss of nutrient contents. __________________________________________________
    4 ( Exemption to food corporation of India form complying with conditions laid down under clause 23 (3) is given at Appendix 4) Vide S.O.795 (E dt. 22.11.91 vide S.O. 163(E) dt. 14.2.94* Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 *** Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 14.2.94
    (2) Not withstanding anything contained in sub-clause (1) no prior permission for use of Fertilizer for industrial purposes shall be necessary when the Fertilizer for such purpose is purchased from the industrial dealer possessing a valid certificate of registration granted under clause 9.
    (3) Any person possessing a valid certificate of registration for industrial dealer, unless such person is a State Government, a manufacturer/importer or a pool handling agency, shall not carry on the business of selling Fertilizers for agricultural purposes, including a wholesale dealer or a retail dealer. However, in case of a State Government, a manufacturer or a importer or a pool handling agency possessing a valid certificate of registration for sale of Fertilizer for industrial use, and also for sale of Fertilizer for agricultural use, whether in wholesale or retail or both, shall not carry on the business of selling Fertilizers both for industrial use and agricultural use in the same premises.






    VII. ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES.
  26. Appointment of registering authority.
    The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such number of persons, as it thinks necessary, to be registering authorities for the purpose of this order excepting for grant or renewal of certificate of registration for industrial dealers, and may, in any such notification define the limits of local area within which each such registering authority shall exercise his jurisdiction.
  27. Appointment of inspectors.
    The State Government, or the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette appoint such number of persons, as it thinks necessary, to be inspectors of Fertilizers for the purpose of this Order, and may, in any such notification, define the limits of local area within which each such inspector shall exercise his jurisdiction.5 
    27A Qualifications for appointment of Fertilizer inspectors.
    No person shall be eligible for appointment as Fertilizer inspector under this order unless he possesses the following qualifications, namely: -
    (1) Graduate in agriculture or science with chemistry as one of the subjects, from a recognized university; and
    (2) Training or experience in the quality control of Fertilizers and working in the State or Central Government Department of Agriculture.
  28. Powers of inspectors.
    (1) An inspector may, with a view to securing compliance with this order:-
    (a) require any manufacturer, importer, pool handling agency, wholesale dealer or retail dealer to give any information in his possession with respect to the manufacture, storage and disposal of any Fertilizer manufactured or, in any manner handled by him; 
    (b) Draw samples of any Fertilizer in accordance with the procedure of drawal of samples laid down in Schedule II
    Provided that the inspector shall prepare the sampling details in duplicate in Form J, and hand over one copy of the same to the dealer or his representative from whom the sample has been drawn;
    _______________________________________________
    ** Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 5 Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91


    (c) enter upon and search any premises where any Fertilizer is manufactured or stored or exhibited for sale, if he has reason to believe that any Fertilizer has been or is being manufactured sold, offered for sale, stored, exhibited for sale or distributed contrary to the provisions of this Order;
    (d) Seize or detain any Fertilizer in respect of which he has reason to believe that a contravention of this Order has been or is being or is about to be committed; 
    (e) Seize any books of accounts or documents relating to manufacture, storage or sale of Fertilizers, etc. in respect of which he has reason to believe that any contravention of this Order has been or is being or is about to be committed;
    Provided that the inspector shall give a receipt for such Fertilizers or books of accounts or documents so seized to the person from whom the same have been seized;
    Provided further that the books of accounts or documents so seized shall be returned to the person from whom they were seized after copies thereof or extracts thereform as certified by such person, have been taken. 
    (2) Subject to the proviso to paragraphs (d) and (e) of sub-clause (1) the provisions of the Code of Criminal procedure, 1973 ( 2 of 1974) relating to search and seizure shall, so far as may be, apply to searches and seizures under this clause. 
    Provided also that the inspector shall give the stop sale notice in writing to the person whose stocks have been detained and initiate appropriate action as per the provisions of this order within a period of twenty-one days. If no action has been initiated by the inspector within the said period of twenty-one days from the date of issue of the said notice, the notice of stop sale shall be deemed to have been revoked. 
    (3) Where any Fertilizer is seized by an inspector under this clause, he shall forth with report the fact of such seizure to the collector whereupon the provisions of sections 6A, 6B, 6C, 6D and 6E of the Act, shall apply to the custody, disposal and confiscation of such Fertilizers. 
    (4) Every person, if so required by an inspector, shall be bound to afford all necessary facilities to him for the purpose of enabling him to exercise his powers under sub-clause (1)
    _________________________________________________________* Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.94 






    VIII. ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES
  29. Laboratory for analysis
    A Fertilizer sample, drawn by an inspector, shall be analysed in accordance with the instructions contained in Schedule II in the "Central Fertilizers Quality Control and Training institute, ** Faridabad or Regional Fertilizer Control Laboratories at Bombay, Madras or Kalyani (Calcutta) or in any other laboratory notified for this purpose by the State Government.
    @ 29A. Qualifications for appointment of Fertilizer analyst in the Fertilizer control laboratories. 
    No person shall be eligible for appointment as Fertilizer analyst for analysis of Fertilizers samples in the laboratories notified under clause 29 of the Order, unless he possesses the following qualifications, namely:-
    (1) graduate in Agriculture or Science with chemistry as one of the subjects from a recognised university; and
    (2) training in Fertilizer quality control and analysis at Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute, Faridabad. __________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 140 (E) dt. 12.2.90 ** Vide S.O. 498 (E) dt. 29.6.89 @ Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91
    Provided that the Fertilizer analysts appointed before the commencement of this order, who do not possess the requisite training, shall under go prescribed training, within a period of three years, in the Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute, Faridabad from the date of commencement of this Order.
  30. Time limit for analysis, and communication of result.
    (1) Where sample of a Fertilizer has been drawn, the same shall be dispatched along with a memorandum in Form K to the laboratory for analysis within a period of seven days from the date of its drawal. 
    (2) The laboratory shall analyse the sample and forward the analysis report in Form L within 60 days from the date of receipt of the sample in the laboratory to the authority specified in the said memorandum.
    (3) The authority to whom the analysis report is sent under sub-clause (2) shall communicate the result of the analysis to the dealer/manufacture /pool handling agency from whom the sample was drawn within 30 days from the date of receipt of the analysis report of the laboratory.
  31. IX. MISCELLANEOUS
    Suspension/ Cancellation of Registration Certificate:-
    (1) A Registering authority or, as the case may be, the Controller may, after giving the holder of a certificate of registration, of a certificate of manufacture or any other certificate granted under this Order, an opportunity of being heard, suspend or cancel such certificate on any of the following grounds, namely:-
    (a) that such certificate has been obtained by misrepresentation as to material particulars;
    (b) that any of the provisions of this order or any of the terms and conditions of such certificate has been contravened or not fulfilled; 
    Provided that while canceling the certificate the holder thereof may be allowed a period of 30 days to dispose of the balance stock of Fertilizers if any, held by him;
    Provided further that the stock of Fertilizer lying with the holder after the expiry of the said 30 days period shall be confiscated;
    (2) Where the contravention alleged to have been committed by a person is such as would, on being proved, justify cancellation of the certificate of registration or, as the case may be, certificate of manufacture or any other certificate granted under this Order to such person the registering authority or, as the case may be, the Controller may, without any notice, suspend such certificate as an interim measure; __________________________________________________
    * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    Provided that the registering authority or, as the case may be, the controller shall immediately furnish to the person details and the nature of contravention alleged to have been committed by such person and, after giving the person an opportunity of being heard, pass final orders either revoking the order of suspension or canceling the certificate within fifteen days from the date of issue of the order of suspension;
    Provided further that where no final order is passed within the period as specified above, the order of interim suspension shall be deemed to have been revoked without prejudice, however, to further action which the registering authority or, as the case may be, the controller may take against the holder of the certificate under sub-clause (1)
    (3) Wherever a certificate is suspended or cancelled under this clause, the registering authority or, as the case may be, the Controller shall record a brief statement of the reasons for such suspension or, as the case may be cancellation and furnish a copy thereof to the person whose certificate has been suspended or cancelled. 
    (4) Wherever the person alleged to have committed the contravention is an industrial dealer, the registering authority may also take action against the holder of such certificate of registration, under sub-clause (1) and (2) __________________________________________________
    * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    Provided that where such certificate is suspended or cancelled the registering authority shall, within a period of fifteen days from the date of issue of such Order of suspension or cancellation, furnish to the controller also, besides sending the same to the person whose certificate has been suspended or cancelled, a detailed report about the nature of contravention committed and a brief statement of the reasons for such suspension or, as the case may be cancellation;
    Provided further that the controller, shall, in case of the order for suspension passed by the registering authority, on receipt of the detailed report and after giving the person an opportunity of being heard, pass final order either revoking the order of suspension or cancelling the certificate of registration, within fifteen days from the date of receipt of the detailed report from the registering authority, failing which the order of interim suspension passed by the registering authority shall be deemed to have been revoked, without prejudice however, to further action which the controller may take against the holder of certificate under sub-clause (1)
    Provided also that the order of cancellation passed by the registering authority shall remain effective as if it has been passed by the Controller till such time the Controller, on receipt of the detailed report from the registering authority, and if deemed necessary, after giving the person a fresh opportunity of being heard, pass the final order either revoking or confirming the order of cancellation.
  32. Appeal
    Any person, "excepting an industrial dealer or, as the case may be, the person desiring to obtain a certificate of registration for industrial dealer, aggrieved by:-
    (1) An order
    (a) refusing to grant, amend or renew a certificate of registration for sale of Fertilizer; or 
    (b) refusing to grant a certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixture of Fertilizers or special mixture of Fertilizers, or
    (c) Suspending or canceling a certificate of registration or manufacture or;
    (2) Non-issuance of certificate or registration to him within the stipulated period may within sixty days from the date of receipt of such order or, as the case may be, from the date of expiry of such stipulated period, appeal to such authority as the State Government may specify in this behalf, and the decision of such authority shall be final.
  33. Grant of duplicate copies of certificate of registrations, etc.
    Where a certificate of registration or a certificate of manufacture or any other certificate granted or, as the

    case may be, renewed under this order is lost the registering authority, ** or, as the case may be, the controller may, on an application made in this behalf, together with the fee prescribed for this purpose under clause 36, grant a duplicate copy of such certificate. 
  34. Amendment of certificate of registration
    The registering authority ** or, as the case may be, the controller may, on an application made in this behalf, together with the fee prescribed for the purpose under clause 36, amend a certificate of registration.
  35. Maintenance of records and submission of returns, etc. 
    1. The controller may by an order made in writing direct the dealers, manufacturers and pool handling agencies:- 
    (a) To maintain such books of accounts, records, etc. relating to their business in Form "N" and 
    (b) To submit to such authority, returns and statements in such form and containing such information relating to their business and within such time as may be specified in that order.
    __________________________________________________
    ** Vide S.O.795 (E) dt. 28.11.91
    (2) Where a person holds certificates of registration for retail sale and wholesale sale of Fertilizers, he shall maintain separate books of accounts for these two types of sales made by him.
    **(3) Where a State Government, a manufacturer, + an importer and a pool handling agency holds valid certificates of registration for sale of Fertilizers in wholesale or retail or both and also for sale for industrial use, he shall maintain separate books of accounts for these two or three types of sales made by him.
    (4) Every importer shall inform the Director of Agriculture of the State in which he intends to discharge the imported Fertilizer, under intimation to the Central Government , before the import is made or within a period of fifteen days after an indent for import is placed, the following details, namely:-
    "(i) Name of Fertilizer.
    (ii) Name of country of import.
    (iii) Name of manufacturer
    (iv) Quantity to be imported.
    (v) Date of arrival of the consignment.
    (vi) Name of the discharge port.
    (vii) Other information."
  36. Fees
    (1) The fees payable for grant, amendment or renewal of a certificate of registration or certificate of manufacture a duplicate of such certificates or renewal there-of under this Order shall be such as the State Government may, with prior approval of the controller, from time to time fix, subject to the maximum fees fixed for different purposes by the Central Government and different fees may be fixed for different purposes or for different classes of dealers or for different types of mixtures of Fertilizer or special mixture.
    Provided that no fee shall be payable by a person holding a valid certificate of manufacture for preparation of mixture of Fertilizers or special mixture of Fertilizer issued under the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1957 and making an application for grant or a fresh certificate of manufacture for preparation of such mixture after the commencement of this order. 
    (2) The authority to whom and the manner in which the fee fixed under sub-clause 
    1) Shall be paid, shall be such as may be specified by the State Government by notification in the Official Gazette. ________________________________________________ * Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt.10.4.91 ** Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91 * Vide S.O. 397 (E) dt. 18.6.93

    (3) Any fee paid under sub-clause (1) shall not be refundable unless the grant or renewal of any certificate of registration or certificate of manufacture or duplicate copy of such certificate or renewal under this order has been refused.
    **(4) The fees payable for grant, amendment, renewal or duplicate copy of certificate registration for industrial dealer and the authority to whom and the manner in which such fee shall be paid, shall be such as may be specified by the Controller from time to time by notification in the official Gazette.5
  37. Service of orders and directions.
    Any order or direction made for issued by the controller or by any other authority under this order shall be served in the same manner as provided in sub-section (5) of section 3 of the Act. 
    __________________________________________________
    ** Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    5 Notification under S.O. 796 (E) dt. 22.11.91 relating to clause 36(4) is given at Appendix 5
  38. Advisory Committee.
    (1) The Central Government may by notification in the Official gazette and on such terms and conditions as may be specified in such notification, constitute a committee called the Central Fertilizer Committee consisting of a Chairman and not more than ten other persons having experience or knowledge in the field, who shall be members of the committee, to advise the Central Government regarding:-
    (i) Inclusion of a new Fertilizer, under this order;
    (ii) Specifications of various Fertilizers;
    (iii) Grades/formulations of physical/granulated mixtures of Fertilizers that can be allowed to be prepared in a State;
    (iv) Requirements of laboratory facilities in manufacturing unit, including a unit manufacturing physical/granulated mixtures of Fertilizers;
    (v) Methods of drawal and analysis of samples; 
    (vi) Any other matter referred by the Central Government to the Committee;
    (2) The committee may, subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, make bye-laws fixing the quorum and regulating its own procedure and the conduct of all business to be transacted by it. 
    (3) The committee may co-opt such number of experts and for such purposes or periods as it may deem fit, but any expert so co-opted shall not have the right to vote. 
    (4) The committee may appoint one or more sub-committees, consisting wholly of members of the committee or wholly of co-opted members or partly of the members of the committee and partly of co-opted members as it thinks fit, for the purpose of discharging such of its functions as may be delegated to such sub-committee or sub-committees by the Central Fertilizer Committee.
    @ (5) The State Government may by notification in the Official Gazette and on such terms and conditions as may be specified in such notification, constitute a Committee called the State Fertilizer Committee consisting of a Chairman and not more than ' 4 other members having experience or knowledge in the field , including a representative from State Agricultural University, the Fertilizer industry and Indian Micro Fertilizers Manufacturers Association to advise the State Government regarding the grades/formulations of mixture of Fertilizers.
  39. Repeal and saving
    (1) The Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1957 is hereby repealed except as respects things done or omitted to be done under the said Order before the commencement of this order.
    (2) Not-withstanding such repeal, an order made by any authority, which is in force immediately before the commencement of this order and which is consistent with this Order, shall continue in force and all appointments made, price fixed, certificates granted and directions issued under repealed order and in force immediately before such commencement shall likewise continue in force and be deemed to be made, fixed, granted or issued in pursuance of this order till revoked. 
    __________________________________________________ @ Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88 and Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 ' Vide S.O. 940 (E) dt. 11.10.1988







    SCHEDULE -I
    (See Clause 2(h) & (q))
    PART - A
    SPECIFICATIONS OF FERTILISERS.
    1(a). STRAIGHT NITROGENOUS FERTILISERS.
    1. Ammonium Sulphate: (i) Moisture percent by weight, maximum (ii) Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight. minimum (iii) Free acidity ( as H2 SO4) per cent by weight, maximum (0.04 for material obtained fromby-product ammonia and by-product gypsum)(iv) Arsenic as (As2O3) per cent by weight, maximum 1.020.60.025 0.01
    2. Urea (46% N) (While free flowing) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen, per cent by weight, (on dry basis) minimum (iii)Biuret per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall pass through 2.8 mm IS sieve and not less than 80 per cent by weight shall be retained on 1mm IS sieve 1.046.001.5 


    * The name of the fertilisers is given in bold letters (which represents column 1) followed by specifications (which represents column 2) 
    4 (iv) omitted vide S.O. 1079 (E0 dt. 11.12.87







    3. Urea (coated) (45% N) (While free flowing) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, content with coating, minimum(iii)Biuret per cent by weight maximum (iv) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall passthrough 2.8 mm IS sieve and not less than 80 per cent by weight shall be retained on 1 mm IS sieve. 0.545.01.5
    4. Ammonium Chloride (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Ammoniacle nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Chloride other than ammonium chloride (as NaCl) per cent by weight, (on dry basis) maximum (iv) Omitted 2.025.02.0
    5. Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (25% N) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total ammoniacal and nitrate nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii) Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Calcium nitrate per cent by weight, maximum Particle size-80 per cent of the material shall passthrough 4mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 10 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.0025.012.50.5

    * Vide S.O. No. 271 (E) dt. 29.3.90 and S.O. 332 (E) dt. 18.4.90 






    6. Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (26% N) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total Ammoniacal and nitrate nitrogen per cent by weight minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Calcium nitrate per cent by weight, maximum (v) Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1 mm IS sieve. 1.026.013.00.5
    7. Anhydrous Ammonia (i) Ammonia per cent by weight, minimum (iii) Water per cent by weight, maximum (iii) Oil content by weight, maximum 20 ppm 99.01.0
    ** 8. Urea Super Granulated (i) Moisture, per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen, per cent by weight (on dry basis), minimum (iii)Biuret per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall pass through 13.2 mm IS sieve and not less than 80 per cent by weight shall be retained on 9.5 mm IS sieve. 1.0046.001.5
    * 9. Urea (Granular) (i) Moisture, per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen, per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Biuret, per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4mm IS sieve and be retained on 2mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall below 2mm IS sieve. 1.0046.001.5

    * Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93


    1(b) STRAIGHT PHOSPHATIC FERTILIZERS 1. Single Superphosphate (16% P2O5 Powdered)(i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Free phosphoric acid (as P2O5) per cent by weight maximum(iii)Water soluble phosphates ( as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum 12.04.016.0
    2. Single Superphosphate ( 14% P2O5 Powdered (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Free phosphoric acid (as P2 O5) per cent by weight, maximum (iii) Water soluble phosphates ( as P2 O5) percent by weight, minimum 12.0 4.014.0
    3. Triple Superphosphate (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Free phosphoric acid (as P2O5) per cent by weight, maximum(iii)Total phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum 12.03.046.042.5
    4. Bone meal, Raw (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Acid insoluble matter per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Total phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum(iv) 2per cent citric acid soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum (v) Nitrogen content of water insoluble portion per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Particle size-The material shall pass wholly thorough 2.36 mm IS sieve of which not more than 30 per cent shall be retained on 0.85 mm IS sieve. 8.012.020.08.03.0
    5. Bone meal, Steamed (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total phosphates ( as P2O5) per cent by weight (on dry basis) minimum (iii)2 per cent citric acid soluble phosphates (as P2O5 )per cent by weight , (on dry basis) minimum (iv) Particle size-Not less than 90 per cent of the material shall pass through 1.18 mm IS sieve. 7.022.016.0
    6. Rockphosphate (i) Particle size-Minimum 90 per cent of the material shall pass through 0.15 mm IS sieve and the balance 10 per cent of material shall pass through 0.25 mm IS sieve. (ii) Total phosphate (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum 18.0
    7. Single Superphosphate (16% P2O5Granulated) (i) Moisture, per cent by weight, maximum(ii) Free shosphoric acid (as P2O5) per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Particle size - " Not less than 90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1 mm IS sieve not more than 5 per cent shall pass through 1mm IS sieve. 5.04.016.0


    * Vide S.O. 822 (E) dt. 14.9.87 " Vide S.O. 252 (E) dt. 11.3.88
    Noted Boronated single superphosphate omitted Vide S.O. 140 (E) dt. 12.4.1990
    1(c) STRIGHT POTASSIC FERTILIZERS 1. Potassium Chloride (Muriate of Potash)(i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Water Soluble potash content (as K2O) per cent by weight minimum (iii)Sodium as NaCl per cent by weight (on dry basis)maximum(iv) Particle size-95 per cent of the material shall pass through 1.7 mm IS sieve and be retained on 0.25 mm IS sieve. 0.560.00**3.5
    2. Potassium Sulphate (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Potash content (as K2O) per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Total chlorides (as Cl) per cent by weight, (on dry basis) maximum (iv) Sodium as NaCl per cent by weight (on dry basis)maximum 1.550.00@2.52.0
    3. Potassium Schoenite (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Potash content ( as K2O) per cent by weight (on dry basis) minimum (iii)Magnesium oxide (as MgO) per cent by weight maximum (iv) Sodium (as NaCl) (on dry basis) per cent by weight, maximum 1.523.010.01.5
    4. Potassium Chloride (Muriate of Potash) (Granular) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Sodium (as NaCl) per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Magnesium (as MgCl2) per cent by weight, maximum (v) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall pass through 3.35 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1 mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1 mm IS sieve." 0.560.03.51.0
    @ Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91 + Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93 * The words with Urea deleted vide S.O. 377 (E) dt. 29.5.92
    1.(d) N. P. FERTILIZERS 1. Deleted vide S.O. 377(E) dt. 29.5.1992 
    2. Diammonium Phosphate (18-46-0) *(i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen form per cent by weigh, minimum (iv) Total nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum(v)Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Particle size-90per cent of the material shall pass through 4mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve Not more than 5 per cent shall be below than 1mm size 1.518.015.5 2.546.0 41.0
    3. Ammonium Phosphate Sulphate (16-20-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum(iv) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5) percent by weight minimum (v) Particle size-90 percent f the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.016.020.0 19.5
    4. Ammonium Phosphate Sulphate (20-20-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum(ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammonical nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum(vii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.020.018.02.020.0 17.0
    5. Ammonium Phosphate Sulphate Nitrate (20-20-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrate nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.520.017.03.020.0 17.0
    6. Ammonium Phosphate Sulphate (18-9-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum(iv) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (v) Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.018.09.0 8.5
    7. Nitro Phosphate (20-20-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Nitrogen in Ammoniacal form per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in nitrate form per cent by weight, maximum (v) 10Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Calcium nitrate, per cent by weight, maximum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.520.010.010.020.012.0*1.0
    8. Urea Ammonium phosphate (28-28-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammonical nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (v) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)percent by weight, minimum (vi) Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.528.09.028.0 25.2


    * Vide S.O. 942 (E) dt. 10.12.93
    9. Urea Ammonium Phosphate (24-24-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. (Note: This product contains inert filler material such as sand or dolomite to the extent of 20% by weight, maximum ________________________________________________________ 10. Urea Ammonium Phosphates (20-20-0) i. Moisture per cent by weight, maximum ii. Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum iii. Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum iv. Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight,minimum v. Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum vi. Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. (Notes: This product contains filler material (inert soil) to the extent of 30% by weight) 1.524.07.516.524.0 20.4 1.520.06.420.017.5
    * Vide S.O. 942 (E) dt. 10.12.93 Included Vide S.O. 724 (E) dt. 28.7.88

    11. Mono Ammonium Phosphate (11-52-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum(ii) Total nitrogen all in ammoniacal form per cent by weight, minimum (iii) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates (P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (v) Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.011.06.452.0 44.2
    *12. Nitrophosphate (23-23-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii) Nitrogen in ammonical form per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in nitrate form per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates as P2O5 er cent by weight minimum (vii)clacium nitrate per cent by weight, maximum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.523.011.511.523.0 18.51.0


    Included Vide S.O. 724 (E) dt. 28.7.88




    **13.Ammonium Nitrate phosphate (23-23-0) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total Nitrogen per cent by weight minimum(iii Nitrogen all in ammonical form per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in nitrate form per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5) per cent by weight minimum (vii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.523.013.010.023.0 20.5
    1(e) N.P.K. FERTILIZER 1. Nitrophosphate with Potash (15-15-15)(i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii)Total nitrogen , minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrate nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight,minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm IS sieve. (ix) Calcium nitrate, per cent by weight, maximum 1.515.07.57.515.0 4.015.0 1.0
    * 2. N.P.K (10-26-26) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (vii) Water soluble phosphate (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-Particle size of the material will be such that 90 per cent of the material will be between 1 mm and 4 mm IS sieve and not more than 5 per cent will be below 1mm IS size 1.010.07.53.026.0 26.022.1
    *3. N.P.K.(12-32-16) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight minium(iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrogen in the form of urea per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi)Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii) Water soluble potash ( as K2O) per cent by weight , minimum(viii)Particle size- Particle size of the material will be such that 90 per cent of the material will be between 1 mm and 4 mm IS sieve and not more than 5 per cent will be below 1mm size. 1.012.09.03.032.0 27.216.0 


    * Amended Vide GSR 201 (E) dt. 14.2.86





    4. N.P.K. (22-22-11) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Urea nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum(vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.522.07.015.022.0 18.711.0
    5. N.P.K. (14-35-14) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum *(ii) Nitorgen in ammoniacal form percent weight, minimum *(iii) (iv) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight,minimum (v) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve 1.014.0 35.0 29.014.0 


    * Amended Vide GSR 201 (E) dt. 14.2.86
    * 5 (ii) Amended Vide S.O. 1079 (E) dt. 11.12.87
    *5 (iii) omitted vide S.O. 1079 (E) dt. 11.12.87

    6. N.P.K. (17-17-17) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Urea nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.517.05.012.017.0 14.517.0
    7. N.P.K. (14-28-14) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Urea nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum1 (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.514.08.06.028.0 23.814.0
    8. N.P.K. (19-19-19) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum(ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum(iv) Urea nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum (vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-90 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and shall be retained on 1mm sieve. Not more than 5 per cent shall be below 1mm IS sieve. 1.519.05.613.419.0 16.219.0
    * 9. N.P.K. (17-17-17) (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iii)Ammoniacal nitrogen per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Nitrate nitrogen per cent by weight, maximum (v) Neutral ammonium citrate soluble phosphates(as P2O5) per cent by weight, minimum (vi) Water soluble phosphates (as P2O5)per cent by weight minimum 1(vii)Water soluble potash (as K2O)per cent by weight minimum (viii)Particle size-80 per cent of the material shall pass through 4 mm IS sieve and be retained on 1mm IS sieve. Not more than 20 per cent shall be above 1mm IS sieve.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ * Vide S.O. 673 (E) dated 25.8.89 *Vide G.S.R 1160(E) dt. 21.10.1986 ** Vide S.O.534(E) dt.20.7.1992 1.517.08.58.517.0 13.617.0
    1(f) MICRONUTRIENTS 1. ** Zinc Sulphate Heptahydrate (ZnSO47H2O)(i) Free flowing crystalline form (ii) Matter insoluble in water per cent by weight, maximum(iii)Zinc (as Zn) per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum (v) Copper (as Cu) per cent by weight, maximum (vi) Magnesium (as Mg)per cent by weight, maximum (vii)pH not less than 1.021.00.0030.10.54.0
    2. Manganese Sulphate (i) Free flowing form (ii) Matter insouble in water percent by weight minium(iii)Manganese (as Mn)content per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum (v) Copper (as Cu) per cent by weight, maximum (vi) Magnesium (as Mg)per cent by weight, maximum (vii)pH 1.230.50.0030.12.03.75 + 0.25
    *3. Borax (Sodium Tetraborate) (Na 2 B4O7 10H2O) for soil application. (i) Content of Boron (as B) per cent by weight, minimum (ii) Matter insouble in water percent by weight minium(iii)pH (iv) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum 10.51.0 9.0 -9.50.003
    *4. Solubor (Na2B4O75H2O+Na2B10O1610H2O) for follar spray (i) Content of Boron as (B) per cent by weight, minimum (ii) Matter insoluble in water per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum 19.01.00.003
    *5. Copper Sulphate (CuSO45H2O) (i) Copper (as Cu) percent by weight, minimum (ii) Matter insoluble in water per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Soluble iron and aluminium compounds (expressed as Fe) percent by weight, maximum (iv) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum (vii)pH not less than 24.01.00.5 0.0033.0


    * GSR 1160 (E) dt. 21.10.1986
    ** Vide S.O. 534 (E) dt. 20.7.1992 @ Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.1991 


    *6. Ferrous Sulphate (Fe SO47H2O) (i) Ferrous iron (as Fe), percent by weight, minimum (ii) Free Acid (as H2SO4) per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Ferric iron (as Fe) percent by weight, maximum (iv) Matter insoluble in water, percent by weight, maximum (v) pH not less than (vi) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum 19.01.00.51.03.50.003
    *7. Ammonium Molybdate (NH4)6MO7O244H2O) (i) Molybdenum (as Mo)per cent by weight, minimum (ii) Matter insoluble in water, percent by weight, maximum (iii)Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight maximum 52.01.00.003
    *8. Chelated Zinc as Zn-EDTA (i) Appearance- Free flowing crystalline/powder (ii)Zinc content (Expressed as Zn) per cent by weight, minimum in the form of Zn -EDTA (iii)Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight maximum (iv) pH 12.0 0.0036.0-6.5
    *9. Chelated Iron as Fe-EDTA (i) Appearance- Free flowing crystalline/powder (ii) Iron content (Expressed as Fe) per cent by weight, minimum in the form of Fe -EDTA (iii)Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight, maximum (iv) pH 12.0 0.0035.5-6.5
    @10. Zinc Sulphate Mono-hydrate (ZnSO4H2O) (i) **Free flowing powder form(ii) Matter-insoluble in water, per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Zinc (as Zn), per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Lead (as Pb), per cent by weight maximum (v) Copper (as Cu), per cent by weight, maximum (vi) Magnesium (as Mg.),per cent by weight, maximum (vii)Iron (as Fe), per cent by weight, maximum (viii) pH not less than 1.033.00.0030.10.50.54.0
    + 11.Magnesium Sulphate (i) Free flowing-Crystalline form(ii) Matter insoluble in water, per cent by weight, maximum(iii)Magnesium (as Mg.)per cent by weight, maximum (iv) Lead (as Pb) per cent by weight maximum (v) pH (5% solution) 1.09.60.0035.0-8.0
    *1(g)FORTIFIED FERTILIZERS 1. Boronated Single Superphosphate(16% P2O5Powedered)(i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Free phosphaoric acid (as P2O5)per cent by weight, maximum (iii)Water soluble phosphate (as P2O5)per cent by weight, minimum(iv) Boron (as B) per cent by weight maximum 12.04.016.00.18

    * Vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.91
    * Vide S.O. 140 (E) dt- 12.2.90
    + Vide S.O. 826 (E) dt. 9.11.92










    2. Zincated Urea (i) Moisture per cent by weight, maximum (ii) Total nitrogen per cent by weight,(on dry basis)minimum (iii)Zinc (as Zn) per cent by weight, minimum (iv) Biuret per cent by weight, maximum (v) Particle size -90 per cent of the material shall pass through 2.8 mm IS sieve and not less than 80 per cent by weight shall be retained on 1mm IS sieve. 1.043.02.01.5











    PART -B
    TOLERANCE LIMIT IN PLANT
    NUTRIENT FOR VARIOUS FERTILIZERS
    1. 
    1. For Fertilizers with definite compounds like ammonium sulphate, Urea,Ammonium chloride, Muriate of Potash, Sulphate of Potash, Superphosphate, Dicalcium Phosphate, contain more than 20 per cent plant nutrients For those which contain less than 20 per cent plant nutrients Nutrients 0.20.1
    2. For calcium ammonium nitrate 0.3
    3. For diammonium phosphate ** 0.5 units for N & P contents
    @ 4. For nitrophosphates, ammonium sulphate Nitrate Urea ammonium phosphate, ammonium phosphate, sulphate, bonemeal, granulated mixture, compound/complex fertilizer ** / physical mixtures of ** physical mixtures of fertilisers (NPK mixtures) # Mixtures of NPK with micro-nutrients @ Tolerance varies with nutrient level in fertilizer subject to maximum 2% for all combined nutrients.
    Nutrient level(%) Tolerance level (unit)
    15 or less 0.5
    16 to 20 0.6
    21 or more 0.7
    ***5.For Borax, Chelated Zinc
    EDTA and chelated iron-EDTA 0.1
    6. For Solubor, copper sulphate, Zince Sulphate 0.2
    manganese sulphate and ferrous sulphate 
    7. For ammonium molybdate 0.5
    8. For magnesium Sulphate 0.1
    ** Vide S.O. 444 (E) dt. 2.7.91
    *** GSR 1160 (E) dt. 21.10.86 
    @ Vide S.O.508 (E) dt. 19.3.86 
    + Vide S.O. 826 (E) dt. 9.11.92
    # Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93
    # * 9.For mixture of micronutrient Fertilizer Tolerance varies with combined nutrient level in Fertilizer
    Nutrient level (%)10 of less11 to 2021 or more Tolerance level (unit) 0.10.20.5
    # Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93
    SCHEDULE II
    (See clause 28 (1) (b) and 29)
    PART A
    PROCEDURE FOR DRAWAL OF SAMPLES OF FERTILIZERS
    1. General requirement of sampling
    In drawing samples, the following measures and precautions 
    should be observed:-
    (a) Samples shall not be taken at a place exposed to rain/sun;
    (b) The sampling instruments shall be clean and dry when used;
    (c) The material being sampled, the sampling instrument and the bags of samples should be free from any adventitious contaminations;
    (d) To draw a representative sample, the contents of each bag selected for sampling should be mixed as thoroughly as possible by suitable means;
    (e) The sample should be kept in suitable, clean dry and air tight glass or screwed hard polythene bottle of about 400 gm capacity or in a thick gauged polythene bag. This should be put in a cloth bag which may be sealed with the Inspector's seal after putting inside the detailed description as specified in Form "J" Identifiable details may also be put on the cloth bag like sample No./Code No. or any other details which enables its identification; 

    (f) Each sample bag should be sealed air tight after filling and marked with details of sample, type and brand of fertilizer, name of dealer/manufacturer/importer and the name of Inspector who has collected sample.
    2. Sampling from bagged material
    (i) Scale of sampling
    (a) Lot (for manufacturers/importer)
    All bags in a single consignment of the material of the same grade and type drawn from a single batch of the manufacturer/importer shall constitute a lot. If a consignment is declared to consist of different batches of manufacturer/import, all the bags of each batch shall constitute a separate lot.
    In the case of a consignment drawn from a continuous process,2000 bags (or 100 tonnes) of the material shall constitute a lot.
    (b) Lot (for dealers)
    The lot is an identifiable quantity of same grade and type of fertilizer stored at an identifiable place subject to a maximum limit of 100 tonnes. 
    The lot shall be identified by the inspector based on visible appearance of bags, their packing and storage conditions. The stock of less than 100 tonnes with a dealer may also constitute one or more lots, if the material (fertilizer) of different sources and brand is available in such quantities. 

    (c) Selection of bags for sampling 
    The number of bags to be chosen from a lot shall depend upon the size of the lot as given in the table below.
    Lot size (No. of bags) (N) No. of bags to be selected for sampling(n)
    Less than 10 1
    10-100 2
    100-200 3
    200-400 4
    400-600 5
    600-800 6
    800-1000 7
    1000-1300 8
    1300-1600 9
    1600-2000 10
    All the bags of a lot should be arranged in a systematic manner. Start counting from any bag randomly, go on counting as 1,2,3,--- upto r and so on, r being equal to the integral of N/n. Thus every rth bag counted shall be withdrawn and all bags shall constitute the sample bags from where the sample is to be drawn for preparing a composite sample.
    (ii) Sampling from big godowns/high stackings.
    If the procedure given in para 2(i) (c) is not possible to be adopted, the sample should be drawn from the randomly selected fertilizer bags from different layers, from top and from all open side in a zig zag fashion.
    (iii)Sampling from small godowns
    All the fertilizer bags of the same grade and type of each manufacturer though received on different dates shall be segregated and properly stacked. All bags of same grade and type of fertiliser manufactured by a particular manufacturing unit may be considered as one lot based on their physical conditions and the sample shall be drawn as per procedure laid down in Para 2(i) (c) and 4.
    (iv) Sampling from damaged stock
    (a) In case of torn or lumpy bags, damaged fertilizer bags or sweepings, the stock should be arranged according to identifiable lots. From each lot the number of bags shall be selected as per procedure 2(i)(c). If the bags allow the use of sampling probe conveniently, the samples should be drawn by sampling probe.
    (b) In case it is not possible to use the sampling probe, the bags may be opened and fertilizer material mixed together uniformally by hammering the big lumps or putting pressure, if required and then samples drawn by using suitable sample device. 
    3. Sampling probe
    (i) An appropriate sampling instrument to be used by the Inspectors for collection of a representative sample is called sampling probe. The probe may comprise of a slotted single tube with solid cone tip made of stainless steel or brass. The length of the probe may be approximately 60 to 65 cms and the diameter of the tube may be approximately 1.5 cm and the slot width be1.2 to 1.3 cms. The probe may be use if the physical condition of the fertilisers and the packing material permits it use.
    (ii) In case of High Density Polyethylene packing and also when the fertiliser material is not in free flowing condition, the use of sampling probe may not be possible. In such a case, selected bags for drawing samples may be opened and the fertilizers may be taken out of the bags and spread on a clean surface and samples drawn with the help of a suitable Sampling device which may be made of stainless steel or brass cup.
    4. Drawal of samples from bags.
    (i) Drawal of sample and preparation of composite samples. Draw, with an appropriate sampling instrument, (sampling probe) small portions of the material from the selected bags as per procedure in para 2(i) (b), 2(ii), 2(iii) and 2 (iv) (a). The sampling probe shall be inserted in the bag from one comer to another diagonally and when filled with fertiliser, the probe is withdrawn and fertiliser is emptied in a container/or on polythene sheet/or on a clean hard surface and made into one composite sample.
    (ii) If the bags do not permit the use of sampling probe, empty the contents of the bags on a level, clean and hard surface and draw a composite sample by the process of quartering as described under para 3 (ii) or 5.
    +(iii) In case of chelated micro-nutrients and mixtures of micro-nutrients, the three identical containers of the batch, grade, type and manufacturer, shall be selected which shall constitute the composite samples, provided it is not possible to draw a composite sample of the size given under para 4A (iii)."
    + Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93

    "4A. Weight of one sample 
    One sample of fertiliser shall have the approximate weight, as specified below:-
    (i) For straight micro-nutrient fertilizers- 100gms.
    (ii)For chelated micro-nutrient fertilisers 50gms or the maximum
    and mixtures of micro-nutreints packing size of
    similar quantity 
    (iii)For other fertilizer and mixtures of fertilizers 400 gms."
    5. Preparation of composite sample
    If the composite sample collected from the different selected bags is larger than required weight, its size shall be reduced by method of quartering as detailed below:-
    Spread the composite sample on a level, clean, hard surface, flatten it out and divide it into four equal parts. Remove any diagonally opposite parts. Mix the tow remaining parts together to form a cone, flatten out the cone and repeat the operation of quartering till a composite sample of required weight is obtained. 
    6. Preparation of test sample and reference sample
    (i) The composite sample obtained above shall be spread out on a clean, hard surface and divided into three approximately equal portions + each of the weight as specified in Para 4A. Each of these samples shall constitute the test sample. 
    (ii) Each test sample shall be immediately transferred to a suitable * container as defined under para 1(e). The slip with detailed description may be put inside the sample bag. Each bag shall also be properly labeled as mentioned in para 1(f)
    (iii)Each test sample container shall then be sealed with the seals of the inspector. If possible, seal of the manufacture/importer/dealer or purchaser as the case may be, may also be affixed.
    (iv) One sample so sealed shall be sent to the Incharge of the Laboratory notified by the State Government under clause 29 or Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training institute, Faridabad * or Regional Fertilizer Control Laboratories at Bombay, Madras or Kalyani (Calcutta) for analysis and the second given to the manufacturer or importer dealer or the purchaser as the case may be. The third sample shall constitute the reference sample and shall be sent by the inspector to his next higher authority for keeping in safe custody for production in court, if required.
    7. Sampling from the bulk fertilisers in ships, bulk carriers and bulk containers.
    (i) Sampling equipments
    (a) Sampling cup
    The sampling cup can be fabricated from non-corrosive metal. Inside dimensions of cup mouth may be 3/4" X 10" as per he diagram of the sampling cup given in Figure -1.
    * Inserted Vide notification 498 (E) of dt.29.6.89
    + Vide S.O.354(E) dt. 3.6.1993
    (b) Sampling probe for bulk fertilizers.
    The sampling probe should be made of non-corrodable material such as stainless steel or brass. It may be slotted double tube with solid cone tip having a length of about 4 1/2'-5' and diameter of about 1 1/4" to 1 1/2".
    (c) Scoop
    Samples from the hatch can also be collected by suitable scoop made of stainless steel or brass.
    (ii) Sampling procedure
    (a) Drawal of samples from the ship of bulk fertilisers
    A. Sampling from conveyor belt. 
    When the material is unloaded from the ships and transported to temporary/storage godowns through conveyor belts, the sample can be drawn by passing the sampling cup through the entire stream of material as the material drops from a transfer belt or spout. The long slot in the top of sampling cup should be perpendicular to the falling stream. pass the cup through the complete stream at a uniform speed, so that the cup will collect approximately equal amounts in each pass but will never overflow.
    A minimum of 10 equally timed and speed stream must be taken during the transfer operation. However, the stream samples are not applicable unless uniform continuous flow of fertilizer is maintained for more than 3 minutes while lot is being sampled. 
    + Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 8.6.93
    B. Sampling from hatch.
    In case of bulk fertilisers, from each hatch, atleast 5-6 composite samples should be drawn from differnt depths and different points during unloading operation. To make one composite sample, minimum 5 samples should be drawn from different points at a specific depth. All these samples should be mixed to make one composite sample. The depths may be 0-5 m,5-10m, 10-15m, 15-20 m and 20-25 m depending upon the depth of hatch. The samples at a particular depth should be drawn after removal of material upto the required depth. The samples may be drawn with the help of sampling probe or scoop.
    (b) Drawal of samples from bulk carriers-trucks etc. 
    The sample can be drawn as per vertical probing procedure of Association of Official Analytical Chemists. The sampling probe should be about 4 1/2' to 5' length. Draw 10 Vertical cuts from the following locations relative to the entire top of the conveyance. The 10 vertical cores are combined into a composite sample. 
    7 4 8
    3 1 2 5
    10 6 9
    (c) Drawal of samples from bulk material in storage.
    (A) The bulk storage piles (level or flat) upto 100 tonnes could be sampled as per Figure 2. Take 10 cores to the maximum possible depth of the probe from the position indicated in the Figure 2 and all cores are composited.
    (B) A one sided or slopped pile may be sampled at the points illustrated in Figure3. Withdraw one vertical core of material from location 1 & 6 and two cores at locations 2, 3,4 & 5 composite all the probe samples and prepare the composite sample for analysis as per procedure laid down in para 1,5 & 6.
    (Figure 2- Sample points for coned or ridged pile)
    8. Method of sampling of anhydrous ammonia
    (i) Scope 
    This method is for use in obtaining samples of anhydrous ammonia. The method is based on the assumption that the material to be sampled is as claimed and contains only a small amount of impurity primarily water. It is recommended that duplicate samples be taken from each tank or vessel sampled. 
    (ii) Apparatus
    (a) Tubes for sampling tubes, heat resistant glass, conical centrifuge type 200ml with lower 100 ml graduated from 0.2 ml in 0.05 ml divisions, 2-4 ml in 0.1 division, 4-10 ml in 0.5 ml divisions and 10-100 ml in 1.0mldivisions. Tube type is shown in figure 5.
    (b) Stoppers for tubes, rubber, with bent tube vent as in Figures 5.
    (c) Samples carrier, constructed of plywood or aluminum as in Figure 5.
    (d) Sampling line and connection assembly constructed as in Figure 4, with flexible steel sampling nose 48" long, 1/4" NPT coupling at each end and 1/8" insulated steel tubing delivery tip at one end. 
    (e) Sample tube adapter, constructed from rubber stopper and 6mm D. D. glass or steel tubing as in Figure 5.
    (f) Protective equipment: Rubber or other non-porous gloves, offering complete protection to the hands lower arms, full coverage goggles or approved gas mask.( Figure 4)
    (iii)Reagents
    Charcoal, reagent, 14-20 mesh.
    Note: If the sample is expected to contain excessive amount of water (one per cent or more) one piece of the charcoal may be added to each tube before introduction of the sample
    (iv) Procedure
    (a) Place two dry, clean sampling tubes in the sample carrier
    (b) Connect the sampling line connection assembly to the unloading valve of the tank, vessel, or line to be sampled.
    (c) Open the valves slowly and purge the sampling line connection assembly thoroughly by venting 3 to 4 liters of ammonia. Close the sample line globe valve. 
    (d) Remove the vented stoppers from the tubes and insert the adopter end of the sampling line connection assembly.
    (e) Open the sample line valve and slowly fill the sampling tube to the100ml mark, close the sample line valve.
    (f) Remove the sampling line adopter and insert the vented stopper in the sampling tube.
    (g) Repeat steps, d, e, and f and fill the second tube. 
    (h) close tank discharge valve and remove the sampling line connection assembly. 
    (i) Either know or note the vessel, container, or line pressure of material sampled.
    (j) Tag the collected samples for identification and submit to the laboratory for processing by following methods in this section 
    (v) Precaution
    (a) Liquid anhydrous ammonia causes severe burns on contact. It evaporates readily releasing the gas which may cause varying degrees of irritation of the skin and mucus membrane and may injure severely the respiratory mucosa with possible fatal outcome.
    (b) Avoid contacting liquid ammonia. In case of contact, immediately flush the affected parts with plenty of water for atleast 15 minutes. Get medical attention at once in case of burns, especially to the eyes, nose and throat, or if the victim is unconscious. 
    (c) Ammonium gas in concentrations of 6,000 to 10,000 ppm (by volume) is lethal within a few minutes. Irrigation of the eyes, respiratory tract and throat results from concentrations as low as 500 to 1,000 ppm' a concentration of 2,000 ppm produces convulsive coughing and may be fatal after a short exposure i.e. less than half an hour. The maximum concentration tolerated by the skin for more than few seconds is 2 per cent (i.e. when suitable respiratory protection is worm) The maximum allowable concentration for 8 hour working exposure is 50 ppm. This is the least detectable order. 
    (d) Obtain medical attention if exposure to the gas produce distress of any type.
    (e) Rubber or other no porous gloves, offering complete protection to the hands and lower arms must also be worn when sampling anhydrous ammonia . Full coverage goggles must also be worn to protect the eyes unless an approved gas mask is used. The gas mask need only to be used if sampling can not be done without possible inhalation of the vapours. 













    PART B
    METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF FERTILISERS
    1. Preparation of sample for analysis in the laboratory
    (i) Procedure
    (a) Reduce gross sample to quantity sufficient for analysis or grind not < 250 gm. of reduced sample without previous sieving.
    (b) For fertiliser materials and moist fertiliser mixtures, that form a paste on putting pressure, grind in porcelain pestle and mortar to pass sieve with 1mm circular openings or No. 20 standard sieve. 
    (c) For dry mixtures that tend to segregate, grind in a porcelain pestle and mortar to pass No. 40 standard sieve.
    (d) Grind as rapidly as possible to avoid loss or gain of moisture during operation.
    (e) Mix thoroughly and store in tightly stoppered bottles. 
    2. Determination of moisture
    (Not applicable to samples that yield volatile substances other than water at drying temperature)
    (i) Procedure
    (a) Weigh to the nearest mg about 2gm of the prepared sample in a weighed, clean, dry squat form weighing bottle. 
    (b) Heat in an oven for about 5 hours at 99-101 C to constant weight Cool in a desicator and weigh.
    (c) In case of sodium nitrate ammonium sulphate and potassium salts heat to constant weight at 129-131 C
    (d) Report percentage loss in weight as moisture at temperature used.
    Calculations
    Free moisture per cent by weight = 100(B-C)
    B-A
    A = Weight of the bottle
    B = Weight of the bottle plus material before drying
    C = Weight of the bottle plus material after drying
    (Reference- Methods of Analysis. AOAC. 1965).

    (ii) Moisture in ammonium chloride
    (a) Weigh accurately about 5 gm of prepared sample in a weighed shallow porcelain dish and dry for 24 hours in a vacuum desicator over sulphuric acid and re-weight.
    (b) Preserve the dried material for subsequent tests.

    Calculations

    Moisture per cent by weight = 100 x W1
    W3
    W1= loss in weight in gm on drying, and 
    W3= weight in gm of the prepared sample taken for the test.
    (iii) Samples like urea, diammonium phosphate and ammonium nitrate which yield volatile substances other than water at drying temperature, the Karl Fischer method given below is used for the determination of moisture.
    (iv) Reagents
    (a) Iodine solution- Add 125 gm of iodine to a mixture of 650 ml. of methanol and 200 ml. of pyridine contained in a flask, and immediately close the flask tightly.
    (b) Sulphur dioxide solution- Pass dry sulphur dioxide into 100 ml. of pyridine contained in a 250 ml. graduated cylinder and cooled in an ice bath, until the volume reaches 200 ml.
    (c) Fisher Reagent- Slowly add iodine solution to the cooled sulphur dioxide solution sopper immediately and shake well until the iodine is dissolved. Transfer the solution to an automatic pipette, protected from absorption of moisture by a drying agent and allow to stand for 24 hours before standardising. The reagent deteriorates continuously and it should be standardized wi8thinb one hour before use.
    (d) Standard water solution- Measure exactly 2ml. of water into a throughly dry 1 litre volumetric flask, dilute to volume with methanol. Retain sufficient quantity of the same methanol for blank determination. Keep the solution in tightly closed containers.
    (v) Procedure
    (a) Determination of end point in Karl Fischer Titration- In many cases, the end point can be detected visually by the change of colour from a light brownish yellow to amber. But when the end point is not clearly defined, the electrometric method for determining the end point should be adopted. Adjust the potentiometer so that when a small excess (0.002 ml.) of the reagent is present, a current of 50 to 150 microampers is recorded. The solution should be continuously and vigorously stirred. At the beginning of the titration, a current of only a few microampers will flow. After each addition of regent, the pointer of the micrometer deflected but rapidly returns to the original position. At the end point a deflection is obtained which endures for a longer period.
    (b) Standarsdizatio9n of the Fischer reagent- Pipette exactly 10 ml. of methanol into a dry titration flask and titrate with the Fischer reagent to the end point (V1). Pipette exactly 10 ml. of the standard water solution into the flask and titrate to the end point (V2).
    (c) Titration of the material-Transfer 25 ml. of methanol to the titration flask and titrate to the end point ((V3) with the Fischer reagent. Do not record the volume consumed. Quickly transfer to the titrated liquid an accurately weighed quantity of the material containing 10 to 50 mg. of water, stir vigorously and titrate tod the end point.
    Calculation

    Moisture per cent by weight = 0.1 X W(V3 – 2.5 V1)
    (V2 – V1) A

    where
    W= weight in mg of water contained in 10 ml. of standard water solution.
    V3= Total volume in ml of the reagent used in titration in (c).
    V1= volume in ml. of reagent; used in titration of methanol in (b)and 
    V2= total volume in ml of the reagent used in titration in (b) 
    A= weight in gm. of the material taken for the test ;in (c).
    (Reference- I.S. Specification for urea, technical and pure, I.S.1781-1961)

    3. Determination of nitrogen
    Methods of determination of total nitrogen, ammoniacal nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and urea nitrogen have been described separately in this section. These methods can be adopted both for straight and mixed fertilizers. Scope of each method with various combinations have also been described with each method.

    The relevant methods of analysis which have been described are as given below:-

    (a) Total nitrogen-for nitrate free samples.
    (b) Total nitrogen – for nitrate containing samples.
    (c) Total nitrogen—for materials with high Cl:NO3 ratio and to materials containing only water soluble nitrogen.
    (d) Determination of ammoniacal nitrogen.
    (e) Determination of ammoniacal and nitrate nitrogen.
    (f) Determination of nitrate nitrogen.
    (g) Determination of water insoluble nitrogen.
    (h) Determination of urea nitrogen.
    (i) Detection of nitrate.

    For adopting a specific method as described above, it is necessary to9 detect the presence of nitrates in the sample before a particular method is adopted. The procedure for detection of nitrates is given below:-
    (a) Mix 5 gm sample with 25 ml. hot water and filter.
    (b) To one volume of this solution add 2 volume of sulphuric acid, free from HNO3 and oxide of N, and let it cool.
    (c) Add a few drops of concentrated FeSO4 solution in such a manner that fluids do not mix.
    (d) If the nitrates are present junction shows at first purple., afterward brown, or if only minute quantity is present, reddish colour.
    (e) To another portion of the solution add 1 ml. 1 per cent Na NO3 and test as before to determine whether enough H2SO4 was added in the first test.
    (Reference – Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965).

    (ii) Reagents for determination of total nitrogen

    (a) Sulphuric acid—93-98 percent H2SO4 N free
    (b) Copper sulphate – Cu SO4 5H2O reagent grade. N free
    (c) Potassium sulphate (or anhydrous sodium sulphate)- reagent grade.
    (d) Salicylic acid- reagent grade, N free
    (e) Sulphide or thiosulphate solution-Dissolve 40 gm commercial K2S in 1 litre distilled water.
    (Solution-of 40 gm Na2S or 80 gm Na2S2O3.5H2O in 1 litre may be used).
    (f) Sodium Hydroxide – Pellets or solution, nitrate free for solution dissolve approximately 450 g;m solid NaOH in distilled water and dilute to 1 liltre (Sp.gr. of solution should be 1.36 or higher). 
    (g) Zinc granule – reagent grade.
    (h) Zinc dust- Impalpable powder.
    (i) Methyl red indicator-Dissolve 1 gm. methyl red in 200 ml. alcohol.
    (j) Hydrochloric or sulphuric acid standard solution- 0.5 N or 0.1 N when amount of N is small.
    (k) Sodium hydroxide standard solution- 0.1N (or other specified concentration)

    (1) Standardize each standard solution with primary standard and check one against another.
    (2) Test reagents before using, by blank determination with 2 gm. sugar insures partial reduction of any nitrates present 

    Caution: - Use freshly opened sulphuric acid or add dry P2O5 to avoid hydrolysis of nitrites and cyanates. Ratio of salt to acid (wt: Vol) should be approximately 1:1 at end of digestion for proper temperature control. Digestion may be incomplete at lower ratio, N may be lost at higher Ratio.

    (iii) Apparatus

    (a) For digestion - Use Kjeldahl flask of hard moderately thick, well annealed glass with total capacity approximately 500-800 ml. Conduct digestion over heating device,. adjusted to bring 250 ml. water at 25oC to rolling boil in approximately for 5 minutes. Add 3- 4 boiling chips to prevent superheating.
    (b) For distillation – Use Kjeldahl or other suitable flask of 500 –800 ml. capacity filled with rubber stopper through which passes. lower end of efficient scrubber bulb or trap to prevent mechanical carryover of NaOH during distillation . Connect upper end of bulb tube to condenser tube by rubber tubing. Trap outlet of condenser in such a way as to insure complete absorption of ammonia distilled over into acid in receiver.

    (iv) Total nitrogen (in nitrate free samples)

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Place weighed sample(0.7--2.2 gm.) in digestion flask. 
    (2) Add 0.7 gm. list of copper Sulphate, 15 gm. powdred K2SO4 at anhydrous Na2 SO4. and 25 ml. H2SO4.
    (3) If sample more than 2.2 gm. is used, increase sulphuric acid by 10 ml. each gm. sample.
    (4) Place flask in inclined position and heat gently until frothing ceases (if necessary add small amount of paraffin to reduce frothing) 
    (5) Boil briskly until solution clears and then for at least 3l0 minutes longer (2 hours for sample containing organic material).
    (6) Cool add approximately 200 ml. distilled water, cool below 25oC.
    (7) Add to the flask a layer of sodium hydroxide (25 gm. solid regent or enough solution to make contents strongly alkaline) without agitation.
    (8) Immediately connect flask to distilling bulb or condenser and with tip of condenser immerse in standard acid in receiver.
    (9) Rotate flask to mix contents thoroughly, then heat until all amonia has distilled (at least 150 ml. distillate).
    (10) Titrate excess standard acid in distillate with standard sodium hydroxide solution, using methyl red as an indicator.
    (11) Correct for blank determination on reagents.

    Calculation

    Per cent nitrogen = (ANa – BNb x 0.01401 x 100
    W

    A = ml. of standard acid used.
    B = ml. of standard NaOH used.
    Na= Normalidty of standard acid
    Nb= Normality of standard NaOH
    W = Weight of the sample taken in grams.
    (Reference—Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965)

    (v) Total nitrogen (for nitrate containing samples)

    (Note applicable to samples containing high concentrations of nitrate nitrogen and chlorides)

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Place weighted sample(0.7—2.2 gm.) in digestion flask .
    (2) Add 40 ml. H2SO4 containing 2 grams salicylic acid. Shake until throughly mixed and let stand with occasional shaking- 30 minutes or more.

    (3) Then add (i) 5 grams Na2 S2 O3 .5H2 O or (ii) 2 grams zinc dust ( as impalpable powder not granulated zinc or fillings ).

    (4) Shake the flask and let it stand for five minutes. then heat over lowflame until forthing ceases.
    (5) Turn off heat, add 0.7 grams copper sulphate. 15 gm powered K2SO4 ( for anhydrous Na2SO4). and boil briskly until solution clears. then at least 30 minutes longer (2 hours for samples containing organic material).
    Proceed further as in 6-11 of 3 (iv)

    Calculations

    Same as in 3 (iv)
    (Reference- Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965).

    (vi) Total nitrogen ( for materials with high Cl:NO3 ratio and to materials containing only water soluble nitrogen)

    (a) Reagents

    Reduced iron powder, electrically reduced, N.F.(National Formulary). For other reagents see 3 (ii)
    (b) procedure 

    Mixed fertilizers

    (1) Place 0.5-2.0 gm. sample in Kjeldahl flask and add 2-5 grams reduced Fe (5 gms. is enough for 0.185 grams NO3).
    (2) Add approximately 25ml. distilled water, rotating flask at angle to wash down the sample.
    (3) Let it stand for 15 minutes with occasional agitation, to insure complete solution of all soluble salts.
    (4) While rotating flask add 25 ml. cold H2SO4 (1 +1) and let it stand until visible reaction ceases, (Use hood or vented digestion unit).
    (5) Add boiling chips and boil 15-20 minutes, but do not take to dryness. (For samples containing organic matter, use 50 ml. cold H2 SO4 (1+1), boil for 15-20 minutes, add 0.7 gm. rigO and heat again for 40 minutes). Cool and proceed further as in 6-11 of 3 (iv) .
    Calculations

    Same as in 3 (iv)

    (Reference- Methods of Analysis. AOAC. 1965).

    (vii) Determination of ammonical nitrogen (Distillation Method)

    (This method is for the determination if nitrogen present or available in the sample as ammonium ion . This method assumes that Urea is absent from the sample. Not applicable to Mg NH4PO4 and Fe NH4PO4).

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Place 0.7-3.5 grams; according to HN3 content of the sample, in distillation flask with approximately 300 ml. water and 2 grams of freshly ignited carbonate free MgO or NaOH solution.
    (2) Connect the flask to condenser by Kjeldahl connecting bulb.
    (3) Distill 100 ml. liquid into measured quantity of standard acid and titrate with standard NaOH solution, using methyl red as an indicator.


    Calculations

    Per cent nitrogen = (ANa-BNb ) x 0.01 401 x 100
    W
    A = ml. of standard acid used.
    B = ml. of standard NaOH.
    Na= normality of acid. 
    Nb= normality of NaOH.
    W = weight of the sample taken in grams.

    (Reference- recommended analytical methods of the National Plant Food Institute, Washington. D.C.1961).

    (viii) Determination of ammoniacal and nitrate nitrogen (Devarda Method)



    (This method is for the determination of total nitrogen when only nitrate or mixture of nitrate and ammoniacal nitrogen is present. This method assumes the absence of urea, calcium cyanamide and organic matter from the sample).

    (a) Proceddure

    (1) Place 0.35-0.5 gms. sample in 600-700 ml. flask and add 300 ml. water, 3 grams Devarda Alloy, and 5 ml. NaKOH solution (42) per cent by weight pouring later down side of flask so that it does not mix at once with contains).



    (2) Allow the flask to stand for 15 minutes .
    (3) By means of Davision ( J.Ind. Eng. Chem. 11,465.(1919) or other suitable scrubbing bulb, that will prevent passing over of any spry, connect with condencer, tip of which always extends beneath surface of standard acid in receiving flask.
    (4) Mix contents of distilling flask by rotating.
    (5) Heat slowly at first, and then at a rate to yield 250 ml. distillate in 1 hour.
    (6) Collect distillate in measured quantity of standard acid and titrate with standard NaOOH solution, using methyl red as an indicator.
    (7) In analysis of nitrate salts dissolve 3.5 or 5.0 grams in water, dto 250 ml. and use 25 ml. aliquot.

    Calculations

    Same as in 3(iv).
    (Reference – Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965).

    (ix) Determination of nitrate nitrogen.

    (Applicable in presents of calcium cyanamide and urea in the mixture)

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Determine total nitrogen as in 3 (v)
    (2) Determine water insoluble N as in 3 (x) but use 2.5 grams sample. Dilute to 250 ml.
    (3) Determine ammoniacal N in 50 ml. filtrate as in (vii)
    (4) Place another 50 ml. portion filtrate in 500 ml. Kjeldahl flask and 2 grams. FeSO4. 7H2O and 20 ml. H2SO4. (If total N is 5 per cent use 5 gm. FeSO4. 7H2O). Digest over hot flame until all water is evaporated and while fumes appear and continue digestion at least 10 minutes to drive off nitrate N. If severe bumping occurs, add 10-15 glass beads. Add 0.65 grams Hg. or 0.7 grams HgO and digest solution land complete determination as 3 (iv). Before distillation and pinch of mixture of zinc dust and granular "20 mesh", zinc to each flask to prevent bumping.

    Calculations

    Total N(a)- water insoluble N (b)- water soluble N. Water Sol N-N obtained in (d)- nitrate N.
    (Reference – Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965).

    (x) Determination of water insoluble nitrogen

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Place 1 or 1.4 grams sample in 50 ml. beaker, wet with alcohol.
    (2) Add 20 ml. water and let it stand for 15 minutes stirring occasionally .
    (3) Transfer supernatant liquid to 11 cm. Whatman No.42 paper in 60o long steam funnel 2.5" diameter and was residue 4 or 5 times by decanting with water ;at room temperature (20-25oC).
    (4) Finally transfer all residue to filter and complete washing until filtrate measures 250 ml. 
    (5) Determine N as in 3 (iv).

    (xi) Determination of urea nitrogen 

    (This method is for the determination of urea content of any mixed fertilizers).

    (a) Reagents

    (1) Neutral urease solution –shake 1 gm. jack boan meal with 100 ml. water for 5 minutes, transfer 10 ml. solution to 250 ml. Erlenmeyer flask, dilute with 50 ml. water and add 4 drops methyl purple indicator. Tiltrate with 0.1 N HC1 to reddish purple, then back titrate to green with 0.1 N NaOH. From difference in ml., calculate amount of 0.1 N HC1 required to neutralize remainder of solution (usually approximately 2.5 ml. per 100 ml.) add this amount of acid and shake well

    (b) Prodcedure

    (1) Weight 10 + 0.01 gm. sample and transfer to 15 cm. Whatman No.12 fluted filter paper. 
    (2) Leach with approximately 300 ml. water into 500 ml. volumetric flask.
    (3) Add 75-100 ml. saturated barium hydroxide solution to precipitated phosphate.
    (4) Let it settle and taste for complete precipitation with few drops 
    of saturated barium hydroxide solution.
    (5) Add 20 ml. 10 per cent Sodium Carbonate solution to precipitated excess barium and any soluble calcium salts .
    (6) Let it settle and test for complete precipitation. 
    (7) Dilute to volume, mix and filter through 15 cm. . Whatman No.12 fluted paper.
    (8) Transfer 50 ml. aliquot ( equivalent to 1 gm. sample) to 200 or 250 ml. Erlenmeyer flask and add 1 to 2 drops methyl 1 purple indicator.
    (9) Acidify solution with 2N HCl and add 2 to 3 drops excess.
    (10) Neutralize solution with 0.1 N NaOH to first change in colour indicator. 
    (11) Add 20 ml. neutral urease solution, close flask with rubber stopper and let it stand for 1 hour at 20-25oC.
    (12) Cool the flask in ice water slurry and titrate at once with 0.1 N HCl to full purple colour, then add approximately 5 ml. excess.
    (13) Record total volume added, back titrate excess HCL with 0.1 N NaOH to neutral end point.

    Calculations

    Percentage Urea = (ml. 0.1 N HCL - ml 0.1 N NaOH) x 0.3003 wt. of sample
    (Reference- Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965)

    (xii) Determination of biurer 

    (a) Reagents 

    (1) Alkaline tartarate solution- Dissolve 40 gm. Na OH in 50 ml. water. cool, add 50 gm. of NaKC4H4O6.4H2O and diludte to 1 litre. Let it stand for one day before use.

    (2) Copper sulphate solution-Dissolve 15 gm. CuSO2,5H2O in CO2 free water and dilute to 1 litre.

    (3) Biuret st;andard solution- 1 mg./ml. Dissolve 100 mg. reagent grade biuret in CO2 free water and dilute to 100 ml.

    (4) Ion exchange resign. Fill 50 ml. burette with 30 cm. column of Amberlite IR 120 (H) resin. on glass wool plug. Regenerate column after each use by passing 100 ml. H2 SO4 (1+4) through the column approximately 5 ml. per minute and then washing with water until pH of effluent is 6.0.




    (b) Preparation of standard curve

    (1) Transfer series of aliquotes, 2-50 ml. of standard biuret solution to 100 ml. volumetric flask.
    (2) Adjust volume to approximately 50 ml. with CO2 free water. Add one drop of methyl red and neutrelize with 0.1 NH2 so4 to pink colour.

    (3) Add with swirling 2 0 ml. alkaline tartarate solution and then 20 ml.CuSO4 solution.
    (4) Dilute to volume. Shake for 10 seconds and place in water bath for 15 minutes at 30 + 5oC

    (5) Also prepare reagent blank.
    (6) Determine absorbance of each solution against blank at 555 mw (instrument with 500-570 mw filter is also satisfactory with 2-4 cm. cell and plot standard curve.

    (c) Procedure

    A. In urea

    (1) Stir continuously 2-5 gm sample in 100 ml. approximately 50oC water for 30 minutes.
    (2) Filter and wash into 250 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume.
    (3) Transfer 25 ml. aliquot to 100 ml. volumetric flask and proceed as given under preparation of standard curve 3 (xii)

    (B) In mixed fertilizers 

    (1) Stir continuously 10-20 gm. sample in 150 ml. approximately (50oC) hot water for 30 minutes.
    (2) Filter and wash into 250 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume.
    (3) Transfer 25 ml. aliquot to column 3 (xii) (a) (4) and adjust flow to 4-5 ml./minute
    (4) Receive eluate in 100 ml. beaker.
    (5) When liquid level falls to top of resin bed, wash with two 25 ml portion water.
    (6) To eluate and washings add two drops of methyl rate and then 0.1 N NaO H to yellow colour.
    (7) Add 0.1 NH2 SO4 until solution just turns pink
    (8) Transfer to 100 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume with CO2 free water.
    (9) Transfer 50 ml. aliquot to 100 ml. volumetric flask and proceed as in preparation of standard curve given above.

    Calculations

    From standard curve determine concentration of biuret in final dilution, then per cent of 

    biuret = C X 100
    W
    Where C = Concentration in mg/ml. of biuret in final dilution 
    obtained from standard curve 
    W= Concentration of original sample in final dilution 
    expressed mg./ml.

    (Reference – Methods of Analysis, AOAC, 1965).

    (xiii) Determination of free acidity in ammonium sulphate (as H2SO4)

    (a) Reagents

    (1) Standard Sodium Hydroxide solution – 0.02 N.
    (2) Methyl red indicator – dissolve 0.15 gm. of water soluble methyl red in 500 ml. water.
    (3) Methyl red – methyl blue mixed indicator solution – prepared by mixing equal volumes of 0.2 per cent solution in rectified sprit of methyl red and 0.1 per cent solution in rectified spirit of methylene blue. 

    (b) Procedure

    (1) Dissolve about 20 gm of prepared sample, accurately weighed in about 50 ml. cold natural water.
    (2) Filter and make up the volume to about 200 ml. 
    (3) Titrate with standard sodium hydroxide solution, using one or two drops of methyl red as indicator.
    (4) If satisfactory end point with methyl red is not opened, methylene red 
    -methelene blue mixed indicator may be used .


    (5) Use preferably a micro biurete for this titration. The filtering medium shall be natural and shall not contain any alkaline material which would neutralize free acid.
    Calculations

    Free acidity as H2SO4 per cent by weight = 4.904 AN


    A = Volulme of ml. of standard NaOH solution.
    N =Normality of standard NaOH solution 
    W = Weight in gm. of prepared sample taken for the paste.
    (Reference- Specifications for ammonium sulphate, fertilizer grade IS:826-1967).
    (xiv) Determination of arsenic in ammonium sulphate(A2 O3).

    (a) Reagents

    (1) Lead acetate solution – prepare 10 per cent solution of lead acetate with sufficient acetic acid added to clear the solution.

    (2) Dry lead acetate paper – Cut filter paper ( Whatman No.1 or equivalent) into strips 70 X 50 mm and keep them permanently suspended inl lead acetate solution in a glass stoppered bottle. Before use, taken out the strips and dry them in an atmosphere free from hydrogen sulphide.

    (3) Mercuric bromide solution-Dissolve 5 gm of mercuric bromide in 100 ml. rectified spirit.

    (4) Sensitized mercuric bronmide paper strips-cut filter paper (Whatman No.1 or equivalent) into strips 120 x 2.5 mm keep the strips permanently suspended in dark in a glass stoppered cylinder or amber bottle having mercuric bromide solution. Before use take out a strips press it between seeds of filter paper and dry it in an at mosphere free from hydrogen sulphide .

    (5) Dilute sulphuric acid – approximately 5N.

    (6) Concentrated Hydrochloric acid .

    (7) Potassium Iodide solution - 15 per cent.

    (8) Stannous chloride solution – Dissolve 80 gm. of stannous chloride in 100 ml. water containing 5 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid. If the solution is turbid add a few more ml. of hydrochloric acid and boil until clear solution is obtained., Add some metallic tin to the solution to prevent oxidation

    (9) Zinc- It is recommended that zinc rods prepared as described below should be used for routine work, however, pellets described may be used. 

    (b) Preparation of zinc rods .

    (1) Take a clean and dry hard glass test tube of 10 mm. internal diameter and 20 cm. length.
    (2) Heat the test tube over a flame of bunsen or blow pipe burner add slowly arsenic free granulated zinc in small portions ( 1 to 2 gm. at a time). The next portion being added after the first one has completely melted. 

    (3) Continue heating and adding zinc until the melt is about 10 cm. high. 

    (4) Heat the clean melt for half an hour and then cool to room temperature.

    (5) Break the tube to obtain the rod of zinc.

    (6) Cut rod into pieces 20 mm. long.

    (7) Coat the plane ends of the pieces with a paste of magnesium carbonate and gum arabic solution and dry.

    (8) Coat the pieces all over 1.5 mm. thick layer of paraffin wax.

    (9) When required for use, scrap off the wax from the plane ends with a knife, protecting wax colour round the rods.

    (10) Remove the paste from the plane ends by soaking in water and activate the exposed surface by dipping in a solution containing one part of stannous chloride solution and seven parts of concentrated hydrochloric acid.

    (c) Preparation of zinc pellets

    Treat zinc shots passing through IS sieve 570(aperture 5660 microns) and retained on IS sieve 280 (aperture 2818 microns) with concentrated hydrochloric acid until the surface of zinc becomes clean and dull. Weigh and keep under water, preventing contamination with dust.

    (d) Standard sodium hydroxide solution – approximately 20 per cent .

    (e) Standard arscnic trioxide solution .

    (1) Dissolve 1.0 gm. of resublimed arsenic trioxide (AS2O3) in 25 ml. sodium hydroxide solution and neutralize with dilute sulphuric acid.

    (2)` Dilute with freshly distilled water containing 10 ml. of concentrated sulphuric acid per litre and make up the volume to 1 litre . 

    (3) Again dilute 10 ml. of this solution to 1 litre with water containing sulphuric acid and finally dilute 100 ml. of this solution to 1 litre with water containing sulphuric acid. One ml. of this solutions contains 0.001 mg. of arsenic trioxide (AS2O3). The dilute solution shall be prepared freshly when required.

    (f) Procedure

    (1) Dissolve 1.0 gm. of the prepared sample in 20 ml. water.


    (2) Place dry lead acetate paper in the lower portion of the tube B (in figure 6 )and glass wool moistened with lead acetate solution in its proper portion.

    (3) Place the sensitized strips of mercuric bromide paper in tube A and connect the tubes together with a rubber stopper.

    (4) Introduce the solution of the material in to the bottle C (120 ml.) and than add 10 ml. of dilute sulphuric acid. Add 0.5 ml. of stannous chloride solution 5 ml. potassium iodide solution and make up the volume with water to about 50 ml.

    Figure 6 – Modified Gutzet method of test for arsenic

    (5) Mix the contains and drop about 10 gm. of zinc. Immediately fit in position the rubber stopper carrying the tube B.

    (6) Place the bottle in a warm place at about 40oC.

    (7) At the end of two hours remove the test strip by means of tweezers.

    (8 Carry out the test prescribed above using a volume of standard arsenic trioxide solution containing 0.1 of arsenic trioxide in solution 

    (9) The limit prescribed in the material specification shall be taken as not having been exceeded if the length of the stain as well as the intensity of its colour produced in the test with the material is not greater than those produced with the arsenic solution.

    (Reference 0- Modified Gutzet Method of test for arsenic, IS- 2088, 1962)

    (xv) Determination of calcium nitrate (for calcium ammonium nitrate and nitrophosphates) 

    (a) Reagents
    (1) N-Amyl Alchohol
    (2) Dilute hydrochloric acid-approximately 4 N
    (3) Standard Calcium solution—weigh 1.0 gm. of calcium carbonate dried at 120o + 5oC and dissolve in the minimum quantity of dilute hydrochloric acid. Dilute solution to 1 litre in a graduated flask.
    (4) Ammonium chloride—ammonium hydroxide buffer solution. Dissolve 67.5 gm. ammonium hydroxide in a mixture of 570 ml. of ammonium hydroxide (sp.gr.0.92) and 250 ml. water. Also dissolve separately a mixture of 0.931 gm. of disodium ethylene diamine tetra—acetate dihydrate and 0.616 gm. of magnesium sulphate (Mg.SO4 7H2 O) in about 50 ml. of water. Mix the two solution and dilute to 1 litre.
    (5) Standard disodium ethylene diamine tetra—acetate (EDTA) solution—weigh 3.72 gm. of disodium, ethylene diamine tetra-acetate dihydrate lin water, and dilute in a graduated flask to 1 litre. The solution shall be standardized frequently against standard calcium solution following the procedure given below.
    (6) Eriochrome black—T Indicator solution0—Dissolve 0.1 gm. in 20 ml. of rectified spirit. The solution shall be used for not more than a week.




    (b) Procedure

    (1) Grind quickly about 5 gm. of the material, accurately weighed, with about 50 ml. of amyl alcohol in a pestle and mortar and transfer the contents to a conical flask
    (2) Wash the pestle and mortar with a few ml. of amyl alcohol and add the washings to the flask.
    (3) Shake the contents of the flask manually or in a mechanical shaker for about half an hour and then filter.
    (4) Transfer the filtrate to a separating funnel and extract calcium nitrate completely width water in five to six instalments.
    (5) A few drops of dilute hydrochloric acid may be added during the extraction with water to avoid formation of an emulsion of amyl alcohol with water.
    (6) Concentrate the water extract at low temperature to nearly half its volume..
    (7) Transfer the concentrated solution to a conical flask, add 5 ml. of ammonium chloride—ammonium hydroxide buffer solution, 5 drops of eriochrome black-T indicator solution and titrate against standard EDTA solution to a pure blue end point.


    Calculations

    Calcium Nitrate per cent by weight = 8.2 NV
    W

    Where N = normality of standard EDTA solution
    V= Volume in ml. of standard EDTA solution used in the titration, 
    and
    W=Weight in gm. of the material taken for test.
    (Reference- IS specifications of CAN IS :2409-1963)

    (xvi) Determination of chlorides other than ammonium chloride

    (a) Reagents

    (1) Standard silver nitrate solution—0.1 N.
    (2) Concentrated nitric acid—conforming to IS: 264-1950.
    (3) Ferrous ammonium sulphate solution saturated in water and stabilized by addition of 50 ml. nitric acid.
    (4) Standard ammonium thiocyanate solution—0.1N

    (b) Procedure
    .
    (1) Dissolve about 0.2 gm. of the prepared sample, previously dried as in procedure for determination of moisture and accurately weighed, in about 40 ml. water.
    (2) Add exactly 50 ml. of standard silver nitrate solution and 5 ml. of concentrated nitric acid.
    (3) Add 0.5 ml. of nitrobenzene and make up the volume of the mixture to exactly 100 ml. with water.
    (4) Take exactly 50 ml. of the solution and add 2 ml. pf ferric ammonium sulphate solution.
    (5) Titrate the excess of silver nitrate in this portion with standard ammonium thiocyanate solution.
    (6) Carry out a blank test following the procedure given as above but without using the material.

    Calculations

    Total chlorides (as CI) per cent = 7.07 (V1 – V2) N
    by weight ( on dry basic) W

    Where 
    V1= Volume in ml. of standard ammonium thiocynate used in the blank determination. 
    V2= Volume in a ml. of standard ammonium thiocyanate solution used in the test with the material 
    N= Normality of standard ammonium thiocyanate solution.
    W= Weight in gm. of the dried prepared samples taken for the test.

    Express the ammonical Nitrogen content per cent by weight of the material determine earlier in terms of CI as follows:-
    Chloride equilent of the ammonical nitrogen content, per cent by weight= 2.531 x A..............Y

    where A is the ammonical nitrogen content determined earlier balanced chloride equivalent to sodium chloride (NaCI) per cent by weight = 1- 648 x (X-Y)

    (x-y)= Balanced chlorides other than ammonium chloride.
    (Reference –IS Specification for ammonoium chloride fertilizer grade (Revised) IS :1114-1964 calculations modified).

    4. Determination of phosphates

    Methods of determination of total phosphates, water soluble phosphates citrate soluble phosphates, citrate insoluble phosphates and citric acid soluble phosphates have been described separately in this section. These methods are applicable to straight as well as mixed phosphatic fertilizers.


    (j) Preparation of solution of the samples. 
    (Separate methods of preparing solution of the samples have been described according to the nature of the sample).

    (a) Reagent

    Magnesium nitrate solution—Dissolve 950 gm. 
    P—free mg. ( NO3)2.6H2O in water and dilute to 1 litre.

    (b) Procedure

    (1) Treat 1 gm. sample was (A), (B), (C),(D) or (E) method depending on the nature of the sample. 
    (2) Cool solution transfer to 200 to 250 ml. volumetric flask, dilute to volume, mix and filter through dry filter.

    (A) (Suitable for materials containing small quantities of organic matter). Dissolve in 30 ml. HNO3 and 3-5 ml. HCI and boil until organic matter is destroyed.
    (B) (Suitable for fertilizers containing much Fe or A1 phosphate and basic select). Dissolve in 15-30 ml. HC1 and 3-10 ml. HNO 3.
    (C) (Suitable for organic material like cotton seed meal alone or in mixture ). Evaporate with 5 ml. of the mg.(NO3)2 solution, ignite. and dissolve in HC1.
    (D) (Generally applicable to materials or mixtures containing large quantities of organic matter).Boil with 20-30 ml H2 SO4 in 200 ml. flask adding 2-4 gm. . of Na NO3 or KNO3 at beginning of digestion and small quantity after solution is nearly colourless , or adding the nitrate in small portions from time to9 time. When solution is colourless, cool, add 150 ml. water and boil for few minutes. Before adding NaNO3 or KNO3, let mixture digest, at gentle heat if necessary, until violence of reaction is over.

    (E) (Suitable for all fertililzers), Boil gently for 30-45 minutes with 20 - 30 ml. HNO3 in a suitable flask (prefereably a Kjeldahl for samples containing large quantities of organic matter to oxidize all easily oxidizable matter ). Cool and add 10-20 ml. of 70-72 per cent perchloride acid. Boill very gently until solution is colourless or nearly so and while dense fumes appear in flask. Do not boil dryness at any time (danger). (With samples containing large quantities of organic matter temperature should be raised to fuming point approximately 170oC, over a period of 1 hour at least). Cool slightly, add 50 ml. water and boil for few minutes.

    (ii) Gravimetric quinoline, molybdate method for determination of total phosphorus
    (a) Reagents
    (1) Citric molybdic acid reagent-Dissolve 54 gm., 100 per cent molybdic anhydride (MoO3) and 12 gm. NaOH with stirring in 400 ml. hot water and cool Dissolve 60 gm. citric acid and mixture of 140 ml. HC1 and 300 ml. water and cool. Gradually add molybdic solution to citric acid solution with stirring Cool, filter and dilute to 1 litre. (Solution may be green or blue, colour depends on exposure to light). If necessary add 0.5 per cent KBrO3 solution drop by drop until green colour becomes pale. Store in dark in polythylene bottle. 
    (2) Quinoline solution-Dissolve 70 gm.. synthetic quinoline with stirring in mixture of 60 gm. HC1 and 300 ml. water. Cool dilute to litre and filter. Store in polythylene bottle.
    (3) Quimociac reagent- Dissolve 70 gm of sodium molybdate dihydrate in 150 ml. water. Dissolve 60 gm. citric acid in mixture of 85 ml. HNO3 and 150 ml. water and cool. Gradually and molybdate solution to citric acid - nitric acid mixture with stirring . Dissolve 5 ml. synthetic quionoline in mixture of 35 ml. HNO3 and 100 ml. water. 
    Gradually this solution to molybdate citric-nitric acid solution mix and let it stand for 24 hours. Filter, add 28 ml. acetone, dilute to 1 litre with water and mix well. Store in polyethylene bottle. 


    (b)Procedure
    (1) Treat 1 gm. sample as prescribed in 4 (1) and dilute it to 200 ml. 
    (2) Pipette into 500 ml. erlenmeyer flask, aliquot containing not more than 25 mg. P2O5 dilute to approximately 100 ml. with water. Proceed with one of the following methods.
    A. Add 30 ml. citric molybdic acid reagent and boil gently for 3 minutes. (Solution must be precipitate free at this stage). Remove from heat and swirl carefully. Immediately add from burette 10 ml. with quinoline solution with continuous swirling (at first 3-4 ml. dropwise and reminder in steady stream) or 
    B. Add 50 ml.quimociac reagent, cover with watch glass place on hot plate in well ventilated hood, and boil for 1 minute.

    After treatment with A or B cool to room temperature, swirl carefully 3-4 times during cooling, filter into gooach with glass fibre filter paper previously tried at dried at 250oC and weighed, and was five times with 25 ml. portion of water. Dry cruicible and contents for 30 minutes at 250 oC. Cool in desicator to constant weight at as (C9 H7 N)3 H3 PO4, 12MoO3 subtract weight reagent blank. Multiply 0.03 207 to obtain weight of P2O5 Report as per cent P2O5.

    (iii) Determination of water soluble phosphorus 

    (a) Procedure

    (1) Place 1 gm. sample on 9 cm. filter paper and wash with a small portion or water until filterate major approximately 250 ml. 
    (2) Let each portion pass through filter before adding more and use section if washing would not otherwise be complete within 1 hour.
    (3) If the filterate is turbid, add 1-2 ml. HNO3 dilute to 250 ml. and mix.
    (4) Pipette into 500 ml. Erlenmeyer flask aliquot containing not more than 25 mg. P2O5.
    (5) Dilute if necessary to 50 ml..
    (6) Add 10 ml. HNO3 (1 plus 1) and while gently for 10 minutes. Cool and dilute to 100 ml. and proceed as for (II) (b)(2)(B)
    (Reference – Methods of Analysis , AOAC, 1965)
    (iv) Citrate insoluble phosphorus
    (a) Reagents

    (1) Ammonium citrate solution - should have specific gravity of 1.09 at 20oC and pH of 7.0 as determined electrometrically.

    Dissolve 370 gm. crystalline citric acid in 1.5 litre distilled water and nearly neutralize by adding 345 ml. NH4 OH(28-29% NH3). If concentration of ammonia is less than 28 per cent add correspondingly larger volume, and dissolve citric acid in correspondingly smaller volume of water, cool and checks pH. Adjust with NH4 OH(1 plus 7) or citric acid solution to pH 7. Dilute solution if necessary to specific gravity of 1.09 at 20oC (volume will be approximately 2 liters). Keep in tightly stoppered bottles and check pH from time to time. If pH has changed from 7.0 readjust.

    (2) Other reagents and solution as in 4(I) and 4(ii)

    (b) Procedure (acidulated samples and mixed fertilizers)

    (1) After removing water soluble P2O5 in 4(iii) transfer filter and residue within 1 hour to 200 or 250 ml. flask containing 100 ml. ammonium acetate solution previously hearted to 65oC.

    (2) Close flask tightly with smooth rubber stopper.

    (3) Shake vigorously until paper is reduce to pulp and relieve pressure by removing stopper momentarily. 

    (4) Continuously agitate contains of stopper flask in apparatus equipped to hold contains of flask at exactly 65oC. ( Action of apparatus should be such that dispersion of sample in citrate solution is continually maintained and entire inner surface of flask and stopper is continually bathed with solution).

    (5) Exactly 1 hour after adding filter land residue, remove flask from apparatus, and immediately filter contains by suction as rapidly as possible through whatman No.5 paper or equivalent using buchner or ordinary funnel with platinum or other cone.

    (6) Wash with distilled water and at 65oC until volume of filterate is approximately 350 ml. allowing time for through draining before adding more water.

    (7) If material is one that will yield cloudy filterate, wash with 2 per cent NH4 NO3 solution .

    (8) Determine P2O5 in citrate in soluble residue by one of the following methods.

    (A) Dry paper and contents, transport to crucible, ignite until all orgnic matter is destroyed and digest with 10-15 ml. HCl until all phosphates dissolve, or 

    (B) Treat wet filter and contents as in method prescribed in 4 (i) (b) (2)(A)(C)(D) or (E). Dilute solution to 250 ml. or other suitable volume, mix well filter through dry paper and determine P2O5 as in 4 (ii)
    (Reference – Methods of Analysis, AOAC. 1965).
    (v) Citrate soluble phosphorus 
    (Reference S.O.403(E) dated 23 May 1990)
    Subtract citrate insoluble P2O5 from total P2O5 to obtain citrate soluble P2O5 
    (Reference-methods of Analysis , AOAC ,1965)

    (vi) Citric acid soluble P2O5 in fertilizers other than basic slag 

    (a) Reagents

    (1)Concentrated hydrochloric acid.
    (2)Concentrated citric acid.
    (3)Calcium carbonate fnally ground.
    (4)5 N Sodium hydroxide solution.
    (5)Dilute hydrochloric acid –dilute 240 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid with water to 1 litre.
    (6)Citric molybdic acid solution – Stir 54 gm. of molybdic anhydride (MoO3) with 200 ml. of water, add 11 gm. of sodium hydroxide and stir the mixture whilst heating to boiling point until the molybdic. anhydride dissolves. Dissolves 60 gm. of citric acid in about 250 to 300 ml. of water and add 140 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Pour the molybdate solution in to the acids solution, which is stirred throughout the addition than cool and if necessary filter the solution through paper pulp pad. Dilute the solution to 1 litre. If the solution is slighyly green or blue in colour add dropwise a dilute ( 0.5 to 1.0 per cent) solution of potassium bromate until the colour is discharged . This reagent should be kept in dark. 

    (7) Quinoline solution – Measure 60 ml. concentrated hydrochloric acid and 300 to 400 ml. of water into 1 litre beaker and warm to 70o—80oC. Pour 50 ml. of quinoline in a thin stream into the – Dilute acid while stirring. When Quinoline has dissolved , cool the solution dilute to 1 litre , and if necessary filter through a paper pulp filter.

    (8) Sodium hydroxide solution – 0.5 N carbonate free.

    (9) Indicator solution—Mix three volumes of thymol blue solution and two volumes of phenolphthalein solution prepared as follows;
    A. Thymol blue solution – Dissolve 250 mg. thymol blue in 5.5 ml. of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide solution and 125 ml. of industrial methylated sprit. Dilute with water to 250 ml.
    B. Phenolphthalein solution - Dissolve 250 mg. phenolphthalein in 150 ml. of industrial methylated sprit and dilute with water to 250 ml.
    (10) Hydrochloric acid – 0.5N

    (11) Sodium hydroxide solution – 0.1 N .
    (12) Hydrochloric acid - 0.1 N.
    (13) Surface active agent - 0.5 per cent solution of sodium dodecyi benzene sulphonate suitable

    (b) Preparation of solution 
    (1) Weigh to the nearest mg. about 5 gm. of the sample and transfer to a stoppered bottle of about 1 litre capacity.
    (2) Dissolve 10 gm. of pure crystallized citric acid (monohydrate) in water, dilute to 500 ml. and adjust the temperature to 20oC.
    (3) Add the solution to the sample in the bottle, shaking so to avoid the possibility of caking.
    (4) Shake the bottle continuously for 30 minutes.
    (5) Pour whole of the liquid at once on to a large medium – fine filter and collect the filterate. If the filterate is not clear, pass it again through the same filter.
    (c) Procedure

    (1) Transfer a volume of the solution prepared according to procedure given above containing less than 70 mg. of phosphoric acid an preferably about 50 mg. to a 500 ml. stoppered conical flask marked at 150 ml.
    (2) Dilute the solution with water to 100 ml.
    (3) If the sample does not contain calcium add 100 to 200 mg. of calcium carbonate 
    (4) Then add 5 N sodium hydroxide solution drop wise until a faint permanent turbidity or precipitate is formed.
    (5) Dissolve precipitate by the drop wise addition of dilute hydrochloric acid, but avoid an excess.
    (6) Dilute to 150 ml. and add 50 ml. of the citric – molybdic acid reagent, and heat the solution to inticipient ebullition , maintain it at this temperature for 3 minutes and then bring it to the boiling point.
    (7) From burette slowly add 25 ml. of the quinoline solution with constant swirling throughout the first few ml. being added dropwise, the rest in slow stream
    (8) Keep the solution gently boiling during the addition.
    (9) Immerse the flask in boiling water for 5 minutes, then cool it to 15oC in running water.
    (10) Filter with suction the contents of the flask on a paper plup pad, and wash the flask precipitate and filter with successive small washes of cold water until they are free from acid.
    (11) Transfer the filter pad and precipitate to the original flask, rinse the funnel with water and collect the rinsings in the flask. in the flask.
    (12) If necessary, wipe the funnel with small piece of damp filter paper to ensure complete removal of the precipitate , and place the paper in the flask.
    (13) Add water to a total l of about but not exceeding 100 ml. stopper the flask and shake it vigorously until the pulp and precipitate are completely dispersed.
    (14) Remove the stopper and wash it with water, returning the washing of the flask.
    (15) Add a measured volume of 0.5 N. sodium hydroxide solution sufficient to dissolve the precipitate and leave a few ml. in excess.
    (16) Shake the flask vigorously until all the precipitate dissolves. ( To facilitate the dispersal of the precipitate after the addition of 0.5 N sodium hydroxide solution, a few drops of the surface active agent may be added if necessary). 

    (17) Add 0.5- 1.0 ml. of the indicator solution, and titrate the excess of sodium hydroxide with 0.5 N hydrochloric acid, until the indicator changes from violet to green – blue, and then very sharply to yellow at the end point .
    (18) Deduct the number of 0.5N hydrochloric acid used from the number of ml. 0.5 N sodium hydroxide, to ascertain the volume of 0.5 N sodium hydroxide equivalent to the phosphoric acid.
    (19) Carry out a blank determination on all the reagents, omitting only the sample, and using 0.1 N standard alkali and acid instead of 0.5M for the titration. Calculate the blank in terms of 0.5N alkali and subtract it from the original result.
    (20) Calculate the amount of phosphoric acid in the portion taken for analysis from the hectare 1.0 ml. of 0.5N sodium hydroxide = 1.366mg. P2O5
    (Reference- statutory Instruments 1960, No. 1165, Agriculture the fertilizer and feeding stuffs Regulation , 1960).

    (vii) Free phosphoric acid as (P2O5)

    (a) Reagents

    (1) Acetone-confirming ;to IS : 170-1950 specification for acetone.
    (2) Standard sodium hydroxide solution – 0.1 N .
    (3) Bromocresol green indicator so9lution – dissolve 0.1 gm. of bromocresol green in 100 ml. of rectified spirit conforming to IS: 323- 1959 specification for rectified spirit (Revised)
    (b) Procedure

    (1) Weigh accurately about 2.5 Mg. of the prepared sample and transfer to a soxhlet extract or 
    (2) Add about 100 ml. of acetone and extract for three hours.
    (3) Cool and distil of the acetone as far as possible. 
    (4) Take up the residue with water and make up the volume to 250 ml. 
    (5) pipette out exactly 100 ml. of the solution and titrate with standartd sodium hydroxide solution, using gromocresol green as indicator until colour just changes from yellow to blue.

    Calculations

    Free phosphoric acid ( as P2O5)
    Per cent by weight = 17.75 x V x N
    W


    Where
    V= volume in ml. of standard sodium hydroxide solution used
    N= normality of standard sodium hydroxide solution, and 
    W= Weight in gm. of sample taken for the test
    (Reference-IS Specification for superphosphate (Revised ) IS 294-1962)
    (k) Determination of potassium

    Determination of potassium in all kinds of fertilizers is given in this section. Two alternative methods have been described. Any of these two methods may be used depending upon the availability of reagent, and suitability of the method.

    (l) Perchloric acid method

    (This method depends on the insolubility of potassium perchlorate and the solubility of sodium per chloride in alcohol and is applicable in presence of alkali metals chlorides and nitrate sulphates and ammonium salts must be absent on account of the low solubility of sodium sulphate of ammonium per chloride in alcohol . Phosphates must be removed. Methods area given for the elimination of the effect of interfering substances)
    (a) Reagents
    i. Concentrated hydrochloric acid. 
    ii. Barium chloride solution - Dissolve 100 gm. of barium chloride in water, filter the solution and dilute to 1litre.
    iii. Dilute hydrochloric acid - Dilute 240 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid with water to one litre.
    iv. Calcium oxide – finally ground.
    v. Ammonium hydroxide solution- sp.gr. 0.88.
    vi. Ammonium carborate solution – saturated aqueous solution .
    vii. Ammonium oxalate solution – saturated aqueous solution.
    viii. 20 per cent per chloric acid solution.
    ix. Alcohol – industruial methylate spirit 95-96 per cent.V/V.
    x. Wash solution – Add potassium per chloride to alchol and shake until saturated solution is obtained,=. keep the solution over solid potassium peer chloride and filter immediately before use

    (b)Potassium salts free from sulphates and other interfering substances.
    1. Dissolve in water a portion of the sample weighed to the nearest mg. equivalent to potassium content to 1.5 to 2.0 gm. of potassium
    2. Cool the solution to 20oC, dilute to 500 ml. in a volumetric flask, mix well and filter through a dry filter.
    3. Determine the potash in 50 ml. of solution by precipitating with per chloric acid as –described under procedure



    (c) Potassium salts with sulphates or other interfering substances 
    (The following method is given for eliminating the interference cost by presence of sulphate. If salts contain phosphates, Iron, Manganese or substances other than sulphate that interfere with the determination of potassium, the method described for mixed fertilizer should be used ).

    (1) Weight to the nearest mg. a portion of the sample equivalent in potassium content to 1.5 to 2.0 gm. of potassium, into a 500 ml. beaker Add about 300 ml. of water and 20 ml. concentrated hydrochloric acid and heat the solution to boiling. 
    (2) To the boiling solution cautiously add , drop by drop berium chloride solution in a amount slightly in excess of that previously determinate as necessary to ensure the complete precipitation of sulphate.
    (3) Cool the liquid to 20oC , transfered to a 500 ml. volumetric flask, dilute to 500 ml., mix and filter through a dry filter. 
    (4) Take 50 ml. of the filterate and evaporate to tryness in a basin, moisten the residue with concentrated hydrochloric acid .
    (5) Again evaporate to dryness, dissolve the residue with 5-10 ml. dilute hydrochloic acid and filter, if necessary. Determine the potash in solution by the method – discribed under procedure.
    (d) Potasium in mixed fertilizers.,

    (1) Weigh to the neare4st centigram about 10 gm. of the sample and if organic matter is present, gently incinerate at temperature not exceeding 500oC.
    (2) Transfer the weighed portion of the sample or the incinerated residue to a 500 ml. break 
    (3) Dilute with water to about 300 ml. and bring gradually to boiling point. 
    (4) Add 10 gm. of calcium oxide made into a paste with water.
    (5) Bring contents again gently to the boiling point, and keep to heated for about half an hour with frequient stirring.
    (6) Cool to 20oC, transfer to a 500 ml. volumetric flask, dilute to 500 ml, and, after thoroughly shaking filter through a dry filter paper. 
    (7) Transfer 250 ml. of the filterate to another 500 ml. volumetric flask, make just acid with hydrochloric acid and heat to boiling point.
    (8) To the boiling solution cautiously add drop by drop, barium chloride solution until there is no further precipitation of barium sulphate.
    (9) Render the contents of the flask alkaline with ammonium hydroxide solution and precipitate the calcium and any excess of barium by adding ammonium carbonate solution until no further visible precipitation occurs followed by the addition of about 1 ml. of ammonium oxalate solution.
    (10) Cool to 20oC dilute with water to 500 ml. and after thoroughly shaking, filter through a dry filter paper.
    (11) Measure 100 ml. of the filtrate and evaporate to dryness in a basin. Expel the ammonium salts from the residue by gently heating the basin over a low flame, being careful to keep the temperature below that of faint redness.
    (12) Cool the residue, moisten with concentrated hydrochloride and again evaporate to dryness.
    (13) Take up the reduce with water and filter if necessary.
    (14) Determine the potash in the solution by precipitation with per chloric acid as described under procedure.
    (e) Procedure.
    (1) Transfer the solution obtained as described above into a basin and add about 7 ml. perchloric acid solution.
    (2) Place the basin on a hot plate or sand bath and evaporate the contains until the whilte fumes or copiously evolved.
    (3) Cool and dissolve the precipitate in a little hot water.
    (4) Add about 1 ml. of per chloric acid solution land again concentrate to the fuming stage.
    (5) Thoroughly cool the residue in the basin land stir in 20 ml. of alcohol.
    (6) Allow the precipitated to cool and settle, then pour the clear liquid through a dry filter paper, draining the precipitate in the basin and stir in 20 ml. of alcohol
    (7) Allow the precipitate to cool and settle, then pour the clear liquid through a dry filter paper, drain the precipitate in the basin as completely as possible.

    (8) Redissolve the precipitate on the paper and that remaining in the basis with hot water.

    (9) Add 2 ml. of perchloric acid solution to the combined solutio0n and evaporate the whole down to the fuming stage.

    (10) Cool the residue in the basin; and throughly stir the contents with 20 ml. of alcohol.

    (11) Allow the precipitated to cool and settle and pour the clear liquid through a weighed gooch or sintered glass crucible, draining the precipitated as completely as possible from the liquid before adding 5 ml. of wash solution.

    (12) Wash the precipitate by decantation with several similar small portions of the wash solution, pouring the washing through the crucible.


    (13) Transfer the precipitate to the crucible and wash it well with the wash solution until free from acid.
    (14) Dry the precipitate at 100oC and weight. 
    (15) Regard the precipitate as potassium per chloride (KCLO4) and calculate its equivalent as potash (K2O) by multiplying its weight by 0.34.

    (Reference- statutory instruments 1960. No. 1165, Agriculture. The fertilizer and feeding stuffs regulation, 1960).

    (ii) Sodium tetraphenyl boron method.

    This method is applicable to both mixed and straight potassium fertilizers.
    (a) Reagents.

    (1) Sodium hydroxide solution – 20 per cent. Dissolve 20 gm. NAOH in 100 ml. distilled water. 
    (2) Formaldehyde solution- 37 percent.
    (3) Sodium tetraphenyl boron (STPB) solution – approximately 1.2 percent . Dissolve 12 gm. sodium tetraphenyl boron in approximately 800 ml. water. Add 20-25 ml. AL(OH3), stir for 5 minutes, and filter (Whatman) No.42 paper or equivalent) into 1 litre volumetric flask. Rinse beaker sparingly with water and add to filter. Collect entire filtrate add 2 ml. 20 per cent NOH solution, dilute to volume with water, and mix. Let it stand for 48 hours and standardize . Adjust to that 1 ml. STPB-1 per cent K2O. store at room temperature.
    (4) Quaternary ammonium chloride solution – approximately 0.625 per cent. Dilute 50 ml, of 12.8 per cent zephiran chloride to 1 litre with water, mix and standardize. Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide may be substituted for zephiran chloride. If other concentration is used, adjust volume.
    (5) Clayton yellow – 0.04 percent. Dissolve 40 mg. in 100 ml. water






    (b)Standardization of solutions 

    (1) Zephiran chloride—To 1.0 ml. STPB solution in 125 ml. Erlenmeyer flask, add 20-25 ml. water, 1 ml. 20 per cent NaOH 2.5 ml. HCHO. 1.5 ml. 4 per cent (NH4) 2 C2O4 and 6—8 drops of indicator (5) above.

    (2) Titrate to pink end point with zephiram chloride solution, using 10 ml. semicro burette . Adjust Zephiran chloride solution so that 2.0 ml. = 1.0 ml. STPB solution.

    (3) Sodium tetraphenyl boron solution –Dissolve 2.5 g;m. of KH2PO in water in 250 ml. volumetric flask; add 50 ml. 4 percent ( NH4) C2O4 solution, dilute to volume with water and mix, (It is not necessary to bring to boil ). Transfer 15 ml. aliquot, a9 51.92 mg.(K2O43.10 mg K) to 100 ml. volumetric flask, add 2 ml. 20 per cent NaOH, 5 ml. HCCHO and 43 ml. STPB reagent. Dilute volume with water; mix throughly, le5t stand 5-10 minitues and pass through dry filter. Transfer 50 ml. aliquot of filtrate to 125 to 125 ml. Erlenmeyir flask, add 6-8 drafts of indicator (5) above and titrate excess reagent with zephiran solution.. Calculate titration values as follows :- 

    F= 34.561/(43 ml. –ml. Zephiran) = % K2O/ml. STPB reagent. Factor applies to all fertilizers if 2.5 gm. sample is diluted to 50 ml. and 15 ml. aqliquot is taken for analysis. If results are to be express ed as K rather than K2O, substitute 28.73 for 34.61 in calculating the value of F.

    (c) Preparation of solution

    (1) Mixed fertilizers

    A. Place 2.5 gm. sample of factor weight 2.430 gm. in 250 ml. volumetric flask.
    B. Add 125 ml. water and 50 ml. saturated (NH4) 2C2O4 solution. Add 1 ml. of diglycol stearate solution if needed to prevent foaming.
    C. Boil for 30 minutes, add slight excess of NH4 OH and after cooling dilute to 250 ml. Mix and pass through dry filter.

    (2) Potassium salts(potassium chloride sulphate, potassium magnesium sulphate, and kainite) 
    A Dissolve 2.5 gm or factor weight 2.430 gm. and dilute to X 250 ml. without adding NH4OH and (NH4) 2
    B. When interfering substances such as NH3, Ca, Al, etc. are present proceed as in (1) above.

    (d) Procedure

    (1) Transfer 15 ml./ aliquot of sample solution to 100 ml. volumetric flask and add 2 ml. 20 per cent NaOH and 5 ml. HCHO.
    (2) Add 1 ml. standard STPB solution for each 1 per cent K2O expected in sample plus addition 8 ml. excess to ensure complete precipitation.
    (3) Dilute to volume with water, mix thoroughly , let it stand for 5-10 minutes and pass it through dry filter (Whatman 12 or equivalent).
    (4) Transfer 50 ml. filtrate to 125 ml. Erlenneyer flask, add 6-8 drops of indicator (5) above and titrate excess reagent with standard zephiran solution. Per cent K2O in the sample = (ml STPB added – ml. zephiran) X F where F = per cent – K2O/ml.STPB reagent. (Reference- Method of Analysis, AOAC. 1965).
    (m) Method of analysis of anhydrous ammonia

    (i) Estimation of water and ammonia 

    (a) Scope
    This method is for the determination of water at 20oC (or room temperature), (and usually ammonia by difference) of any essentially anhydrous ammonia liquid product. Normally, the water will be low ( less than 0.5 percent) or sample of synthetic ammonia.

    (b) Apparatus 

    (1). Ammonia sampling tubes.
    (2) Fume hood with exhaust dust.
    (3) Sample tube holder rack in hood fabricated as convenient to ;hold number of tubes desired.
    (4) Gloves, protective, elbow length.

    (c) Reagents
    Charcol, reagent, 14-20 mesh.
    (d) Procedure

    (1) Remove the sample tubes from the sample carrier and place in the provided sample tube holders in the fume hood.
    (2) Allow the ammonia sample to boil and to evaporate (approximately) 30 minutes) spontaneously in the fume hood. Because of the law temperature of the boiling ammonia, atmospheric moisture freezes on the sample container exercise care to see that none of this ice contaminates the sample.
    (3) When the boiling of the sample ceases ,remove the tube from the holder. Wipe the outer surface of the tube dry and read and record the volume of liquid residue in the tube.
    (4) From the volume recorded, calculate the weight per cent water in the sample. Ignore the small piece of charcoal, if used.

    Calculation

    Per cent water = A x F x 0.890 x 0.684 X 100 
    V x 0.682
    Where A = Volume of residue in tube (ml.)
    V= Volume of sample taken (ml.)
    F= Evaporation factor, taken from Table 1 corresponding to 
    noted sample pressure when sample was obtained.
    0.890 = density of residue(gm/ml.)
    0.684 = weight fraction of water in residue.
    0.682 = density of sample( gm/ml.)

    (e) Precaution

    The evaporation in the fume hood should be conducted with the window lowered to protect personnel from possible spray. Whenever it is necessary to handle the sample tubes, protective gloves should be worn.

    Note:- Determination of residue on evaporation will not usually be necessary for normal ammonium sample. If sample is clear and water residue is clear and colourless, the residue may be considered to be nil . However, should it be come necessary to determine the dissolved solids and suspended solids in anhydrous ammonia, proceed as follows.



    (f) Sampling
    Throughly clean and dry the sample tubes, weigh (W1) each selected tube to the nearest milligram with a similar tube as counterpoise. Obtain the samples as desired earlier.
    (g) Apparatus
    (1) Analytical balance.
    (2) Ammonia sampling tubes.
    (3) Rubber tubing ¼" OD length desired.
    (h) Reagents
    Air dry, carbondioxide – free

    (i) Procedure 
    (1) Start test following elimination of the water content of the sample as given earlier.
    (2) Connect one end of a rubber hose to a source of dry, carbon dioxide-free air. Insert the other end of the hose into the sample tube and gently force air through the sample tube until all liquid has been evaporated and to ammonia gas remains in the tube.
    (3) Wipe a counterpoise and the sample tube containing the residue to substantially the same extent to remove moisture which may have condensed on their outer surfaces
    (4) Weigh the sample tube and residue to nearest milligram.
    (5) Calculate the weight per cent residue of the sample.


    Calculation

    Per cent residue = (W2—W1) x F X 100
    V x 0.682
    Where W1 = weight(gm) of tube (before sampling)
    W2= weight(gm) of tube and residue.
    V = Volume of sample taken (ml.)
    F = Evaporation factor, taken from Table 1 corresponding to noted sample pressure when sample was obtained.
    0.682 = density of sample (gm/ml.)

    (j) Precaution

    A check of completness of of evaporation may be made by visual inspection and by carefully smelling the air in the tube making sure that no carbon dioxide or moisture from the breath enters the sample tube.

    (k) Per cent ammonia content ( by difference)
    In general,. the ammonia content of the sample will be per cent ammonia- 100 –(per cent water – per cent residue, if determined).
    (i) Precaution 
    The evaporation in the fume hood should be conducted with the window lowered to protect personnel from possible spray. Whenever it is necessary to handle the sample tubes, protective gloves should be worn.
    (ii) Determination of oil content

    (a) Apparatus
    (1) 500 ml. conical flask calibrated to hold 300 ml. (about 200 gms) of samples and with a bunk fitted with glass through which the exit gas can be led away to a safe place. Ensure that the glass tube and exit line are free from constructions.
    (2) Platinum dish 75 mm in diameter.

    (b) Reagent
    The reagent used shall be of a recognized analytical reagent quality like petroleum spirit with a boiling range of 40o to 60oC

    (c)Procedure
    (1) Quickly running the sample (as per the sample procedure) upto the calibration mark, insert the bunk. 
    (2) Immerse the flask in a continuous stream of cold water and allow the ammonia to evaporate slowly.
    (3) When the evaporation is complete, remove the bunk and gently blow out the last traces of ammonia with a small jet of filtered air free from carbon dioxide.
    (4) Dry the outside of the flask.
    (5) Place the flask in an oven at 105 + 5oC for 15 minutes to remove the moisture blowing out the last traces with a gentle stream of filtered air at the end of this period: allow to cool.
    (6) Add to the flask approximately 100 ml. of the petroleum spirit and swirl to dissolve the oil.
    (7) Filter the solution through a small filter paper (a Whatman No. 31 paper is suitable) direct into the platinum dish previously traced to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    (8) Repeat the operation with two more successive 10 ml. portions of petroleum spirit, filtering through the same paper as before into the same dish.
    (9) Evaporate the combined extracts to dryness on a water bath in a fume cup board, taking care to avoid naked lights and finally dry in an oven at 105 + 5oC for 30 minutes
    (10) Allow the dish to cool thoroughly in a desicator and weigh again to the nearest 0.1 mg.
    (11) At the same time carry out a blank determination on the petroleum spirit and filter paper.
    (12) Make an appropriate correction in the calculation.

    Calculations.

    Oil content, parts per million by weight = (W1-W2)-W3 X 10oF
    0.68 V2

    Where W1= weight in grams of platinum dish and residue.
    W2=weight in grams of dish alone.
    W3=weight in grams of oil in blank determination 
    V2=volume in ml. of sample taken 
    . F = evaporation factor taken from Table-1 corresponding to noted sample pressure when sample was obtained.


    Table 1 – Evaporation factor for different vessels or line pressures 
    Vessel or Line Pressure(Psig) Evaporation Factor(F)
    1 2
    0 1.000
    10 0.963
    20 0.940
    30 0.920
    40 0.900
    50 0.885
    60 0.870
    70 0.860
    80 0.850
    90 0.840
    100 0.830
    110 0.821
    120 0.813
    130 0.805
    140 0.797
    150 0.789
    160 0.782
    170 0.776
    180 0.770
    190 0.764
    200 0.758


    Note: When a sample of liquid ammonia is transferred to an open flask/tube from a container in which the pressure is higher than the atmospheric that sample quickly reaches the themodynamics equilibrium with its new environment. Some of the liquid ammonia will evaporate and since the ammonia so lost as vapour contains non-volatile constituents present in the original product, the concentration of these constituents will increase in the liquid sample taken. This may be significant factor in subsequent analysis and fortunately it is possible to calculate from the known thermodynamic properties of ammonia as appropriate correction. This correction is usually known in this context as the evaporation factor of flask factor and is simply that fraction by; weight of the original liquid ammonia which remains as liquid in the sample. Multiplication of the determined quantity of a non-volatile constituents (oil, water dissolved or suspended solids, etc.) by the evaporation factor gives a result which will be closer to the true figure. The Table above presents the evaporation factor for different vessel or line pressure.

    When a sample is transferred (example by gravity) from a container of a cylinder or the sampler at the same pressure, there should be no loss by evaporation and in this case it is not necessary to use evaporation factor.

    (n) Method of analysis of zinc sulphate (Both Heptahydrate and Monohydrate)*

    (i) Quality of reagents 

    Pure chemicals and distilled water shall be used in tests.
    Note: ' Pure chemicals' shall mean chemicals that do not contain im,urities which affect the result of analysis.

    (ii) Determination of matter insoluble in water.

    (a) Reagents
    Dilute sulphuric acid – 10 per cent.
    (b) procedure

    Dissolve 25.0g of the material in 125 ml. of water and add 1 ml. of dilute sulphuric acid . Heat the solution to boiling , filter through a weighed and prepared Gooch crucible or sintered glass crucible (G No.4) and wash the residue thoroughly with hot water. Dry the crucible at 110o +_ 5oC to Constant mass.

    * Vide S.O. 534 (E) dt. 20.7.1992

    Matter insoluble in water per cent by mass weight = 4 A
    Where A= weight in g of the residue.

    (iii) Determination of Zinc in Zinc Sulphate by modified EDTA titration method.

    (a) Reagents

    (1) EDTA Solution:
    Dissolve 3.72 g of Di-sodium Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetate dihydrate in distilled water and make up the volume to 1 litre.
    (2) Standard Zinc metal solultion:
    Weigh about 1.0 g of Zinc metal and record the weight accurately . Express this as W2 Add HCI(1:1) @ 20ml. per g of zinc metal. Keep it for few hours and allow in to dissolve completely . Make up the volume of the solution to exactly 1000 ml.
    (3) Ammonium hydroxide (20%) (m/m)
    (4) Ammonium chloride-AR grade salt.,
    (5) *Sodium Cyanide – AR?GR grade salt.
    (6) Eriochrome black (T) indicator mixture.
    Mix thoroughly 1 g of Eriochrome Black (T) indicator with 100 g of AR grade sodium chloride.


    (7) Formaldehyde-acetic acid solution(4%)
    Dissolve 100 ml. of formaldehyde (37-40%) in about 100 ml. of 
    distilled waterl. Add 40 ml. glacial Acetic acid and make volume to 1 litre with distilled water.
    (8) Hydroxylamine Hydrochloride 
    AR Grade solid salt.

    Note: Distilled water means glass distilled water.
    *To be used with extreme care.

    (b) Procedure
    (1) Standardization of EDTA solution.
    (A) Take 10 ml. of zinc metal solution (standard)
    (B) Add about 0.1g of ammonium chloride and 30 ml. of ammonium hydroxide solution (20%)
    (C) Dilute it by adding about 30 ml. distilled water .
    (D) Add pinch of eriochrome black(T) indicator mixture.
    It will give red colour.
    (E) Titrate it with EDTA solution to obtain clear blue end point. Note the volume of EDTA used as V1 ml. 
    (2) Estimation of zinc in samples.
    (A) Weigh accurately 1.0g of a given zinc sulphate sample and dissolve it in 100 ml. of distilled water a volumetric flask .
    (B) Take 10 ml. of aliquot in beaker. Add 0.1 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride and 0.1 g. of ammonium chloride.
    (C) Cautiously add small quantity of sodium cyanide. White precipitate will appear. Continue adding sodium cyanide till white precipitate disappears while swirling the beaker with hand. Add about 0.5 g. excess of sodium cyanide.
    (D) Dilute it by adding about 30 ml. of ammonium hydroxide (20%) and add about 30 ml. of distilled water.
    (E) Add a pinch of eriochrome black(T) indicator mixture. It will give red colour.
    (F) Titrate with EDTA solution till their is a sharp change to violet colour. Note the volume of EDTA used as V2(ml).
    (G) Add 20 ml. of Formaldehyde-acetic acid solution into above titrated solution and mix well. Red colour will reappear.
    (H) Titrate it with EDTA solution to get blue end point without red tinge. Note the volume of EDTA used in second titration as V3 ml. 
    Calculation. 
    Zinc % = 10 X V3 X W
    V1
    W = Weigh in g of piece of Zinc metal taken for preparation of standard zinc solution.
    V1 = Volume of EDTA solution ( in ml.) used for 10 ml. of Zinc metal solution 
    V3 = Volume of EDTA solution (in ml.) used for second titration
    (iv) Colorimetric method for determing of copper.
    (a) Reagent
    Outline of the method - sodium diethyldithiocarbamate reacts with slightly acidic or ammonical solution of copper in low concentration to produce a brown colloidal suspension of the cupric diethyldithiocarbamate . The suspension can be extracted with an organic solvent and the colour extracted determinate spectrophotometrically.
    (b) Apparatus
    Photometer- Any suitable photoelctric colorimeter.
    (c) Reagents

    (1) Ammonium citrate solution – 40 per cent (m/v)

    (2) Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate solution – 0.1 per cent(m/v)

    (3) Standard copper solution- Clean the surface of a copper wire with sand paper. Dissolve 100 mg. of pure copper in dilute nitric acid. Heat the solution nearly to dryness to drive off the acid. Add about 10 ml. of water and heat again nearly to dryness. Take up the residue in water, add 25ml. of 1 N sulphuric acid and dilute to 100 ml. One millions of this solution contains 0.1 mg. of copper (as Cu).
    Alternatively, dissolve 3.928 g. of cupric sulphate (CuSO25H2O) in sufficient water containing 1 or 2 ml. of concentrated sulphuric acid and dilute to 1000 ml. One millilitre of the solution of the solution contains 1.0 mg. of copper (as Cu.)
    (4) Ammonium hydroxide
    (5) Carbon tetrachloride

    (d) Preparation of sample
    (1) Weigh 5 g. of sample accurately, dissolve in distilled water and add 1 ml. of sulphuric acid. Filter the solution and make up to 250 ml. with water in a volumetric flask. Take 50 ml. of the above solution in a beaker, heat, pass hydrogen sulphide gas or add sodium sulphide solution and ensure complete precipitation. Filter hot and keep the filterate for subsequent analysis.
    (2) Boil the residue with dilute nitric acid and filter, if necessary. To the filtered solution add sulphuric acid, evaporate, dilute and filter. Keep the residue for determination of lead. 
    (e) Procedure for determination of copper
    Determine copper in the filterate from (d) (2) above by diethyldithiocarbamate method as detailed below:-

    Transfer an aliquot containing not more than 0.65 mg. of copper to a 100 ml. separating funnel. Add 2 ml. of ammonium citrate solution and adjust the pH to 8.5 with ammonium hydroxide . The presence of ammonium ions helps to dionize iron, if present, and to prevent , and to prevent rapid fading of develop the colour. Add 2 ml. of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate solution and develop the colour. Extract the coloured complex with 5 –10 ml. of carbon tetrachloride. Separate the carbon tetrachloride layer from aqueous layer and centrifuge for 5 minutes to separate the water droplets. Transfer the carbon tetrachloride solution to a photometic cell and measure its absorbance at the wave length of maximum absorption 440 mn relative to reagent blank. Calculate the corrected absorbance by subtracting the reading obtained for solution containing no copper.

    Transfer to a series of 100 ml. separating funnels aliquot of standard copper solution corresponding to 0, 0.1,0.2,0.5,1.0,2.0 and 2.5 mg. of copper and proceed exactly as prescribed above . Plot a graph of corrected, absorbance of solutions against their copper contents.

    Note: If bismuth is suspected it has to be separated or otherwise accounted for.

    Calculation

    Calculate the corrected absorbance by substracting the value obtained for the black from the obtained for the test solution and read from the calibration curve the corresponding mass of copper.

    Copper (as Cu), per cent by mass = M1 X 100
    M2
    Where M1 = massing of copper as determined in the given aliquot of the test solution, and 
    M2 = massing of the material present in the aliquot of the test solution.
    (v)Determination of lead by colorometric method using dithizone.
    (a) Apparatus
    Nessler cylinders – 50 ml. capacity.
    (b) Reagents
    (1) Standard lead solution-Dissolve 0.40 g of lead nitrate (Pb(NO3)2 in water containing 2 or 3 ml. of concentrated nitric acid and make up the volume to 1000 ml.with water. Transfer 10 ml. of this solution to a volumetric flask, add 2 or 3 ml. of concentrated nitric acid and dilute with water to 1000 ml. One mililitre of this solution contains 2..5 mg. of lead (as pb). The diluted solution shall freshly prepared.

    (2) Dilute ammonium hydroxide- 1 N, approximately.
    (3)Reagent A – Dissolve 25 g of triammonium citrate or 22 g, of citric acid and 4 g. of hydroxylamine hydrochloride in about 200 ml. of water. Add dilute ammonium hydroxide to bring the pH to 8.5. Dilute the solution to 500 ml. Purify dthis solution b7y extracting with 15 ml. portions of 0.01 per cent dithizone solution until the final colour of the dithizone extract is green. Wash the aqueous remainder portion three times with 25 ml. portions of chloroform and finally width 25 ml. portion of carbon tetrachloride.

    (4)Dithizone (diphenyl thiocarbazone or phenylazothiomoformic acid) solution – Dissolve 0.001 g. of dithizone in 100 ml of carbon tetrachloride, shaking intermittently for 1 hour. Allow to stand overnight and shake once again before using. This shall be kept in a cool land dark place. This gives a 0.01 per cent solution. Filter, if necessary. Dilute 10 ml. of this solution to 100 ml. with carbon tetrachloride in a 100 ml. volumetric flask. This shall be prepared fresh before determination . This gives a solution of 0.001 percent.


    Note 1: Carbon tetrachloride used should be further purified. One litre of Carbon tetrachloride is extracted with two portions of 25 ml. dilute ammonium hydroxide and then kept over 100 g of activated carbon. Before use, it is decanted and distilled at about 80oC over a little fresh lime.

    Note 2: Sometimes dithizone solid and it is 0.01 per cent solution deteriorate on storage. The 0.01 per cent solution should, therefore, be tested before further dilution by, shaking 2 ml. of the solution with 5 ml. of one per cent ammonium hydroxide. If the organic layer is only faintly yellow under these conditions, the solution may be used. If it is deeply coloured it shall be discarded and fresh solution be prepared. The solution as well as the recent should be stored in a refrigeration and exposure to0 sunlight should be avoided during analytical work. To increase the stability of 0.01 per cent solution, it should be covered with a thin aqueous layer saturated with sulphur dioxide.

    (5)Thymol blue indicator solution- 1 per cent (m/v) solution in rectified sprit.
    (c) Procedure
    (1) Take several aliquots of standard lead solution in to a series of separating funnels, add 5 ml. of the water and 190 ml. of the reagent A.Then add 2 drops thymol blue indicator and bring the pH of the solution to 8.5 by addition of the dilute ammonium hydroxide . Add 5 ml. of the dithizone solution and shake well for about 10 seconds. Drain the organic layers into stoppered Nessler cylinders.




    (2)Dissolve the residue obtained in iv(d) (2) above, in dilute nitric acid and dilute with water. Take a suitable aliquot of the solution and transfer to a separating funnel. Develop the colour as prescribed above. Drain the organic layer into a stoppered Nessler cylinder, add 10 ml. of dilute ammonium hyroxide, and shake for about 10 seconds. Compare the colour developed with those of the standard solutions. Note the volume of the standard with which the colour of the test solution matches.

    Note: If the colour of the test solution is intermediate between two standard solutions, then the experiment is repeated by taking more number of standard solutions in that range and exact colour matching is arrived at.

    Calculations

    Heavy metals ( as pb), per cent by mass = 100 x Y x f
    M
    where V = volume in ml. of standard lead solution matching with the test solution.
    f = mass in g of heavy metals (as pb) equivalent to 1 ml. of standard lead solution, and 
    M = mass in g of the material in the aliquot taken for the test.
    (vi) Determination of magnesium in the sample material.
    (a) Reagents 
    (1) Eriochrome blackT indicators – Dissolve 0.1 g of eriochrome black T in 25 ml. of Methyl alcohol.
    (2) Ammonium hydroxide – ammonium chloride buffer solution-Mix 350 ml. of ammonium hydroxide (20 per cent w/w) with 54 g. of ammonium chloride. Dilute with water and make up the volume to 1000 ml.(The pH of the solution should not be more than 10).
    (3) Standard magnesium solution-0.01 M weigh 2.4640 g. of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4, 7H2O) and dissolve it in water. Make up the volume to one litre.
    (4) Ethylenediamine tetra – acetate (EDTA) solution – dissolve 3.72 g. of disodium ethylenediamine tetra – acetate dihydrate in water and make up the volume to one litre

    (b) Procedure
    Standardization of EDTA solution - Take 10 ml. of standard magnesium solution in a conical flask. Add 20 ml. of water, one millilitre of eriochrome black T indicator and 25 ml.of ammonium hydroxide – ammonium chloride buffer solution. Heat at 40 o to0 50oC and then titrate with EDTA solution, maintaining the temperature between 40o and 50o until the colour changes from wine red to distinct blue.

    Molarity of EDTA solution = 10 M 1
    V1
    where M1 = molarity of standard magnesium solution, and 
    V1 =volume in ml. of EDTA solution used for titration.
    (c) Determination of magnesium in the sample material
    Take the filterate from (iv) (d)(1) (after removal of copper) add a few drops of concentrated nitric acid, boil and cool and then add solid ammonium chloride (about 2 grams). boil and cool, add ammonium hydroxide till the strong smell of ammonia comes and filter the precipitate through sintered crucible, take this filterate and add dilute sulphuric acid till the solution is acidic(test with methyl red), heat the solution to boil and add excess of di-ammonium- hydrogen phosphate with continuous stirring. Add 10 per cent ammonium solution with continuous stirring till the solution just alkaline (test with methyl red) while precipitate of zinc ammonium phosphate will be formed ( the optimum pH for porecipitation is 6-7, allow it to stand for 3-4 hours. Filter through Whatman filter paper no. 40. Collect the filterate in a volumetric flask Make up the volume (say 100 ml.) Take a suitable aliquot (say 10 ml.) for the determination of magnesium. Add 20 ml. of water, one ml. of eriochrome black-T indicator and 20 ml. of ammonia hydroxide – ammonia chloride buffer solution. Heat to 40 oC to l50oC and titrate with standard EDTA solution, maintaining the temperature between 40 C and 50 C until the colour changes from wine red to distinct blue.

    1 ml of 0.01 M-EDTA= 0.2432 mg of 'Mg'
    Mg = X x 0.2432
    5

    where X = volume of 0.1 M-EDTA used for titration 
    The calculation factor five is derived presuming that 5 g of material is taken for test and the filterate obtained is 100 ml. out of which 10 ml. is titrate.

    (vii)Determination of pH
    Dissolve 5 gm. of the material in freshly boiled and cooled water, Dilute to 100 ml. and mix. Determine the pH value of the solution with a pH meter.

    *(viii) Determination of Iron in the sample material (Spectro-photometric Method).

    (This method is applicable for Iron contents up to 1 Mg. In the final aliquot)

    (a) Outlines of the method in test solution, iron is determined absorption -metrically as Ferrous Iron forms red complex with Ortho-phenanthroline.

    (b)Apparatus – Photo-electric- colorimeter.
    (c)Reagents

    (1) Bromophenol blue indicator solution 0.4 per cent solution in 95 per cent ethanol. 
    (2) Sodium Citrate solution – 25 per cent.
    (3) Hydroqinone solution – 1 per cent in an Acetic acid buffer of pH 4.5 obtained by mixing 65 ml. of 0.1 M acetic acid with 35 ml. of 0.1 M. Sodium Acetate solution.
    (4) Ortho-phenanthroline solution – 0.25 per cent in 25 percent ethanol.
    (5) Dilute hydrochloric acid – 1:3(V/V)
    (6) Standard Iron solution – Dissolve 0.7002 gm. of Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate(AR) in distilled water containing 2 ml. of perchloric acid and dilute to 100 ml. with water. One ml. of this solution contains 1 mg. of Iron.
    (d) Preparation of sample solution – Boil 1 gm. sample in 20 ml. of Hydrochloric Acid (1:1) for 30 minutes and filter through whatman No. 40 filter paper in 100 ml. volumetric flask. Follow with repeated extraction with boiling dilute (1:5) decanting the solution each time through the same filter paper. Dilute the filtrate to 100 ml..
    *Vide S.O. 534 (E) dt. 20.7.1992 

    (e) Procedure
    (1)Take 5 ml. of the sample solution, add bromophenol blue indicator solution and titrate with sodium Coitrate solution until yellow colour changes to blue.

    (2) Take another 5 ml. of sample solution in a 25 ml. volumetric flask. Add 1 ml. of Hydroquinone solution, 3 ml. of Ortho-phenanthroline solution and an amount of Sodium Citrate solution equivalent to the above titration in step(1). Dilute width distilled water to 25 ml. Allow the solution to stand for one hour.
    (3) Measure the absorbance of test solution at 510 nm using 1 cm. cell and also blank with water.
    (4)Place 4,8,12,16 and 20 ml. of standard Iron solution in a series of 100 ml. volumetric flasks. To each, add 40 ml. of diluted Hydrochloric acid and dilute to 100 ml. with water.
    (5) Using 5 ml. aliquot proceed as for sample solution.
    (6) Measure the absorbance of the solution and plot a graph relating to absorbance to number of mgs. of Iron.
    Calculation
    Per cent Fe = 2 X

    W
    where, X = Concentration ( in mg.) of Iron in final solution aliquot determined from the graph.

    W = Weight in gm. material taken for the preparation of sample solution".
    (8)Alternate method of analysis of zinc sulphate (both Heptahydrate and monohydrate)*
    (i)Quality of reagents 
    1. Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests.
    Note :-'Pure chemicals' means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis.
    'Demineralised water' means the water; obtained after passing distilled water through a cation and a anion exchange resins or a combined cation-anion exchange resin.

    (ii) Dtermination of zinc
    (a) Reagents
    (1 Standard zilnc solution – Weigh 0.4398g. of zinc sulphate (ZnSO4,7H2O)-A.R. grade on a clear watch glass and transfer it to one litre flask through dthe funnel giving several wasings to watch glass and funnel width glass distilled or demineralised water. Add one ml of 10 per cent sulphuric acid .(A.R. grade) and make the volume upto the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 100 ppm zince solution herin after called standard A. This solution should be stored in a clean bottle for further use.Dilute 10 ml. of 100 ppm solution of zinc (Standard A) to 100 ml. to get 10 ppm standard zinc solution designated as Standard B.

    (2)Glass distilled or mineralised water of pH 2.5 + 0.5 Dilute 1 ml. of 10 per cent sulphuric acid to one litre width glass distilled or mineralised water and adjust the pH to 2.5 with a pH meter using H2SO4 or NaOH. This solution is called acidified water and 5 to 10 litres of this solution should be prepared at a time. 
    (3) Preparation of working standards – Pipette the following volume of Standard B in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flasks and make the volume with acidified water.(See Table page 93).
    Stopper the flasks and shake them well. Prepare the standard in duplicate. The same acidified water should be used for preparing the solution of unknown fertilizer samples. Fresh standards should be prepared every time when a fresh lot of acidified water is prepared

    * Vide S.O. 534 (E) dt. 20.7.1992.


    Flask No. Volume of standard B taken (ml.) Concentration of zinc after making volumet to 50 ml (ppm) 
    1 0.0 0.0
    2 1.0 0.2
    3 2.0 0.4
    4 3.0 0.6
    5. 4.0 0.8
    6. 5.0 1.0
    7 7.0 1.4
    8. 9.0 1.8
    9. 10.0 2.0

    (b) Procedure

    (1)Preparation of zinc sulphate fertilizer samples – Weigh 0,25 g. of the material on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litree volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with glass distilled water and dissolve the material by shaking well. Then make the volume upto mark width glass distilled water and shake well.

    (2) Take 5 ml. of the prepared solution in 250 ml,., volumetric flask land make the volume with acidified water. Shake the solution well and filter through Whatman No. 42 filter paper in dry cleand flasks. The flasks should be rinsed with a 10k to 15 ml. of the filterate and then continue filtratrion.
    (3)Flaming the solutions- Flame the standards and ;the filtered samples on atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 213./8 mu (Zn line of the instrument)..



    Calculations
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of zinc solution by plotting the absorbance values on Y-axis against their respective zinc concentration on X-axias
    Calculate the percentage zinc in zinc fertilizer by multiplying zinc concentration value calculated from standard curve by 20.
    Example:
    Weight of the fertilizer sample.............................................. = 0.25 g
    Volume made ....................................................................... = 1000 ml.
    Further dilution................................................................... . = 50 times
    Reading of the samples from atomic absorption......................... = Y
    Corresponding concentration value of zinc from standard
    curve against Y absorbance...................................................... = X ppm
    Percentage zinc in the fertilizer ............................................... = 20(X)
    (c) Precaution
    (1) Weighing must be done on a electric balance.
    (2) All the glass apparatus to be used should be of corning make and washed width dilute hydrochloric acid (1:4) and washed thoroughly with distilled and then with demineralised water.
    (3) The pipette should be rinsed with the same solution to be measured.
    (4) The outside of the pipette should be wipped with filter paper after taking out from the solution to be measured.
    (5) After using the pipette, place them on a clean dry filter paper in order to prevent contamination. 
    (6) To start filteration only a few drops should be added first in order to wet the filter paper and then continue further filtration.
    (iii) Determination of magnesium 
    (a) Reagents
    (1) Strontium chloride – Dissolve 7.5 g of strontium chloride (SrC12-6H2O) in one litre of glass distilled water.
    (2) Standard magnesium solution – weigh 0.507g of magnesium sulphate (MgSO47H2O) on a clean watch glass and transfer; it to one litre flask through the funnel giving several washings to watch glass and the funnel with glass distlled or demineralised water. This is 50 ppm Mg. solution. Dilute 10 ml. of 50 ppm solution of Mg. to 100 ml. to get 5 ppm standard Mg. solution.
    (3) Preparation of working standards-Piptte the following volume 5 ppm standard Mg. solution in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flask. Add 10 ml. of strontium chloride solution to each flask and make up the volume in 50 (ml.)

    Stopper the flask and shake them well. Prepare fresh standards every fortnight.



    Flask No. Volume of 5 ppm Mg. solution taken(ml.) Volume of strontium chloride added (ml.) Concentration of magnesium after making the volume to 50 ml.(ppm)
    1 0.0 10.0 0.0
    2 2.0 10.0 0.2
    3 4.0 10.0 0.4
    4 6.0 10.0 0.6
    5 8.0 10.0 0.8 
    6 10.0 10.0 1.0

    (b) Procedure
    (1) Pipette 20 ml. of the solution which was prepared for the determination of zinc by dissolving 0.25 of the fertilizer sample in one litre flask (Step A-2.2.1) Add 10 ml. of strontium chloride Make up the volume to 50 ml.
    (2) Flame the standard and the samples on atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a wave length of 385.5 mu (Mg line of the of the instrument).
    Calculations
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of Mg. solution by plotting the absorbance value on Y-axis against their respective concentration values on X-axis. Percentage magnesium in the zinc fertilizer will correspond to the concentration values calculated from the standard curve.

    Example:

    Weight of the fertilizer ......................................................... = 0.25 g.
    Volume made ....................................................................... = 1000 ml.
    Further dilution.......................................................................= 2.5 times
    Reading of the sample from atomic absorption spect-
    rophotometer..................................................................... =Y
    Corresponding concentration of Mg from standard curve against
    Y absorbance .............................................................................= X ppm
    Percentage magnesium in the fertilizer .................................... = X

    (iv) Determination of copper 
    (a) Reagents
    (1) Standard Copper solution – Weigh 0.1965 g of copper sulphate (CuSO4,5H2O) on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre flask through the funnel giving several washings to watch glass and funnel with glass distilled water. Add one ml. of 10 per cent sullphuric acid and make up the volume upto the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 50 ppm Cu solution land should be storred in a clean bottle for further use. This is 50 ppm Cu solution and should be stored on a clean water for further use. Dilute 10 ml. of 50 ppm solution of coper to 100 ml. to get 5 ppm standard copper solution.
    (2) Glass distlled or mineralized acidified water of pH 2.5 + 0.5 (same as given in B(ii)(a)(2).
    (3) Preparation of working standards – Pipette the following volume of 5 ppm standard copper solution in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flask and make the volume with acidified water
    Flask No. Values of 5 ppm standard Cu solution taken (ml.) Concentration of copper after making volume to 50 ml. (ppm)
    1 0.0 0.0
    2 2.0 0.2
    3 4.0 0.4
    4. 6.0 0.6
    5 8.0 0.8
    6 10.0 1.0

    Stopper the flask land shake them well . Prepare fresh standard every fortnight.

    (b)Procedure
    (1)The solution which was prepared for the determination of zinc by dissolving 0.25 g.of the fertilizer sample in one litre flask step B(ii)(b)(i) should be used for the determination of copper.
    (2)Flame the standards and the samples on can atomic absorption spectro photometer at a wavelength of 324.8 mu(Cu line of the instrument).
    Calculations
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of copper solutions by plotting the absorbance values on Y-axis against their respective concentration values on X-axis. Calculate the percentage copper in the zinc fertilizer multiplying the copper concentration value calculated from the standard by 0.4.

    Example:-
    Weight of the fertilizer sample............................................ = 0.25g
    Volume made .................................................................. = 1000 ml. 
    Reading of the sample from atomic absorption spect.
    rophotometer.............................................................................. = Y
    Corresponding concentration of copper from standard 
    curve against Y absorbance................................................. = X ppm
    Percentage copper in the fertilizer ..................................... = 0.4X
    (v) Determination of lead
    (a) Reagents
    (1)Standard lead solution- Weigh 0.1599 g of lead nitrate (PbNO3) 2 ) on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre flask through the funnel giving several washing to watch glass and funnel with glass distilled or demineralised water add 10 ml. of concentrated distilled nitric acid and make the volume upto the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 100 ppm lead solution and should be stored in a clean bottle for further use. Dilute 10 ml. of 100 ppm solution of lead to 100 ml. with 1 per cent nitric acid solution to get 10 ppm standard lead solution.
    (2) One percent nitric acid solution – Dilute 10 ml. of concentrated distilled nitric acid to one litre with glass distilled water.
    (3) 20 per cent zinc sulphate solution –Weigh 20 g of zinc sulphate (ZnSO4.7H2O) and dilute to 100 ml. with 1 per cent nitric acid solution.
    (4) Preparation of working standars – Pipette the following volume of 10 ppm standard lead solution in 50ml numbered volumetric flasks. Add 5 ml. of 20 per cent zinc sulphate solution to each flask and made the volume with 1 per cent nitric acid solution.

    Flask No. Volume of 10 ppm lead solution taken (ml.) Volume of 20% zinc Sulphate solution added (ml.) Concentration of lead after making thevolume to 50 ml.(ppm)
    1 0.0 5.0 0.0
    2 2.0 5.0 0.4
    3 4.0 5.0 0.8
    4 6.0 5.0 1.2
    5 8.0 5.0 1.6
    6 10.0 5.0 2.0
    Stopper the flask and shake them well. 

    (b) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of zinc sulphate fertilizer samples- Weigh 1 g of the material on a clean watch glass and transfer to 50 ml. volumetric flask through the funnel giving washings with 1 per cent nitric acid solution. Dissolve the material and make the volume with 1 per cent nitric acid solution. Samples should be prepared in duplicate.
    (2) Flaming the solutions- Flame the standards and the samples on atomic absorption sopectrophotometer at a wavelength of 217 m (Lead line of instrument).
    (3) Calculations – Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of lead solution by plotting the absorbance values on Y- axis against their respective lead concentration on X-axis. Calculate the percentage lead in zinc fertilizer by multiplying lead concentration value calculated from standard curve by 0.005.

    (vi)Determination of pH
    (a) Procedure
    Dissolve 5 gm of the material in freshly boiled water. Dilute to 100 ml and mix. Determine the pH value of the solution with pH meter.
    (ii) Determination of matter insoluble in water. 
    (a) Procedure
    Dissolve 25.0 g of the material 125 ml. of water. Filter through a weighed and prepared Gooch crucible or sintered glass crucible (G.No.4) and wash the residue thoroughly with water. Dry the crucible at 110o + 8o to constant mass.

    Calculations
    Matter insoluble in water per cent by weight = 4A. Where A = Weight in g of the residue.
    *(viii) Determination of Iron (Automic Absorption Spectrophotometric method).
    (a) Reagents
    (1)Standard Iron solution (1000 ppm).- Weigh accurately 1 gm. pure Iron wire and put it in approximately 30 ml. of 6 NHCI in a breaker and boil. Transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving several washings to the breaker and funnel with glass distilled water. Make the volume up to the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 1000 ppm Iron solution.
    (2)Glass distilled or demineralised water of pH 2.5 + 0.5.
    (3)Preparation of working standards – Pipette 10 ml. Iron stock solution in 100 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume. This is 100 ppm Iron solution. Pipete the following volumes of 100 ppm Iron solution in 50 ml. volumetric flask and make the volume with acidified water.
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * Vide S.O.534 (E) dt. 20.7.1992

    Flask No. Volume of 100 ppm standard Iron solution Concentration Iron after making Volume to 50 ml.(ppm)
    1 0.0 0.0
    2 1.0 2.0
    3 2.0 4.0
    4 3.0 6.0
    5 4.0 8.0
    6 5.0 10.0
    7 6.0 12.0
    8 7.0 14.0
    9 8.0 16.0
    10 9.0 18.0
    11 10.0 20.0

    Stopper the flask and shake the solution well.
    (b) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of fertilizer sample solution – weigh exactly 1 g;m of the material on a clean watch glass and transfer it to a 1 litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with acidified water and dissolved material by shaking well. Make the volume upto the mark with acidified water and shake well and filter through whatman No.42 filter paper in dry clean flask. The flask should be rinsed with a 10-15 ml. of filterate and then continue filteration.

    (2)Flaming solution – Flame the standards and the filtered sample on atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 248.3 nm using clean air acetylene flame.
    Calculations
    Prepare a standard curve of know concentrations of Iron solution by ploting absorbance value on Y-axis against the ;respective Iron concentration on X-axis. Determine the concentration of Iron in the sample solution from the graph.




    Total Iron (as Fe) per cent = X 
    10
    Where X = Concentration of Iron (in ppm) obtained from the standard curve."

    Note:- In case a sample has been analysed by both the methods. viz, indicated under the heading "7 and 8" the result obtained by ;the methods indicated under the heading "8" shall prevail.


    9. Method of analysis of manganese sulphate agricultural grade.
    (i) Quality of Reagents

    Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests.
    Note:- "Pure Chemicals means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the result of analysis. 'Demineralised water' means the water obtained after passing distilled water through a cation and a anion exchange resins or a combined cation –anion exchange resin.

    (ii) Determination of manganese 
    (a) Reagents

    (1) Standard manganese solution: Weigh 3.0763 g of manganese sulphate (MnSO4 H2O A.R. grade) on a clear watch glass and transfer it to one litre flask through the funnel giving several washing s to watch glass and funnel with acidified water and make the volume up to the mark. This solution will be 1000 ppm Mn. A secondary dilution of 5 ml. to 100 ml.with acidified water gives a 50 ppm working standard. 

    (2) Glass distilled or demineralised water of pH 2.5 + 0.2: Dilute 1 ml. of 10 per cent sulphuric acid to one litre with glass distilled or demineralised water and adjust the pH to 2.5 with a pH meter using 10 %H2SO4 or NaOH. This solution is called acidified water.

    (3) Preparation of working standards. Pipette the following volume of working standard solution in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flasks and make the volume with acidified water.




    Flask No. Volume of working standard taken (ml) Concentration of manganese after making the volume to 50 ml. (ppm).
    1 0.0 0.0
    2 0.5 0.5
    3 1.0 1.0
    4 1.5 1.5
    5. 2.0 2.0
    6. 2.5 2.5
    7 3.0 3.0
    8 3.5 3.5
    9 4.0 4.0

    Stopper the flasks and shake them well. Prepare the standard in duplicate. The same acidified water should be used for preparing the solution of unknown fertilizer samples. Fresh standard should be ;prepared every time when a fresh lot of acidified water is prepared. 
    (b) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of manganese sulphate fertilizer samples. Weigh exactly 0.4g of the material on the clean watch glass transfer it to a one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with acidified water and dissolve the material by shaking well. Make the volume up to the volume up to the mark with acidified water and shake well.
    (2) Take 5 ml. of the prepared solution in 250 ml. volumetric flask and make the volume with acidified water. Shake the solution well and filter through whatman No.42 filter paper in dry clean flask. The flask should be rinsed with a 10 to 15 ml. of the filtrate and then continue filtration.
    (3) Flaming the solutions:- Flame the standard and the filtrate samples on automatic absorption spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 279.5 mu (Mn line of the instrument).
    Calclulation

    Prepare standard curve of know concentration of manganese solution by ploting the absorbance value on Y-axis against their respective manganese concentrations on X-axis . Calculate the percentage manganese in manganese fertilizer by multiplying manganese concentration value calculated from the standard curve by 12.5.

    (c) Precaution
    (1) Weighing must be done accurately with a precision balance.
    (2) All the glass apparatus to be ;used should be corning/ pyrex make and washed with dilute hydrochloric acid (1:4) and washed throughly with distilled and then with demineralised water .
    (3) The pipette should be rinsed with the same solution to be measured .
    (4) The outside of the pipette should be wiped with filter paper after pipetting the solution to be measured.
    (5) After using the pipette. Place them on a clear dry filter paper. In order to prevent contamination.
    (6) To start filteration only a few drops should be added first in order to wet the filter paper and then continue further filteration.
    10.Alternative method of analysis of manganese sulphate, agricultural grade.
    (i) Quality of reagents
    Unless specified otherwise , pure chelmicals and glass distilled or demineralized water shall be used in test.

    Note: "
    ' Pure chemicals ' mean chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the result of analysis.
    'Demineralised water' means the water obtained after passing distilled water through a cation and anion exchange resins or a combined cation-anion exchange resin.
    (ii)Determination of manganese .

    (a) Reagents
    (1) Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)- 30 per cent.
    (2) Nitric acid (HNO3)- concentrated.
    (3) Orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4 from steel industry)- 85 per cent.
    (4) Potassium periodate (KIO4).
    (5) Glass distilled or mineralised water of pH 2.5 + 0.5- Dilute l1 lml of 10 per cent Hl2SO4 to one litre with glass distilled or demineralised water and adjust the pH to 2.5 with pH meter using 10% H2SO4or NaOH.
    (6) Standard manganese solution- Weigh 3.0763 of manganese sulphate (Mn SO 4 H2O –A.R grade) on a clear watch glass and transfer it to one litre flask through the funnel giving several washings to the watch glass and the funnel with acidified water and make the volume up to the mark. This solution will be 1000 ppm Mn. A secondary dilution of 5 ml. to 100 ml. with acidified water gives a 50 ppm working standard.
    (7) Preparation of working standards-l Pipette 0.0, 0.5, 1.0,1.5,2.0,2.5,3.0,3.5,4.0,4.5 and 5.0 ml. of standard solution of manganese in a series of 11 different 100 ml. breakers. Evaoporate the solutions to dryness at low temperature on a hot plate or steam bath. Add 5 ml. of lHNO3 and 2 ml. of 30% H2O2. Cover the beakers with watch glass and digest the contents on a steam bath or hot plate or 30 minutes. Remove the glass cover and evaporate the contents to dryness. Cool the breakers, add 2 ml of phosphoric acid and heat till boiling. Again cool and mix the contents with 10 nl. of demineralised water., Add 0.3g of KIO4 and heat the solutions on water bath until pink colour appears. Add about 0 20 ml. water and heat for about 40 minuteas or until there is no more increase in colour intensity. Cool the breakers to room temperature, transfer the solutions to 50 ml. volumetric flasks. Make the volume width deionised water and shake thoroughly. The concentration of manganese ion will be as follows.
    Flask No. Volume of working standard taken (ml) Concentration of manganese after making the volume to 50 ml. (ppm).
    1 0.0 0.0
    2. 0.5 0.5
    3. 1.0 1.0
    4. 1.5 1.5
    5. 2.0 2.0
    6. 2.5 2.5
    7. 3.0 3.0
    8. 3.5 3.5
    9. 4.0 4.0
    10 4.5 4.5
    11. 5.0 5.0
    Measure the light transmittance at 540 mu (green filter). Make the standard curve by plotting per cent transmittance against the concentration of manganese.
    (b) Procedure
    (1) Analysis of manganese sulphate fertilizer sample – Weigh exactly 0.500 g of the material on a clean watch glass and transfer it to a one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with acidified water and dissolve the material by shaking well. Make the volume up to the make with acidified water and shake well. Pipette one ml solution in a 100 ml pyres/ corning beaker and proceed further as described abov3e for preparation of standard curve and make the volume to 50 ml. The standard and the test sample should be prepared and processed for estimation at the same time. 
    Calculation
    The percentage of manganese in the manganese sulphate fertilizer sample is calculated from standard curve by 10.
    "11. Method of analysis of Borax (Sodium Tetraborate decahydrate fertilizer)
    (i) Quality of reagents
    Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled water shall be used in tests.
    Note:- Pure chemicals means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis.
    (ii) Determination of Boron.
    (A) Atomic Absoirption Spectrophotometer Method.
    (a) Reagents
    Standard Boron Solution – Weigh 44,095 of sodium tetraborate decahyldrate (Na2B4O210H2O)-AR grade on clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving several washings to watch glass and funnel with glass distilled water. Make the volume upto the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 5000 ppm boron solution herein after called standard A.. This solution should be stored in clean bottle for further use.


    (2) Preparation of working standards – Pipette the following volume of standard A in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flasks and make the volume with water.
    Flask No. Volume of standard taken (ml) Concentration of boron after making the volume to 50 ml. (ppm).
    1. 0.0 0.0
    2. 4.0 400
    3. 6.0 600
    4. 8.0 800
    5. 10.0 1000
    6. 12.0 1200
    7. 14.0 1400
    8. 16.0 1600
    (b) Procedure :
    (1) Preparation of sample solutopm:-
    Weigh 2.500 g of the material on a clean watch glass & transfer it quantitatively in a 250 ml. volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washing with water. Make upto the volume, stopper the flask & shake well.
    (2) Flamming dthe solutions – Flame the standards & the sample solution on atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 249.8 mnm using nitrous oxide-acetylene flame
    Calculations: Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of boron solutions by plotting the absorebance value on Y-axis against their respective boron concentration on X-axis. Calculate the percentage boron in the ;given sample by multiplying boron concentration value obtained from standard curve by 0.01.



    Example
    Wt of the fertilizer sample = 2.50 g
    Volume made = 250 ml.
    Dilution factor 250 =100 
    2.5
    Reading of sample from atomic absorption = Y
    Corresponding concentration value of boron from standard curve against Y absorbance = X ppm
    Percentage of boron in the sample = 0.01 X
    (B) Titrametric method:-
    (a) Outline of the method: Borax is determined by first converting it to boric acid with hydrochloric acid and then titrating against Sodium hydroxide solution after complwxing boric acid with mannitol or sorbitol.
    (b) Reagents
    (1) Standard hydrochloric acid – 0.5 N
    (2) Standard sodium hydroxide – 1.0 N
    (3) Methyl red indicator - Dissolve 0.1 g of the material in 60 ml of rectified spirit and dilute with water to 100ml. 
    (4) Phenolphthalalein indicdtor- Dissolve 1 g of the material in 100 ml. of rectified sprit..
    (5) Mannitol or sorbitol.
    (c) Procedure:
    (1) Dissolve 3.0 g of the material , accurately weighed in 60 ml. of water & titrate with hydrochloric acid, using methyl red solution as indicator.
    Calculations:
    Boron content, percent by weight = 1.0819 V.N.
    W
    V = Volume in ml of standard sodium hydroxide used. 
    N = Normality of sodium hydroxide, and 
    W = Weight in g of the material taken for the test
    (Ref- ISI – 1109- 1980)

    (iii) Determination of matter insoluble in water-
    Same as method No.8 (vii) (a)

    (iv) Determination of pH

    Dissolve 3.8 g of the material in water and make it to 100 ml. Measure the pH value of the solution with the help of suitable pH meter, using glass electrodes.

    (v) Determination of Lead:
    Same as method No.8 (v), Substitute Zinc sulphate by borax.
    12. Method of Analysis of Copper Sulphate Fertilizer(CuSO 4 SH 2 O)
    (i) Quality of Reagents:
    Unless specified otherwise pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests..
    Note:- 'Pure chemicals' means chemicals which do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis. Demineralised water, means the water obtained after passing distilled water thropugh a cation and anion exchange resign or a combined cation-anion exchange resin.
    (ii) Determination of Copper:
    (A) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer method:-
    (a) Reagents :- As specified in 8 (iv) (a) (1), (2) , and (3)
    (b) Procedure: 
    (1) Weigh 0.25 g of the material on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with glass di8stilled water. Add one ml of 10 percent sulphuric acid and make up the volume.
    (2) Take 5 ml. of the prep0ared solution in 500 ml. volumetric flask and make up the volume. Shake the solution well and filter through Whatman No.42 filter paper in dry clean flask. The flask should be rinsed with a 10 to 15 ml. of the filterate and then continue filtration.
    (3) Flamming the solutions: Flame the standards and the filtered samples on an atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 324.8 mm using air-acetylene flame.
    Calculation:
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentrations of Copper solution by plotting the absorbance values on Y-axis against their respective concentration values on X-axis 10 X
    Percent, Copper in sample = W 
    where W = Weigh in g of the material take for test.
    X = Conc of copper (in ppm) as determined from the graph.
    (A) By Iodometric Titration method:
    (a) Outline of the method:
    Copper is determined with the addition of potassium iodide and titrating the liberated iodine against standard sodium thio-sulphate solution.
    (b) Reagents
    (1)Sodium Carbonate – AR Grade 
    (2) Potassium lodide – AR – Crystals
    (3) Acetic Acid – AR grade 
    (4) Standard Sodium thiosulphate solution-O.1N
    (5) Starch indicator solution- Triturate 5 g of starch and 0.01 g of mercuric iodide with 30 ml. of cold water and slowly pour it with stirring into one litre of boiling water. Boil for three minutes. Allow to cool and decant off the supernatant clear liquid.
    (6) Potassium thiocyanate crystals.
    (c) Procedure:
    (1)Dissolve about 1 g of the test sample (accurately weighed), in 50 ml of water.
    (2)Add a pinch of sodium carbonate till a slight turbidity appears. Then add 5ml. of acetic acid, 3 g of potassium iodide and titrate the liberated iodine with sodium thiosulphate solution, using starch as 
    an indicator, until only a faint blue colour remains.

    (3)Add about 2 g of potassium thiocyanate, shake and continue the tirtration until the blue colour disappears.
    Calculations :
    Copper, percent by mass = 6.35 V.N.
    M
    Where V = Volume in ml of standard sodium 
    thiosulphate solution.
    N = Normality of standard thiosuophate 
    solution, and 
    M = mass in g of the sample taken for 
    the test.
    (Ref: IS - 261 (1982).
    (iii)Determination of Lead (Pb):-
    Same as method No.8 (v),
    Substitute Zinc Sulphate by Copper Sulphate. 
    (iv) Determination of Soluble Iron and Aluminium compounds(expressed as Fe) 

    (a) Outline of the method-Iron and aluminium are determined gravimetrically by precipitation with ammonium hydroxide.

    (a) Reagents
    1. Concentrated nitric acid --AR grade
    2. Ammonium Chloride – AR grade 
    3. Dilute Ammonium Hydroxide – approximately 15 per cent NH3(m/v)
    4. Dilute Hydrochloric acid – 33 percent (m/v)
    (c) Procedure
    (1) Take 10 g of the test sample and add 25 ml. of water, 2 ml. of nitric acid and 5 g of ammonium chloride. 
    (2)Make the solution alkaline by adding ammonium hydroxide solution.
    (3) Keep it on a water bath until the precipitate has flocculated, keeping the solution alkaline by the addition of more ammonium hydroxide, if necessary..
    (4) Filter and wash the residue with dilute ammonium hydroxide.
    (5) Dissolve the residue in the hot dilute hydrochlori c acid 
    (6) Make the solution again alkaline by adding ammonium hydroxide and allow the precipitate to settle.
    (7) Filter and wash the residue with water.
    (8) Dry the residue, ignite and weigh till a constant mass is obtained.
    Calculation:
    Soluble Iron and aluminium compounds .
    (as Fe) per cent by mass = 70 M1
    M2
    Where M1 = Mass in g of the residue obtained and 
    M2 = mass in g of the sample taken for the test 
    (Ref: IS: 261 – 1982)
    (v) Determination of matter insoluble in water
    (a)Reagents:
    (1)Concentrated sulphuric acid – AR Grade
    (b) Procedure:
    Weigh accurately about 10 g of the test sample and dissolve in 100 ml. of water.Add 3ml. su lphuric acid and stir thoroughly at room temperature. Filter through a tared filter paper or tared Gooch or Sintered glass crucible (G.No.4). Wash the residue with water till it is free from acid. Dry the filter paper of crucible in an oven maintained at a temperature of 105 to 110oC till constant mass is obtained.
    Calculation:
    Insoluble matter, percent by mass = M1 X 100 
    M2
    Where M1 = mass in g of the residue obtained for the test.
    M2 = mass in g of the material taken for the test.
    (vi) Determination of pH.
    (a) Procedure: 
    Dissolve 5 g of the test sample in water and make up the volume to 100 ml. Determine the pH with glass clectrodes using a suitable pH meter

    (1) Method of Analysis of Ferrous Sulphate (heptahydrate). FeSO4-7H2O) 
    (i) Quality of Reagents
    Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals & glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests.
    Note:- 'Pure Chemicals' means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis. Deteralised water means the water obtained after passing distilled water through a cation & an anion exchange resin ;or a combined cation-anion exchange resin.

    ( ii ) Determination of Ferrous Iron
    (a) Outline of the method-Ferrous iron content is determined by titration. with standard potassium permanganate solution.
    (b) Reagents :-
    1. Dilute Sulphuric acid – 4 N approximately.
    2. Standard potassium permanganate solution - 0.1 N.
    3. Orthophosphoric acid.
    (c) Procedure:- 
    1. Weigh accurately about 5 g of the prepared sample and dissolve it in water .
    2. Add 1 to 2 ml. of dilute sulphuric acid and make up the solution to 250 ml. in a volumetric flask.
    3. Pipette out exactly 50 ml. of the solution in a flask.
    4. Add 10 ml. of Dilute Sulphuric acid and 2 ml. of Ortho-phosphoric acid and titrate with standard potassium permanganate solution.


    Calculation:
    Ferrous iron, percent by weight = 27.92 V.N.
    W
    Where V = Volume of standard potassium permanganate used.
    N = Normality of standard potassium permanganate solution.
    W = Weight in g of the material taken for the test.
    (Ref: IS: 262-1982)
    (iii) Determination of total Iron:
    (A) Titrameteric methods using potassium dichromate. 
    (a) Outline of the method:
    Total Iron is determined by reducing ferric iron with stannous chloride and then titrating the total ferrous iron with standard potassium dochromate solution.
    (b) Reagents:
    (1) Concentrated hydrochloric acid 
    (2) Stannous chloride solution – Dissolve 6.0 g of stannous chloride crystals(SnC12- 2H2O) in 60 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid and dliute with water to 100 ml. Keep the solution in stoppered bottle.
    (3) Mercuric chloride solution –saturated.
    (4) Concentrated sulphuric acid.
    (5) Diphenylamine indicator – Dissolve 0.1 h or diphelnylamine 100 ml. of concentrated sulphuric acid.
    (6) Standard potassium dichromate solution – 1.0 N
    (c) Procedure:
    (1) Weigh accurately about 5 g of the prepared sample and dissolve it in water.
    (2)Add 1 to 2 ml. of dilute sulphuric acid and make up the volume to 250 ml. in a volumetric flask. 
    (3) Take 50 ml. aliquot of this solution and add 10 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid and heat to boiling.
    (4) Reduce the Iron by adding stannous chloride solution until the yellow colour of the ferric chloride disappears. Do not add more than 2 to 3 drops of stannous chloride in excess.
    (5) Cool the solution, add rapidly murcuric chloride solution and stir so that a white precipitate of mercurous chloride forms slowly, indicating that a slight excess of stannous chloride in percent.
    (6) Allow the stand for 5 to 10 minutes,dilute tgo 150 to 200 ml. and add 5 ml. of phosphoric acid land 5 drops of diphenylamine indicator. Titrate with standard potassium dichromate solution until the colour of the solution changes to a deep blue which does not fade on stirring.
    Calculations

    Total Iron, per cent by weight = 27.92 V.N.
    W
    Where V = Volume in ml. of potassium dichromate used in titration.
    N = Normility of standard potassium dichromate solution and 
    W = Weight in g of the material present in the aliquot.

    (Ref: IS: 262-1967)
    (B) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer Method:
    (a) Regents:
    (1) Standard Iron solution – (1000 ppm) – weigh accurately 1 g pure iron wire and put it in approximately 30 ml. 6 N HCI, in a beaker and boil. Transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving several washings to the beaker & funnel with glass distilled water. Make the volume up to the mark. Stopper the flask and shake the solution well. This is 1000 ppm Iron solution.
    (2) Glass distilled or mineralised water of pH 2.5 + 0.5.
    (3) Preparation of working standards – pipette 10 ml. iron stock solution in 100 ml. volumetric flask & dilute to volume. This is 100 ppm iron solution in l50 ml. numbered volumetric flask and make the volume with acidified water.
    Pipette the following volumes of 100 ppm iron solution in 50 ml. numbered volumetric flask and made the volume with acidified water.



    Flask No. Volume of100 ppm standard Iron solution taken (ml) Concentration of iron after making volume 50 ml. (ppm).

    1. 0.0 0.0 
    2. 1.0 2.0
    3. 2.0 4.0
    4. 3.0 6.0
    5. 4.0 8.0
    6. 5.0 10.0
    7. 6.0 12.0
    8. 7.0 14.0
    9. 8.0 16.0
    10. 9.0 18.0
    11. 10.0 20.0

    Stopper the flask & shake the solution well. 
    (b) Procedure:
    (1) Preparation of ferrous sulphate fertiliser salmple: 
    Weight exactly 1.000 g of the material on a clean watch glass &transfer it to a one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings with acidified water and dissolve the material by shaking well. Make the volume up to the mark with acidified water and shake well.
    (2) Take 5 ml. of the prepared solution in 100 ml. volumetric flask and make up the volume with acidified water . Shake the solution well and filter through whatman No.42 filter paper in dry clean flasks. The flasks should be rinsed with a 10 to 15 ml. of the filtrate and then continue filtration.
    (3) Flamming the solutions – Flame the standards and the filtered sample on atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a Wavelength of 248.3 nm using clean air – acetylene flame.
    Calculation:
    Prepare a standard Curve of known concentrations of Iron solutions by plotting by the absorbance value on Y-axis against ;their respective iron concentration on X- axis. Determination the concentration of iron in the sample solution from the graph.
    Total Iron per cent = 2 – X
    W
    Where X = Concentration of Fe ( in ppm) obtained from standard curve.
    W = Weight in g of the material taken for the test.
    (iv) Determination of Ferric iron-
    Substract the value of Ferrous iron per cent from Total iron per cent to obtain the Ferric iron per cent in the sample.
    (Ref: IS: 262 – 1967)
    (v) Determination of pH -
    Dissolve 5.0 g of the sample in 100 ml. of freshly boiled and cooled water and determine the pH by the means of pH meter using glass electrode.
    (vi) Determination of matter insoluble in water-
    Same as method No.8 (vii).
    (vii)Determination of Lead-
    Same as method No. 8 (v), Substitute Zinc sulphate by ferrous sulphate.
    14. Method of analysis of ammonium molybdate
    (NH 4)6Mo 7O 24-4H 2O)
    (i)Quality reagents –
    Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests:

    Note :- 'Pure Chemicals' means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the results of analysis, 'Demineralised Water' means 
    (A) Atomic Absodrption spectrophotometer method:
    (a) Reagents :
    (1) Potassium Sulphate – Dissolve 25 g of AR Potassium sulphate in 1 litre of distilled water
    (2) Standard molybdenum solution – Weigh 1.5 g of molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving several washings to beak3er and funnel width ;glass distilled water. Make up the volume upto the mark. This is 1000 ppm standard molybdennum solution.
    (3) Preparation of working standards- Pipette the following volume of 1000 ppm standard Mo solution in 100 ml. numbered volumetric flasks. Add 20 ml. of potassium sulphate solution to each flask and make up the volume to 100 ml. Stopper the flask and shake them well.



    Flask No. Volume of 1000 ppm Mo solution taken (ml) Volume of Potassium sulphate added (ml) Concentration of molybdenum after making the volume to 100 ml( ppm)
    1. 0.0 20.0 0
    2. 2.0 20.0 20
    3. 3.0 20.0 30
    4. 4.0 20.0 40
    5. 5.0 20.0 50
    6. 6.0 20.0 60

    (b) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of Ammonium Molybdate fertilizer sample. Weigh exactly 0.1 g of the material on the clean watch glass and transfer it to a 100 ml. volumetric flask through funnel ;giving repeated washings and dissolve the material by shaking will. Make the volume upto the mark.

    (2) Take 10 ml. of the prepared solution in la 100 ml. volumetric flask, add 20 ml. of potassium sulphate solution and make the volume upto the mark.
    (3) Flamming the solution : Flame the standards and the filtered samples on an atomic absorption spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 313.3 nm using nitrousoxide – acetylene flame.

    Calculation
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentratioin of molybd3enum solution by plotting the absorbance value on Y-axis against their respective molybdenum concentration on X-axix.

    Percent of Mo = X
    10 W
    Where X = Concentration of molybdenum (ppm) as obtained from the calibration curve.
    W= Weight in g of the material taken for the test.




    (B) Colorimetric Method for Determination of Molybdenum
    (a) Outline of the Method
    Molybdenum (vi) in acid solution when treated width stannous chloride (best in the presence of a little ferrous ion) is convered largely into molybdenum 
    (v).This forms a complex with thiocyanate ion, probably largely Mo(SCN)5, which is red in colour. The latter may ;be extracted width solvents possessing donor oxygen atoms (3-Methylbutanol is preferred). The colour depends upon the acid concentration (optimum concentration IM) and the concentration of thiocyanateion (1.0 per cent but colour intensity is constant in the range 2-10 per cent); it is little influenced by excess of stannous chloride. The molybdenum complex has maximum absorption at 465 nm.
    (b) Apparatus
    (1) Photometer – Any suitable photoelectric colorinmeter.
    (c) Reagents
    (1) Standard molybdenum solution- (0.001 per cent molybdenum)- weigh 0.184 of A.R. Ammonium molybdate (NH4)6-Mo7O24-4H2O on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask through the funnel giving several washings to watch glass and funnel with glass distilled water. Make the volume upto the mark. Pipette out 10 ml. of this solution into 100 ml. volumetric flask and make the volume up to the mark. This gives 0.001 per cent Mo solutions.
    (2) Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate –Dissolve 10 g. of AR ferrous ammonium sulphate salt in 100 ml. of very dilute H2SO4.
    (3) Stannous chloride solution - Dissolve 10 g of AR stannous chloride-dihydrate in 100 ml. of one m – hydrochloric acid. 
    (4) Potassium thocyanate solution - Dissolve 10 g of AR potassium thilocyanate salt in 100 ml. of distilled water.
    (5) Isoa-nyl alchohol
    (d) Preparation of sample
    Weigh 0.1 g of sample on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask, through the funnel giving several washings to watch glass and funnel with glass distilled water. Make the volume up to the mark. Pipette out 5 ml of this solution into a 100 ml. of volumetric flask and make up the volume up to the mark.
    (c) Procedure
    (1) Place 1.0,2.0,3.0,4.0 and 5.0 ml. of the 0.001 per cent molybdenum solution (containing 0.01 mg., 0.02mg, 0.04 mg and 0.05 mg molybdenum) severally in 50 ml. capacity separating funnels and diluting each with an equal volume of water. 
    (2) Add to leach funnel 2.0 ml. of conc. HCI, 1.0 ml. of ammonium ferrous sulphate and 3.0 ml. of the potassium thiocyanate solution.
    (3) Shake gently and then introduce 3.0 ml. of the stannous chloride solution..
    (4) Add water to bring the total volume in each separating funnel to 25 ml and mix.
    (5) Pipette 10 ml. of redistilled 3- methylbutanol (iso-amyl alcohol) into each funnel and shake individually for 30 seconds.
    (6) Allow the phases to separate and carefully run out the lower aqueous layer.
    (7) Remove the glass stopper and pour the alcoholic extract through small plug of purified glass wool in a small funnel and collect the organic extract in a 1.0 cm absorption cell.
    (8) Measure the absorbance at 465 nm in a spectrophotometer against a 3 -methylbutanol blank.
    (9) Plot absorbance against concentration of standard molybdenum solutions and draw the calibration curve
    (10) Take 10 ml. of the sample solution and determine the absorbance of it by subjecting it to the same treatment as the standard solutions, using calibration curve, determine the corresponding concentration of molybdenum in the sample solution.

    Calculation
    % Mo = 2000-W
    Y-W
    Where X = Concentration of molybdenum (in mg) of the test solution.
    Y = Volume of sample solution taken for the test.
    W= Wt in g of the material taken for the preparation of the sample solution.
    (Ref:- Vogal's Test Book of Quantitative analysis) 
    (iii) Determination of matter insoluble in water. 
    (a) Procedure
    Dissolve 25.0 g of the material in 125 ml. of water filter through a weighed and prepared Gooch crucible or sintered glass crucible or sintered glass crucible (G.No.4) and wash the residue throughly with water , dry the crucible at 110o = 8o to constant mass.
    (b) Calculation
    Matter insoluble in water per cent by weight = 4A
    Where A = Weight in g of the residue
    (iv) Determination of lead
    Same as per method No. 8(v). Substitute zinc sulphate by; ;ammonium molybdate.

    15. Method of Analysis of Chelated Zinc (As Zn-EDTA) 
    (i) Reagents
    (a) EDTA Solution – (0.05M) – Dissolve 18.612 g of disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetate dihydrate 
    (EDTA) in distilled water L& make up the volume to 1 litre.
    (b) Standard zinc solution(1000 ppm)
    Weigh accurately 1.0 g of zinc metal in a beaker. Add 20 ml HCI (1:1). Keep it for few hours and allow it to dissolve completely . Transfer to solution to 1 litre volumetric flask. Make the volume upto the mark.
    (c) Concentrated Ammonium solution (sp.gr. 0.88)
    (d) Ammonium Nitrate – AR grade salt.
    (e) Buffer solution (pH-10)- Dissolve 8.0 AR grade ammonium Nitrate in 65 ml. of the water and add 35 ml of concentrated ammonium solution (sp.gr.-0.88)
    (f) Eriochrome black (T) indicator mixture- mix throughly 1 gm of eriochrome Black ( T) indicator with 100 gm of AR grade potassium Nitrate.
    i. Hydroxylamine hydrochloride – AR grade.
    ii. Potassium cyanide – AR grade to be used with extreme care) 15% aq. solution.
    iii. Manganese sulphate in 1 litre of distilled water.
    iv. Sodium Fluoride AR grade

    (ii) Preparation of sample solution 
    Weigh accurately 1.0 of the sample and transfer it to 100 ml. volumetric flask. Make up the volume with distilled water. Keep it over night.
    (iii) Procedure
    (a) Standardisation of EDTA solution.
    (1) Take 10 ml. of zinc solution(standard)
    (2) Dilute lit by adding 30 ml. distilled water.
    (3) Add 10 ml. of buffer , solution and 30-40 mg of indicator mixture.
    (4) Titrate with EDTA solution till clear blue end point is obtained. Note the volume of EDTA used as V1 ml. 
    (b) Standardisation of managanese sulphate solution.
    (1) Take 25 ml of managanese sulphate solution.
    (2) Dilute it by adding 100 ml distilled water.
    (3) Add 0.25 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride and 10 ml of buffer solution.
    (4) Add 30-40 mg of indicator mixture.
    (5) Titrate with EDTA solution till clear blue end point is obtained. Note the volume of EDTA used as V2 ml.
    (c) Determination of EDTA content of Zn-EDTA fertilizer 
    (1) Take 10 ml. if sample solution
    (2) Dilute it ;by adding 100 ml of distilled water.
    (3) Add 0.25 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride.
    (4) Add 10 ml of buffer solution solution and 30-40 mg of indicator mixture.
    (5) Warm to 40oC and titrate with standard EDTA solution (preferably stirring magnetically ) to clear blue end point. Note the volume of EDTA used as V3 ml.
    (6) After the end point, add 2.5 g of sodium fluoride and stir for one minute.
    (7) Titrate the solution with standard mangenese sulphate solution, slowly , till a permanent red colour is obtained. Note the volume of manganese sulphate added as V4 ml.
    (8) Stir for 1 minute.
    (9) Titrate the excess of manganese ions with EDTA solution until the colour changes to pure blue. Note the volume of EDTA used as V5 ml.
    (10) After the second end point (step 9) add 4-5 ml of 15% aqueous potassium cyanide solution.
    (11) Titrate it with manganese sulphate solution till colour changes sharply from blue to re. Note the volume of manganese sulphate solution added as V6 ml.
    Calculation
    Molarity of EDTA solution (M1) =
    Molarity of standard zinc solution X volume to standard zinc solution taken

    Volume of EDTA used (V1)
    Molarity of standard manganese sulphate solution(M2) = 
    M1V2

    Volume of standard mangainese sulphate solution taken
    Nos of millimoles of EDTA used in 
    titrating Zn = other metals (A) = M1V3
    No of millmoles of EDTA liberated by sodium fluoride (B) = M2V4 –M1V5 
    Hence Nos of millimoles of EDTA used 
    for titrating zinc (C) = A-B
    But nos of millimoles of EDTA liberated by KCN(SD) = M2 V6
    Hence no of millimoles of EDTA contained 
    by Zn-EDTA sample = D-C
    EDTA per cent = 373.24 (D-C)
    Per cent of mangensium in the sample = 24.31 x B
    Per cent of free zinc = 65.38 X c
    Per cent Zinc chelated with EDTA = 65.38 (D-C)_
    (Ref. Vogal's Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis)


    16. Method of Analysis of Chelated Iron (As Fe-EDTA)
    (i) Quality of reagents
    Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests.
    Note : 'Pure chemicals' means chemicals that do not contain impurities which affect the result of analysis. 'Demineralised Water' means the water obtained after passing distilled water through a cation and an amion exchange resins or a combined cation-anion exchange resign.

    (ii) Determination of chelated iron .
    (a) Reagents
    (1) Sodium hydroxide solution- 0.5 N, Dissolve 20 g NaOH in water & dilute to 1 litre.
    (2) Disodium EDTA solution = 0.66 %, Dissolve 0.73 g of Na2H2EDTA 2H2O in water and dilute to 100 ml.
    (3) Iron standard solution –
    (A) Stock solution- (1000 ppm) Dissolve 1.000 g pure Fe wire in approximately 30 ml. 6 N HCI with boiling. Dilute to 1 litre in a volumetric flask with distilled water.
    (B) Intermediate solution – (100 ppm). Pipette 10 ml. iron stock solution land 10 ml. Na2H2EDTA solution in 100 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume
    (C) Working solution – Pipette the following volumes of 100 ppm intermediate solution in 50 ml numbered volumetric flask and make the volume with 0.5 HCI.





    Flask No. Volume of 1000 ppm standard iron solution taken (ml) Concentration of Fe after making the volume to 50 ml ( ppm)
    1. 1.0 2.0
    2. 2.0 4.0
    3. 3.0 6.0
    4. 4.0 8.0
    5. 5.0 10.0
    6. 6.0 12.0
    7. 7.0 14.0
    8. 8.0 16.0
    9. 9.0 18.0
    10. 10.0 20.0 
    (b) Apparatus
    Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with air/acetylene flame.
    (c) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of sample solution:

    (A) Weigh sample containing approximately 40 mg Fe into 200 ml tall form beaker.
    (B) Wet with 2-3 drops of alcohol and dissolve in 100 ml. of water.
    (C) Add 4 drops of 30% H2O2, mix and adjust pH of solution to 8.5 width 0.5 N NaOH. If pH drifts above 8.8, discard solution and repeat analysis. 
    (D) Transfer solution to 200 ml. volumetric flask, dilute to volume with water and mix.
    (E) Filter solution through quantitative paper.
    (F) Pipette 10 ml. filtrate into 200 ml. volumetric flask and dilute to volume with 0.5 N HCI.

    (2) Flaming the solution.
    Flame the standards and the sample solution on automic absorption has spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 348.3nm using air acetylene flame. In same, manner determine Fe-blank on all reagents used.

    Calculation
    Prepare a standard curve of known concentration of Fe solution by ploting the absorbance value on Y-axis against their respective Fe concentration on X- axis..


    Chelated Iron % =- (ppm Fe sample – ppm Fe in blank) x 0.4
    g sample
    (Ref: method of analysis AOAC, 1984)

    (iii) Determination of pH
    As per method No.8(vi)9a)
    * 17. Determination of Sodium in Potassium Chloride and Potassium Sulphate by Atomic Absorption Spectro-photometric method.

    (i) Qulality of Reagents – Unless Specified otherwise, pure chemicals and glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in tests.
    (ii) Reagents
    (1) Ammonium Oxalate Solution – Dissolve 40 g of Ammonium Oxalate in 1 litre of distilled water
    (2) Standard Sodium Solution – (1000 ppm) – Weigh accuratelly 2.5421 g of dried NaC1 on a clean watch glass and transfer it to one litre volumetric flask. Make up the volume upto the. Stopper the Flask and shake the solution well. This is 1000 ppm sodium solution mark


    · Vide No.S.O.377(E) dt.29.5.1992

    (3) Preparation of working standard – Pipette the following volumes of 1000 ppm standard sodium solution in 100 ml. volumetric flask and make up the volume with glass distilled water.

    Flask No. Volume of 1000 ppm standard iron solution taken (ml) Concentration of Sodium after making the volume to 100 ml ( ppm)
    1. 0.0 0.0
    2. 2.0 20.0
    3. 4.0 40.0
    4. 6.0 60.0
    5. 8.0 80.0
    6. 10.0 100.0
    7. 12.0 120.0
    8. 40.0 140.0
    9. 16.0 160.0
    10. 18.0 180.0
    11. 20.0 200.0

    Stopper the flask and shake the solution well 
    (iii) Procedure
    (1) Preparation of sample solution – weigh exactly 2.5 grams sample on a clean watch glass and transfer it to 250 ml – volumetric flask through the funnel giving repeated washings to glass distilled water (about 125 ml. of water should be used). Add 50 ml. of Ammonium Oxalate solution. Boil for 30minutes, cool, dilute to volume, mix and pass through dry filter paper (Whatman No.1 or equivalent).
    (2) Flaming the solution – Flame the standards and the filtered sample on Atomic Absorption Sp[ectro-photometer at a wavelength of 330.3 nm using clean air acetylene flame.
    Calculations
    Prepare standard curve known concentrations of sodium solution by ploting the absorbance value on Y- axis against their respective sodium concentration on X-axis. Determine the concentration of sodium in the sample solution from the graph. Sodium (Na) as Sodium Chloride % = 0.0254 X where X is the concentration of Sodium in ppm obtained from the standard curve.

    (Reference : AOAC, 1984).
    * 18. Determination of Total Chlorides in Potassium Sulphate by Silver Nitrate Volumetric Method.

    (i) Reagents
    (1) Standard Silver Nitrate (AgNO3) solution – 0.1 N
    (2) Potassium Chromate (K2Cr O4) indicator solution – 5 per cent.
    (ii) Prodcedure

    (1) Weigh accurately about 10 grams of the prepared sample and transfer into 500 ml. beaker.


    (2) Add about 250 ml of water and warm gently for about 20 minutes.
    (3) Cool and dilute the solution to 500 ml. in a volumetric flask.
    (4) Allow to stand to late any insoluble matter settle.
    (5) Transfer with a pipette 100 ml. of the clear solution into a conical flask.
    (6) Titrate with standard Ag NO3 solution (0.1 N) using 1 ml of Potassium Chromate indicator solution.
    Calculation
    Total Chlorides (as C1) per cent by 
    Weight (on dry basis ) = 17.73
    W
    Where, N = Normality of standard AgNO3 solution 
    *19. Methods of Analysis of Magnesium Sulphate.
    (i) Quality of Reagents 
    Unless specified pure chemicals & glass distilled or demineralised water shall be used in testa.
    ii) Determination of Magnesium 
    (A) Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric method.
    (a) Reagents
    (1) Hydrochloride acid 0.5 N.
    (2) Magnesium Standard solution: Dissolve 1.013 g Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4 7H2O) in 0.5 N Hydrochloride acid solution and dilute 100 ml with this acid in a volumetric flask. This is 1000 ppm magnesium stock
    (3) Strontium Chloride Solution:- Dissolve 15 g strontium Chloride (Sr C126H2 O) in 0.5 N hydrochloric acid and dilute to 100 ml. with the same solvent.
    (b) Preparation of working standards
    (1) Pipette 8.1 ml. of 1000 ppm magnesium stock solution 100 ml. capacity volumetric and make up the volume with 0.5 N hydrochloride acid . This is 10 ppm Magnesium solution .
    (2) Pipette the following volume of 10 ppm magnesium solution in 100 ml. numbered volumetric flask. Add 10 ml. of strontium Chloride solution to leach flask and make up the volume to 100 ml. with 0.5 N Hydrochloric acid . 




    Flask No. Volume of 10 ppm Mg solution taken (ml) Volume of strontium chloride Concentration of mg (ppm) after making the volume to 100 ml
    1. 0.0 10 0.0
    2. 2.0 10 0.2
    3. 4.0 10 0.4
    4. 6.0 10 0.6
    5. 8.0 10 0.8
    6. 10.0 10 1.0
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    c) Procedure

    (1) Preparation of sample solution

    (A) Weight 1 gm. of the sample and place in a 500 ml. volumetric flask. Add about 300 ml. water and boil for 30 minutes. Allow to cool, dilute to the mark with water, mix and filter.
    (B) Pipette 5 ml. of the filtrate (A) into a 100 ml. volumetric flask, make up to the mark with water and mix.
    (C) Transfer by pipette 5 ml of the diluted filtrate (B) into 100 ml volumetric flask and make up to the mark with 0.5 NHCl.

    (2) Blank solution : Prepare a blank solution from which only the sample has been omitted.

    (3) Flaming of solution : Flame the standard and sample solutions on Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer at wavelength of 205.2 mm using Air Acetylene flame.

    Calculations

    Plot the calibration curve using the mean absorbances on Y-axis and the corresponding concentration of Magnesium (ppm) on X-axis. Determine the concentration of Magnesium in the sample by reference to the calibration curve.


    Magnesium per cent = 20X
    where X = concentration of Magnesium (in ppm) obtained from the standard curve.

    (B) Titrametric method (EDTA Titrtions)
    (Applicable to the samples which do not contain phosphate as impurity)

    (a) Reagents 

    (1) Buffer solution (pH-10.0) - Dissolve 67.5 g ammonium chloride in 200 ml of distilled water, add 570 ml ammonia solution and dilute to 1 litre.

    (2) Potassium hydroxide - Potassium cyanide solution - Dissolve 280 g potassium hydroxide and 66 g potassium cyanide in 1 litre of distilled water.

    (3) Potassium cyanide solution (2%) - Dissolve 2 g potassium cyanide in 100 ml of distilled water.

    (4) Eriochrome black T indcator solution - Dissolve 0.2 g of inidcator in 50 ml of methyl alcohol containing 2 g of hydroxylamine hydrochloride.

    (5) Calcium standard solution (1 mg/ml) - Dissolve 2.4973 g calcium carbonate primary standard grade, previously dried for 2 hours at 285o in HCl (1+10). Dilute to 1 litre with distilled water.

    (6) Calcein indicator mixture- Grind together 1 g calcein indicator (2', 7'-bis (bis ( carboxymethyl,)amino)methyl-) fluorescein, sodium derivative sodium salt), 10 g charcoal and 100 g potassium chloride.

    (7) Disodium dihydrogen ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid standard solution (0.4% - Dissolve 4 g Na2H2-EDTA in 1 litre of distilled water .

    (8) Triethanolamine (1+1)

    (9) Potassium ferrocyanide solution (4%) - Dissolve 4 g potassium ferrocyanide in 100 ml of distilled water.



    (b) Standardization of Calcium Solution :

    (1) Pipette 10 ml of calcium standard solution into 250 ml erlenamayer flask .

    (2) Add 100 ml of distilled water, 10 ml KOH-KCN solution, 2 drops of triethanolamine solution, 5 drops of potassium ferro cyanide solution and 15+1 mg of calcein indicator.

    (3) Immediately place the flask on a magnetic stirer in front of daylight fluorescent light with white background.

    (4) While stirring titrate with EDTA solution to disappearance of all fluorescent green and until solution remains pink. Titrate more than 3 aliquots. From average, calculate calcium titer value.

    Calcium Titer = Volume of calcium standard 
    (mg/ml) solution (ml)
    ----------------------------------
    Volume of EDTA solution used (ml)

    From calcium titer, calculate magnesium titer value as follows :

    Magnesium titer = Calcium titer x 0.6064
    (c) Preparation of sample solution

    (1) Weight 1 g magnesium fertilizer sample into 250 ml volumetric flask.

    (2) Add 200 ml of distilled water and boil for 30 minutes.

    (3) Cool dilute to volume with water and mix.

    (d) Procedure 

    (1) Titration for Ca + Mg

    (A) Pipette 25 ml of aliquot in 250 ml erlemayer flask.

    (B) Dilute with 100 ml of distilled water.

    (C) Add 5 ml of buffer solution )pH 10), 2 ml potassium cyanide solution, 2 drops of triethapolamine solution, 5 drops of potassium ferrocyanide solution and 8 drops of eriochrome black T indicator solution.

    (D) Titrate immediately with EDTA solution, stirring and lighting as in standardization , Colour changes are wine, red, purple, dark blue, to clear blue end point, becoming green if over titrated. Note the volume of EDTA used as V1ml.

    (2) Titration for Calcium

    (A) Pipette 25 ml of aliquot in 250 ml erlemayer flask.

    (B) Dilute with 100 ml of water.

    (C) Add 10 ml KOH+KCN solution, 2 drops of triethamolamine solution, 5drops of potassium ferrocyanide solution and 15+1 of calcein.

    (D) Titrate immediately with EDTA solution in standardization. Note the volume of EDTA used as V2ml.

    Calculation
    Magnesium per cent = (V1-V2) x MKg Titer EDTA
    (Reference : AOAC, 14th edition, 1984).

    * Sl.Nos. 17 and 18 were introduced vide S.O. 377 (E) dt. 29.5.1992; Sl.No.19 was introduced vide S.O. 826 (E) dt. 9.11.1992.
    + ' 20. Determination of Particle Size in Different Fertilizers

    (i) Apparatus :

    (A) Indian Standard sieves of 20 cms. diameter and 5 cms. in height with lid and bottom pan of required sizes.
    (B) Sieve shaker or vibrator with automatic timer and variable cycle control.
    (C) Balance, top leading with suitable capacity and sensitivity of 0.1 gm.
    (D) Weighing pan round suitable for holding sample and approximately 23 cms in diameter.
    (E) Brush either soft, fine wire or stiff.

    (ii) Procedure :

    (A) Take the sieve of required sizes and stack them in progressive order. The biggest sieve size should be on the top and the smallest in the bottom. Place the empty pan at the bottom.
    (B) Put 200 gms of ungrinded samples on the top sieve and place lid on the top of the sack.
    (C) Position and secure sieve stack in shaking apparatus.
    (D) Start shaking action for 5 minutes. If automatic timer is used, set timer for 5 minutes. If vibrator is used, also set vibrator control at 3000 cycle per minute.
    Note : If mechanical sieve shaker is not available, use hand sieving. Conduct sieving by appropriate lateral and vertical motions accompanied by jarring action. Continue until no appreciable change is noted in sieve fraction.
    (E) After completion of shaking time, transfer material from each sieve to weighing pan with brush and weight to +/- 0.1 gm.
    (F) Record weight from each sieve (sum of weights from each sieve should agree closely with original sample weight).

    Calculations :

    Weight on sieve (gm)
    Per cent weight on sieve = ---------------------------
    Total weight of sample (gm)

    Reference : Method IV-A TFI - 1982".


    +Vide S.O. 354 (E) dt. 3.6.93.
















    FORMS FOR REGISTRATION

    EMBLEM
    FORM 'A'
    (See Clause 8)
    FORM OF APPLICATION TO OBTAIN DEALER'S
    (WHOLESALE OR RETAIL OR INDUSTRIAL)*
    CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION

    To,

    The Registering Authority * Controller (If the application is for industrial dealer's certificate of registration)

    Place ------------------------- State of --------------------------

    1. Full name and address of the applicant :
    (a) Name of the concern, and postal address : 
    (b) Place of business (Please give exact address):
    (i) for sale
    (ii) for storage

    2. Is it a proprietory / partnership / limited company / Hindu Undivided Family concern ? Give the name(s) and address(es0 of proprietor /partners/manager/Karta :

    3. In what capacity is this application field.
    (i) Proprietor
    (ii) Partner
    (iii) Manager
    (iv) Karta

    4. Whether the application is for wholesale or retail or " industrial dealership?

    5. Have you ever had a fertilizer dealership registration certificate in the past ? If so, give the following details :-
    (i) Registration number
    (ii) Place for which granted
    (iii) Whether wholesale or retail or * industrial dealership.
    (iv) Date of grant of registration certificate

    * Vide S.O. No. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    (v) Whether the registration certificate is still valid ?
    (vi) It not, when expired ?
    (vii) Reasons for non-renewal
    (viii) If suspended/cancelled and if so, when
    (ix) Quantity of fertilizers handled during the last year
    (x) Names of products handled
    (xi) Name of source of supply of fertilizers

    6. Was the applicant ever convicted under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 or any Order issued there under including the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1957 during the last three years preceding the date of application ? If so give details.

    7. Give the details of the fertilizers to be handled

    Sl.No. Name of Fertilizer Source of supply

    8. Please attach certificate(s) of source from the supplier(s) indicated under column 3 of Sl.No. 7.

    9. I have deposited the registration fee of Rs. -----------------------------vide Challan No. ------------------------- dated -------------------- in treasury/Bank * or enclose the Demand Draft No. -----------------------dated -------------------- for Rs. ----------------------------- drawn on ----------------------------------bank, in favour of ----------------------------------------------------------------------------payable at ---------------------------------- towards registration fee. (Please strike our whichever is not applicable).

    10. Declaration :-

    (a) I/we declare that the information given above is true to the best of my/our knowledge and belief and no part thereof is false.
    (b) I/we gave carefully read the terms and conditions of the Certificate of Registration given in form 'B' appended to the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and agree to abide by them.
    *(c) I/we declare that I/we do not possess a certificate of registration for industrial dealer and that I/we shall not sell fertilizers for industrial use. (Applicable in case a person intends to obtain a wholesale dealer or retail dealer certificate of registration, excepting a State Government, a manufacturer or importer or a pool handling agency).
    ________________________________________________________
    * Vide S.O. No.795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    *(d) I/we declare that I/we do not possess a certificate of registration for wholesale dealer or retail dealer and that I/we shall not sell fertilizers for agricultural use. (Applicable in case a person intends to obtain a industrial dealer certificate of registration, excepting a State Government, a manufacturer, importer or a pool handling agency).



    Signature of the Applicant(s)

    Date :
    Place :

    Note :-

    (1) Where the business of selling fertilizers is intended to be carried on at more than one place, a separate application should be made for registration in respect of each such place.

    (2) Where a person intends to carry on the business of selling fertilizers both in retail and wholesale, separate applicable for retail and wholesale business should be made.

    (3) Where a person represents or intends to represent more than one State Government , Commodity Board, Manufacturer/importer or wholesale dealer, separate certificate of source from each such source should be enclosed.


    For use in Office of Registering Authority * Controller


    Date of receipt : Name and designation of
    Officer receiving the
    application




    * Vide S.O. No.795 (E) dt. 22.11.91

    EMBLEM

    FORM 'B'

    (See Clause 9)

    Book No. _____________Registration No. ___________________
    Date of Issue ___________________
    Valid upto ___________________

    CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION TO CARRY ON THE BUSINESS OF SELLING FERTILIZERS AS A WHOLESALE/RETAIL/* INDUSTRIAL DEALER IN THE STATE OF _______________

    -------------------------- is hereby granted certificate of registration to carry on the business of selling fertilizers in retail/wholesale/*for industrial use at the place specified below in the State of ----------------------------- subject to the terms and conditions specified below and to the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PLACE AND TYPE OF BUSINESS

    Name and style Location Location Type of Source
    by which the of sale of godowns fertilizer of supply
    business is depot attached to 
    carried on sale depot

    Date : *Controller / Registering Authority
    Seal : State of -----------------------------------------------------

    Terms and conditions of Certificate of registration ;

    (1) This certificate of registration shall be displayed in a prominent and conspicious place in a part of the business premises open to the public.

    (2) The holder of the certificate shall comply with the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Order 1985 and the notification issued thereunder for the time being in force .

    * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    (3) The certificate of registration shall come into force immediately and be valid upto ----------------------
    UNLESS PREVIOUSLY CANCELLED OR SUSPENDED
    (4) The holder of the certificate shall from time to time report to the Registering Authority any change in the premises of sale depot and godowns attached to sale depot.
    (5) The *wholesale dealer/retail dealer shall submit a report to the Registering Authority, with a copy to the Block Development Officer or such other officer as the State Government may notify, in whose jurisdiction the place of business is situated, by the 5th of every month, showing the opening stock, receipts, sales and closing stocks of fertilizers in the preceding month. He shall also submit in time such other returns as may be prescribed by the Registering Authority.
    *(6) The industrial dealer shall submit a report to the Central Government by the 15h of April for the preceding year, showing the opening stocks as on 1st April of the reporting year, source-wise receipts during the year, sale and closing stocks of fertilizers along with the source-wise purchase/sale price.
    *(7) The wholesale or the retail dealer, except where such a dealer is a State Government, a manufacturer, importer or a pool handling agency, shall not sell fertilizers for industrial use and, as the case may be, an industrial dealer for agricultural use.
    Note (a) The original is meant for the holder of the certificate which will be delivered against his proper and adequate acknowledgement. The original certificate of registration shall be torn off at the place perforated while all duplicates shall be kept intact bound in the registration book by the Registering Authority.
    (b) Where the business of selling fertilizers is intended to the carried on at more than one place, a separate registration certificate should be obtained in respect of each such place.
    (c) Where a person intends to carry on the business of selling fertilizers both in retail and wholesale *and, as the case may be, a State Government, a manufacturer, importer or a pool handling agency, also for industrial use, separate registration certificate should be obtained for retail and wholesale business and *for sale for industrial use.

    * Vide S.O. No.795 (E) dt. 22.11.91

    EMBLEM
    FORM 'C'
    (See Clause 11)

    APPLICATION FOR RENEWAL OF THE CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION TO CARRY ON THE BUSINESS OF SELLING FERTILIZERS IN RETAIL/WHOLESALE/*FOR INDUSTRIAL USE
    To,
    The Registering Authority/*Controller (If the application is for industrial dealer's certificate of Registration).

    Place :
    State :

    I/we hereby apply for renewal of the certificate of registration to carry on the business of selling fertilizers in retail/wholesale/*for industrial use under the name and style of ______________________________________________ The Certificate of registration desired to be renewed was granted by Registering Authority for the __________________________ (mention place and State) and alloted Registration Certificate No. ____________________ on the ________________ day of ________________ 19 _______.

    2.(i) I/we hereby declare that the situation of my/our premises where fertilizers are (a) stored and (b) sold is as stated below :

    (a) (b)
    Premises where Premises where
    fertilizers are stored fertilizers are sold

    (ii) I/we hereby declare that the fertilizer(s) in which I/we am/are carrying on the business of selling and the name(s) of manufacturer(s) / importer(s) , Commodity Board(s), State Government(s) and Wholesale Dealer(s) whom I/we represent are as stated below :

    (a) (b)
    Name(s) of fertilizer(s) Name(s)of manufacturer(s) /importer(s)Commodity Board(s). Wholesale Dealer(s)

    * Vide S.O. 795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    3. I/we enclose a certificate of source from the manufacturer(s), importer(s), Commodity Board(s), State Government(s), Wholesale Dealer(s) whom I/we represent or intend to represent and from whom fertilizer(s) will be obtained by me/us.

    *4. I have deposited the renewal fee of Rs. _________________ vide Challan No. ____________ dated ___________ in Treasury/Bank ________________or I enclose the Demand Draft No. _______________dt. ______________ for Rs. _____________ drawn on ____________________Bank, in favour of ___________________________payable at _________________towards renewal fee (Please strike out whichever not applicable).

    Full Name and address Signature of applicant(s)
    of the applicant(s)
    (In block letters)

    Date :
    Place :

    Certified that the certificate of registration bearing number ___________ granted on __________ for the period from _________ to __________ to carry on the business of selling fertilizers in retail/wholesale/*for industrial use at the premises situated at ____________is hereby renewed till the __________________ unless previously suspended or cancelled under the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control), Order 1985.

    (a) (b) (c) (d)
    Location of sale depot Location of godowns attached to sale depot, where fertilizers will be stored Name(s) of fertilizer(s) for which certificate of registration is renewed. Name(s) of manufacturer(s), Commodity Board(s) State Government(s), Wholesale Dealer(s) whom the dealer represents.


    Date : *Controller/Registering Authority

    Renewal number : Place :

    Seal State :

    * Vide S.O. No.795 (E) dt. 22.11.91
    EMBLEM
    FORM 'D'
    [See Clause 14(2) (a) & 18(1]

    FORM OF APPLICATION TO OBTAIN A CERTIFICATE OF MANUFACTURE OF PHYSICAL/GRANULATED MIXTURE OF FERTILIZERS/
    RENEWAL

    To,
    The Registering Authority
    Place ________________
    State of _______________

    (1) Full named and address of the applicant :
    (2) Does the applicant possess the qualification prescribed by the State Government under sub-clause (1) of clause 14 of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985;
    (3) Is the applicant a new comer ? (Say 'Yes' or 'No'):
    (4) Situation of the applicant's premises where physical/granulated misture will be prepared ;
    (5) Full particulars regarding chemical analysis of the physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers/ mixture of micronutrient Fertilizers *for which the certificate is required and the raw materials used in making the mixture ;
    (6) Full particulars of any other certificate of manufacture, if any, issued by any other Registering Authority.
    (7) How long has the applicant been carrying on the business of preparing physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers/*mixture of micro-nutrient fertilizers /
    (8) Quantities of each physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers/*mixture of micro-nutrient fertilizers (in tonnes) in my/our possession on the date of the application and held at different addresses noted against each :
    (9) (i) If the applicant has been carrying on the business of preparing physical/granulated mixtures of fertilizers/*mixture of micro-nutrient fertilizers, give all particulars of such mixtures handled, the period and the place(s) at which the mixing of fertilizers was done :
    (ii) Also give the quantities of physical/granulated fertilizer mixtures handled during the past calendar year.


    * Amended Vide S.O. 725 (E) dt. 28.7.88
    (10) If the application is for renewal, indicate briefly why the original certificate could not be acted in within the period of its validity.
    (11) I have deposited the prescribed registration certificate fee/renewal fee :

    Declaration

    (a) I/we declare that the information given above is true and correct to the best of my/our knowledge and belief, and no part thereof is false.
    (b) I/we have carefully read the terms and conditions of the certificate of manufacture given in Form F appended to the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and agree to abide by them.
    (c) I/we declare that the physical/granulated mixture for which certificate of manufacture is applied for shall be prepared by me/us or by a person having such qualifications as may be prescribed by the State Government from time to time or by any other person under my/our direction, supervision and control or under the direction, supervision and control of person having the said qualifications.
    *(d) I/we declare that the requisite laboratory facility specified by the Controller, under this Order is possessed by me/us.


    Name and address of applicant
    in block letters ; Signature of the applicant(s)


    Date :

    Place :











    * Vide S.O. No. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.1991

    EMBLEM
    FORM 'E'
    [See Clause 14(2) (b)]
    FORM OF APPLICATION TO OBTAIN A CERTIFICATE OF MANUFACTURE FOR SPECIAL MIXTURE OF FERTILIZERS
    To,
    The Registering Authority
    Place ----------------------- State --------------------
    (1) Full name and address of the applicant :
    (2) Does the applicant posses qualifications prescribed by the State Government under sub-clause 91) of 14 of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.
    (3) Name and address of the person requiring the special mixture of fertilizers ;
    (4) Particulars of certificate(s) of manufacture already obtained from the same Registering Authority:
    (5) Situation of the applicant's premises where fertilizers are/will be mixed :
    (6) Full particulars regarding chemical analysis of the special mixture of fertilizers required to be manufactured and the materials used in making the special mixture :
    (7) I am enclosing an attested copy of the requisition made by the purchases of the special mixture of fertilizers ;
    (8) I have deposited the prescribed registration certificate fee:
    Declaration :
    (a) I/we declare that the information given above is true and correct to the best of my/our knowledge and belief, and no part thereof is false.
    (b) I/we have carefully read the terms and conditions of the certificate of manufacture given in Form G appended to the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and agree to abide by them.
    (c) I/we declare that the special mixture for which a certificate of manufacture is applied for shall be prepared by me/us or by a person having such qualifications as may be prescribed by the State Government from time to time or by any other person under my/our direction, supervision and control or under the direction, supervision and control of person having the said qualifications.
    *(d) I/we declare that the requisite laboratory facility specified by the Controller, under this Order is possessed by me/us.
    Name and address of applicant
    in block letters : Signature of the applicant(s)
    Date : Place :
    * Vide S.O. No. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.1991
    EMBLEM
    FORM 'F'
    [See Clause 15(2) & 18(2)]

    Book No. ___________ Certificate No. ______________
    Date of Issue ________________
    Valid upto ________________

    CERTIFICATE OF MANUFACTURE IN RESPECT OF PHYSICAL/GRANULATED MIXTURE OF FERTILIZERS OR MIXTURE OF MICRO NUTRINTS FERTILIZERS*

    ________________________________ is hereby given the certificate for manufacture of the physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers or * specified below subject to the terms and conditions of this certificate and to the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.

    Full particulars of the Full address of the premises where the
    mixture of fertilizers mixture of fertilizers or* mixture of
    micro-nutrient fertilizers will be made

    Date : Registering Authority
    Seal : State :
    Renewed upto ____________

    Date : Registering Authority
    Seal : State :

    Terms and conditions of this certificate :

    (1) The holder of this certificate shall display the original thereof in a conspicuous place open to the public in a part of the principal's premises in which the business of making the physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers or *mixture of micro-nutrient fertilizers is carried on and also a copy of such certificate in similar manner in every other premises in which that business is carried on. The required number of copies of the certificate shall be obtained on payment of the fees thereof.


    * Amended Vide S.O. 725 (E) dated 28.7.88



    (2) The holder of this certificate shall not keep in the premises in which he carries on the business of making physical/granulated mixture of fertilizers any mixture of fertilizers *or mixture of micro-nutrient fertilizers in respect of which a certificate of registration has not been obtained under the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.
    (3) The holder of this certificate shall comply with the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Act, 1985 and the notification, order and direction issued thereunder for the time being in force.
    (4) The holder of the certificate shall report forthwith to the Registering Authority any change in the premises specified in the certificate or any new premises in which he carried on the business of making physical/granulated mixture or* mixture of micro nutrient fertilizers and shall produce before the authority the original certificate and copies thereof so that necessary corrections may be made therein by that authority.
    (5) The holder of this certificate shall ensure that the physical/granulated mixture*or mixture of micro-nutrient fertilisers in respect of which a certificate of registration has been obtained is prepared by him or by a person having such qualifications, as may be prescribed by the State Government, from time to time or by any other person under the direction, supervision and control of the holder, or the person having the said qualifications.
    (6) The certificate and copies thereof, if any, will be machine numbered and delivered against the signature of the holders thereof or his agent on the carbon copy of the certificate which will be kept intact bound in the "Certificate Book" by each Registering Authority.











    * Vide S.O. 725 (E) date4d 28.7.88
    EMBLEM
    FORM 'G'
    [See Clause 15(2)]

    Book No. ------------------------------- Certificate No. ------------------------
    Date of issue ------------------------

    CERTIFICATE OF MANUFACTURE IN RESPECT OF THE SPECIAL MIXTURE OF FERTILIZERS

    ---------------------------------- is/are hereby given this certificate for the preparation of ------------------------ tonnes of special mixture of fertilizer specified below subject to the terms and conditions of this certificate, and to the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.

    Full particulars of the special mixture of fertilizers

    2. The certificate is valid upto ----------------------------------------------

    Full address of the premises where the special mixture of fertilizers will be made


    Date : Registering Authority

    Seal : State :

    Terms and conditions of this certificate :

    (1) The holder of the certificate shall display the original thereof in a conspicuous place open to the public in a part of the principal premises in which the business of making the special mixture of fertilizers is carried on and also a copy of such certificate in similar manner, in every other premises in which that business is carried on.

    The required number of copies of the certificate shall be obtained on payment of fees therefor.

    (2) The holder of this certificate shall not keep in the premises in which he carries on the business of making special mixture of fertilizers, any mixture of fertilizers in respect of which a certificate of manufacture has not been obtained under the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.


    (3) The holder of the certificate shall comply with the provisions of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and the notification, orders, and directions issued there under for the time being in force.

    (4) The holder of this certificate shall report forthwith to the Registering Authority any change in the premises specified in the certificate or any new premises in which he carries on the business of making the special mixture and shall produce before the authority the original certificate and copies thereof so that necessary corrections may be made therein by that authority.

    (5) The holder of this certificate shall ensure that the special mixture in respect of which a certificate of manufacture has been obtained is prepared by him or by a person having such qualifications as may be prescribed by the State Government from time to time or any other person under the direction, supervision and control of the holder or person having the said qualifications.

    Note :-

    The certificate and copies thereof, if any, will be machine numbered and delivered against the signature of the holder thereof or his agent on the carbon copy of the certificate which will be kept intact bound in the "Certificate Book" by each Registering Authority.


















    EMBLEM
    FORM 'H'
    [See Clause 23(1) (b)]

    APPLICATION FOR GRANT OF PERMISSION TO SELL NON-STANDARD FERTILIZERS
    To,
    The Registering Authority
    State of ---------------------
    (1) Full name and address of the applicant :
    (2) The name of fertilizers in which the applicant has been authorised to carry on business :
    (3) Number and date of registration certificate granted in favour of the applicant :
    (4) The particulars of non-standard fertilizers which are intended to be sold :
    (i) Name of the fertilizer :
    (ii) The source from which the fertilizers were originally purchased and the period during which they have been held by the applicant.
    (iii) Brief reasons leading to the material having become non-standard.
    (iv) The chemical specifications as analysed by an authorised chemical laboratory :
    (v) Name and appearance of the non-standard fertilizers.

    Note : Chemical analysis to be indicated shall be one which has been certified by an authorised chemical laboratory on the basis of the samples drawn, sealed and despatched in the presence of the local Inpsector of Fertilizers or anybody authorised to inspect the fertilizers.
    I enclose a copy of the certificate of registration for dealing in fertilizers already granted to me and I have deposited the prescribed fee for permission to sell non-standard fertilizers.
    I certify, that I will comply with the requirements of sub-clause(a) of clause 23 of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 which requires that each container of non-standard fertilizers is to be conspicuously super scribed with the words 'Non-standard' and also with the sign 'X' both in red colour.
    Signature of the applicant
    Name and address of applicant in
    block letters ------------------------
    ----------------------------------------

    Date : Place :
    EMBLEM
    FORM 'I'
    [See Clause 23(1) (b)]
    Book No. ---------------------------------- Date of issue ------------------
    Valid upto ----------------------------

    AUTHORISATION FOR THE SALE OF NON-STANDARD FERTILIZERS

    M/s. --------------------------------------------- is/are hereby permitted to sell the non-standard fertilizers described below subject to the terms and conditions noted here under .

    Particulars of non-standard fertilizer

    (1) Name of the fertilizer.

    (2) Detailed chemical specifications including the nutrient content.

    (3) Nature and appearance of the non-standard fertilizer.

    (4) Place of location of the non-standard fertilizer.

    Terms and conditions :

    (1) The seller of the non-standard fertilizer described above shall comply with the provisions of sub-clause(a) of Clause 23 of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985.
    (2) The non-standard fertilizers described above shall be sold at a price not exceeding ------------------------ per metric ton or -------------------------------- per bag of ------------------------------ Kgs.
    (3) The non-standard fertilizer described above shall be sold before the expiry of the validity period mentioned above or before the expiry of the extended period, if any.


    Date : Registering Authority

    Seal : State of --------------------------




    EMBLEM
    FORM 'J'
    [See Clause 28(1) (b)]

    FORM INDICATING PARTICULARS OF FERTILIZERS SAMPLED

    (1) Name and address of dealer/manufacture/importer --------------------

    (2) Date of sampling _______________________________________
    (3) Details of marking on bags from where sample has been 
    taken -------------------------------------------------------------------------
    (i) Type and grade of fertilizer with brand -----------------------------
    (ii) Name of Manufacture -------------------------------------------------
    (iii) Registration No.--------------------------------------------------------
    (iv) Lot No. and date of manufacture -----------------------------------
    (v) Composition ------------------------------------------------------------
    (4) Date of receipt of the stock by the dealer/manufacture/pool handing agency--------------------------------------------------------------
    (5) Serial No./Code No. of sample -------------------------------------------
    (6) Stock position of the lot ---------------------------------------------------
    (7) Physical condition of fertilizer -------------------------------------------
    (8) Whether samples drawn from open bags or stitched bags
    (9) Name and Address of fertilizer inspector drawing sample --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Signature & Metallic Seal
    impression of Fert. Inspector

    RECEIPT OF THE DEALER
    Certified that the sample of fertilizer has been drawn in accordance with the procedure lead 
    down in the fertilizer (control) order, 1985 from the stock in my [possession , and I have signed the test samples at the time of wax sealing. I have also received one test sample out of the three test samples prepared.

    Signature and Seal of Signature of dealer/ 
    fertilizer Inspector Manufacture/ Pool handling
    Agency with Address
















    EMBLEM
    FORM ' K'
    (See Clause 30 (1)
    MEMORANDUM TO ACCOMPANY FERTILIZER SAMPLE FOIR ANALYSIS
    No.
    From
    .......................................
    .......................................
    ......................................
    To,
    Incharge
    Fertilizer Quality Control Laboratory,

    The fertilizer Samples as per details given below are sent for analysis:-
    (1) Name of fertilizer, grade and brand---------------------------------------
    (2) Date of sampling --------------------------------------------------------No. of samples taken --------------------------------------------------
    (3) Serial No. of sample ----------------------------------------------------
    (4) Physical condition of fertilizer ----------------------------------------
    (5) Code No. of sample ----------------------------------------------------
    2. The analysis report may please be forward to --------------------------
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Place: Signature of Fertilizer Inspector 
    Date: 

    EMBLEM
    FORM'L'
    ( See Clause 30 (2)
    ANALYSIS REPORT OF FERTILLIZER SAMPLE

    No.
    Government of 
    (Name of the Laboratory),
    Date.
    To
    The Fertilizer Inspector,
    .......................................
    ........................................
    The analysis Report of the Fertilizer Sample forwarded vide your reference No.................................................................. Dated............................. is as per details given below:-
    (1) Name of fertilizer, grade and brand ......................................................
    (2) Date of sampling ..................................................................................
    (3) Serial No. sample as indicated by the inspector ................................
    (4) Code No. of sample as indicated by the inspector .............................
    (5) Date of receipt of the sample in the laboratory ...................................
    (6) Laboratory sample No. .......................................................................
    (7) Date of Analysis of sample ..............................................................
    (8) Chemical Analysis fertilizer (on fresh weight basis execpt in the case of urea on dry weight basis) .........................................................


    S.No. Specification as per F.C.O. Composition as per F.C.O. Variation Permissible tolerance limit
    (i) Moisture
    (ii) Total N
    (iii) NH4N
    (iv) NH4 NO3N
    (v) Urea N
    (vi) Total P2 O5
    (vii) Nitrate Ammonium
    Citrate soluble P2 O5
    (viii)Citric Acid
    Soluble P2 O5
    (ix) Water soluble P2 O5
    (x)Water soluble K 2O
    (xi) Particle size
    (xii) Others
    Remarks:- The sample is/is not according to specifications.

    Copy to:- Signature of the Incharge,
    Director of Agriculture Fertilizer Quality Control Laboratory
    .........................................
    ........................................


    EMBLEM
    FORM M"
    (See Clause 5)
    FORM FOR CASH/CREDIT MEMORANDUM TO BE ISSUED
    BY THE DEALER / MANUFACTURE/POLL HANDLING
    AGENCY TO BE PURCHASER OF FERTILISERS
    ST/CST No........................... 
    Sl. NO..........................................................
    Date : ............................................
    Certificate of Registration No.:................................................................
    Name and address of firm :......................................................................
    Name and Address of purchaser:...............................................................
    S.No. Name of Number Batch Quantity Rate Amount
    fertilizer of bags number
    and Brand (Wherever
    Name applicable)
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    1.
    2.
    x.
    xx. Total:- __________________ ST/CST @ ________________
    G.Total:-____________________
    Signature of purchaser Signature of dealer, etc.
    Form introduced vide S.O. 261 (E) dt. 16.4.1991.
    EMBLEM
    FORM “N”
    (See Clause 35 (1)
    FORM FOR STOCK REGISTER TO BE MAINTAINED BY THE DEALER/MANUFACTUR/POOL HANDLIND AGENCY.
    Page Number:-----------------
    Name of the Fertiliser....................................................

    Date Opening balance Receipts during the day Total Sales during the day closing Balance Remarks Signature of dealer

    1. Mention source 
    supply with Bill
    No. and date/
    2. Sl.No. of first and
    last cash/credit memo issued.
    Note :- The page of the stock register should be numbered. A certificate should be recorded by the inspecting authority confirmin g the pages in the register.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    *Form introduced vide S.O. 261 (E) dt.16.4.1991.




    EMBLEM
    FORM'O'
    (See Clause 8 and 11)

    CERTIFICATE OF SOURCE FOR CARRYIN G ON
    THE BUSINESS OF SELLING FERTILISERS IN
    WHOLESALER/RETAIL/FOR INDUSTRIAL USE



    No....................................... Date of issue .................................................................

    1. Particulars of the concern issuing the certificate of source
    (a) Name and full Address
    (b) Status: (i) State Government
    (ii) Manufacture
    (iii)Pool handling agency.
    (iv ) Wholesale dealer .
    (c) If manufacture of mixture of fertilizers, the details of certificate of manufacture of mixture of fertilizer s possessed:-
    (i) Number
    (ii) Date of issue
    (iii) Date of expiry
    (iv) Grades of mixtures of 
    fertilizers allowed to be 
    manufactured
    (v) Authority by whom issued .
    (d) Details of certificate of registration 
    (i) Number
    (ii) Date of issue
    (iii) Date of expiry
    (iv) Authority by whom issued.
    2. Particulars of the person to whom the certificate of source is being issued. 
    (a) Name and full Address
    (b) Status
    (i) Wholesale dealer
    (ii) Retail dealer
    (iii) Industrial dealer
    (c) If holds a valid certificate of registration, the details therefore.
    (i) Number
    (ii) Date of issue
    (iii) Date of expiry
    (iv) Authority by whom issued
    (d) Propose of obtaining the certificate of source:
    (i) For obtaining a fresh certificate of Registration
    (ii) For renewal of the certificate of registration.
    3. Details of fertilizer (s) to be supplied.:
    S.No. Name of fertilizer Trade mark/Brand name
    1. 2 3
    1.
    2
    3.
    4. Declaration : Declared that the fertilizers mentioned above will be supplied confirming to the standards laid down under fertilizer (control) order, 1985, as the case may be, grades/ formulations (of mixtures of fertilizers) notified by the Central/State Government and packed and marked in container as provided under clause 21 of the fertilizer (Control) Order 1985.

    Signature with stamp of 
    the Authorised Officer.
    APPENDIX-I
    No..12-17/86, Fert .Law
    Government of India,
    Ministry of Agriculture,
    Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
    New Delhi ,the 13th January, 1987

    Sub:- F.C.O. 1985 - Sale of small qualities of fertilizers for gardening purpose -exemption to the dealers – clarification .

    Sir,
    I am directed to say that doubt has been raised by a few organisations with regard to the grant exemption to the dealers from obtaining certificate of registration under fertilizer (Control ) order, 1985, for sale of fertilizers in small quantities / packets for use in flower beds, kitchen garden, lawns etc:-
    2. It may kindly be recalled that under clause 7 of fertilizer(Control) order, 1957, the state Government were empowered to exempt retail dealers of fertilizers in such areas and subject to such condition as may be specified by them in the notification published in official Gazette , from obtaining the certificate of registration. Subsequently , the intention behind the said provision was clarified to the States and the State Governments were advised to select firms of repute, preferably cooperative and others, and allot them, from time to time, such quantity ;of fertilizers as they may deem sufficient for sale in retail in small packets weighing not more than 5 kgs (net) of fertilizer( both straight and in the form of mixtures ) vide this Ministry's letter No. 16-28/61-M dated 27.3.1962. The said provision was made to facilitate the easy availability of fertilizers for use in flower beds, kitchen gardens, lawns etc.
    3. Under the Fertilizer (Control ), Order 1985, a provision similar to clause 5(2) of Fertilizer (Control) order 1957 has been made under' Proviso' to clause 7, empowering the State Government to exempt any person selling fertilizer to farmers in such areas and subject to such conditions, as may be specified by; the State Government by notification in the Official Gazette. The State Government therefore may grant; exemption to the dealers for marketing fertilizers in small packing, weighing not more than 5 kgs. (net), under Fertilizer Control Order, 1985, as they were doing in pursuance to this Ministry's letter No.16-28/61-M dated 27-3-1962.
    The State Government may kindly acknowledge the receipt of this letter which may be widely circulated to the licencing and registering authorities and the enforcement staff to made clear the intention.
    Sd/-
    (R.Kandir)
    Under Secretary to the Government of India.
















    APPENDIX –2
    No.1-2/87,Fert.Law
    Government of India
    Ministry of Agriculture,
    Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
    New Delhi, the 9th November, 1987
    ORDER
    S.O.977(E). In pursuance of sub-clause 21 of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 19875, and in supersession of G.S.R.93 (E) dated the 6th February 1986, the Controller of Fertilizer hereby specifies that, every manufacturer of straight fertilizers, complex fertilizers, physical mixtures, granulated mixtures, special mixtures, micronutrient fertilizers ,bone meal (raw), bone meal ( steamed) and rock phosphate shall legibly mark on the containers of such fertilizers the following particulars, namely:-
    (a) On containers of straight fertilizers:
    " (1) Name of the Manufacture/Pool handling agency" /importer(where a manufacturer is also a pool handling agency , word 'P' and as the case may be, if an importer the word ‘I’ shall be written against the name of such manufacturer, if the bag contains imported fertilizer .
    (ii) Trade mark and/or Brand name , if any
    **(iii) Name of the fertilizer in case of imported fertilizer the word
    * imported' shall be superscribed).
    (iv) Percent nutrient as total nitrogen, total P2O5 water soluble P2O5 and K2O to be denoted by the letter:

    P(T) 
    P(WS) 
    K
    respectively, wherever applicable , as per specifications in Schedule-1
    (v) Gross and net weight in kilogram, when packed.
    *(vi) Batch number (applicable only in the case of SSP manufacturers)
    *****(vii)(maximum retail price..........inclusive of all taxes (Applicable if the statutory price has not been fixed )" 
    (b)on containers of complexes –NP/NPK fertilizers :
    "(1) Name of manufacturer/ Pool handling agency / importer 
    (where a manufacturer is also a pool handling agency, word 'P' 
    as the case may be if an importer the word 'I' shall be 
    * Vide S.O.No. 260(E)dt. 16.4.1991 ** Vide S.O. 396(E) dt. 18.6.93.
    *** Vide S.O.355(E)dt. 3.6.93
    written against the name of such manufacturer, if the bag contains imported fertilizer)'
    (ii)Trade mark and /or Brand name, if any
    **(iii) Name of fertilizer ( in case of imported fertilizer the word' imported'
    shall be superscribed )
    (iv) Per cent nutrient as total nitrogen ,total P2O5. citrate soluble P2O5 ,water soluble K2O to be denoted by the letters:
    N. P(T) P(CS) P(WS) K
    respectively, where ever applicable, as per specifications in Schedule –1
    (v) Gross and and net weight in kilogram, when packed 
    ***(vi) Maximum retail price – inclusive of all taxes (Applicable ,if the statutory price has not been fixed).
    (c) 'On containers of physical /Granulated /NPK/Micronutrient mixtures /combinations of NPK and Micronutrients/Special mixtures
    **(i) Name of manufacture/importer (wherever manufacturer is also an Importer, the word '1' shall be written against the name of such manufacture, if bag contains the imported fertilizer).
    (ii) Manufacturing Certificate Number.
    (iii) Trade mark and/or Brand name, if any.
    **(iv) Name of fertilizer mixture (In case of imported fertilizer mixtures, the word 'Imported, shall be superscribed).
    (v) Per cent nutrient as total nitrogen, organic nitrogen, total P2O5, citrate soluble P2O5 water soluble P2O5 water soluble K2O to be denoted by the letters:
    N(T) N(Org.) P(T) P(CS) P(WS) K
    *Zn/Mn/B/Ferrous (Fe)/Cu/Mo/EDTA-Zn/EDTA-Fe
    respectively, wherever applicable, as per as per specifications notified by the Central or State Government in case of physical /granulated mixtures and approved by State Government in case of special mixturea.
    (vi) Gross and net weight in kilogram, when packed .
    (Note : Till the Grades of physical/granulated mixtures and notified by the Central Government as required under clause 13(1) , the grades notified by the State Government under fertilizer (control), 1957, shall remain in force).
    * Vide S.O. 260 (E) dt. 16.4.1991. ** Vide S.O. No. 396( E) dt. 18.6.93.
    *** Vide S.O. No.355 (E) dt. 3.6.93
    * (vii) Batch Number .
    *** (viii) Maximum Retail price –inclusive of all taxes (Applicable ,if Statutory price has not been fixed).
    (d) On containers of micronutrient fertilizers:
    **(i) Name of manufacture/importer (wherever manufacturer is also an importer the word , I shall be written against the name of such manufacture, if the bag contains imported fertilizers).
    (ii) Manufacturing / Registration certificate Number.
    (iii) Trade mark and/or Brand name if any .
    **(iv) Name of fertilizer (in case of improved imported fertilizer word imported shall be superserived).
    (v) Per cent nutrient as Zn/Mn/B/Ferrous/(Fe)/Cu/Mo/EDFTA – Zn/EDTA-Fe
    (vi) Gross and net weight in kilogram when packed .
    (vii) Batch number
    *** (viii) Maximum retail price - Inclusive of all taxes (applicable if the statutory price has not been fixed )
    (e) On containers of Bone Meal (Raw) and Bone(Steamed).
    **(i) Name of manufacturer/ importer ( wherever manufacturer is also an importer the word 'I' shall be written against the name of manufacture, if the bag contains imported fertilizers ).
    (ii) Manufacturing/ Registration certificate number .
    (iii) Trade mark and/ or Brand name if any 
    **(iv) Name of fertilizer(In case of imported fertilizer the word imported shall b e superscribed 
    (v) Per cent nutrient as total nitrogen, total P2O5 citric add soluble P2O5 to be denoted by the letters:
    N P(T) P(CAS)
    respectively, whenever applicable, as per specifications, in Schedule-1.
    *** (vi) Maximum retail price – inclusive of all taxes (Applicable if the sitatutory price has not been fixed)
    (f) On containers of Rock Phosphate:
    **(i) Name of manufacturer/importer(whenever manufacturer is also an importer the word :'I' shall be written against the name of such manufacturer, if the bag contains imported fertilizers)
    (ii)Registration Certificate number /manufacturing Certificate number.
    (iii) Trade mark and/or Brand name if any.
    (iv) Per cent nutrient as total P2O5 as specified in Schedule-1
    (v) Gross and net weight in kilogram, when packed. 
    *** (vi) Maximum retail price – inclusive of all taxes (Applicable if the statutory price has not been fixed.
    (g)` Abbrevlations 
    T-Total CS-Citrate Soluble WS-Water soluble 
    CAS-Citrate Acid soluble Org-Organic
    Sd/-
    (J.K.Arora)
    Joint Secretary to the Government of India
    *Vide S.O. 26(E) dt. 16.4.1991.
    ** Vide S.O. 396 (E) dt. 18.6.1993 *** Vide S.O. 355(E) dt. 3693


















    APPENDIX-3
    No.1-5/91-Ferti.Law
    Government of India
    Ministry of Agriculture
    Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
    New Delhi, the 16th April,1991
    NOTIFICATION


    S.O. No. 259 (E). In pursuance of clause 21 A of the fertilizer(Control) Order, 1985, the Controller of Fertilizer hereby specifies that every manufacturer of SSP fertilizers micro – nutrient fertilizers, physical/granulated mixtures of NPK, micro nutrients and combination hereof shall possess the following minimum laboratory facilities, namely:-
    (a) LIST OF EQUIPMLENTS REQUIRED FOR LABORATORY OF SSP PLANTS
    S.No. INSTRUMENTS NUMBER
    STANDARD SSSP PLANT SMALL SIZE SSSP PLANT
    1 2 3 4

    1 Electronic Analytical Balance 1 1
    2. PH Meter 1 1
    3. Sieve Shaker 1 1
    4. Oven 2 1
    5. Muffle Furnace n 1 1
    6. Vacuum Pump 1 -
    7. Hot Plate 4 2
    8 Deioniser 1 1
    9. Sample Grinder 4 2
    10. Water distillation plant 2 -
    11. Magnetic strirrer 2 1
    12. Other routine equipments 





    *(b) * EQUILPMENTS REQUIRED FOR LABORATORY OF MICRO NUTRIENT FERTILIZER (STRALIGHT)

    Sl.No. INSTRUMENTS NUMBER
    1 2 3
    1. Spectrophotometer 1
    2. PH Meter 1
    3. Electronic Analytical Balance 1
    4. Deioniser 1
    5. Water distillation plant
    6. Other routine equipments
    (c) EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED FOR LABORATORY OF N.P.K. MIXTURES
    S.NO. INSTRUMENTS NUMBER
    1. 2. 3.
    1. Analytical Balance 2
    2. Chemical Balance 1
    3. Oven 1
    4. Muffe Fumace 1
    5. Hot Plates 4
    6. Vacuum Pump 2
    7. Heating Mentle 4
    8. Sample Grinder 2
    9. Kjeldahl Digestions and Distillation unit 2
    10. Water Bath-cum-Shaker 2
    11. Deioniser 2
    12. Water Distillation plant 2
    13. Refrigerator 2
    14. Other routine equipments 

    * Amended vide S.O. 376 (E) dt. 29.5.1992

    *(d) EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED FOR LABORATORY OF MIXTURES OF MICRO-NUTRIENTS (WITHOUT NPK)

    S.NO INSTRUMENT NUMLBER
    1 2 3
    1. Automatic Absorption Spectrophotometer 1
    2. Spectrophotometer 1
    3. PH metre 1
    4. Electronic Analytical balance 1
    5. Deioniser 1
    6. Water distillation plant 1
    7. Other routine equipments
    *(e) EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED FOR LABORATORY OF MIXTURES MICRO- NUTRIENTS (WITH N.P.K.)
    .NO. INSTRUMENTS NUMLBER
    1 2 3
    1. Automatic Absorption Spectrophotometer 1
    2. Spectrophotometer 1
    3. PH metre 1
    4. Electronic Analytical balance 1
    5. Deioniser 1
    6. Water distillation plant 1
    7. Sieve Shaker 1
    8 Other routine equipments

    Amended vide S.O.376 (E) dt.29.5.1992






























    APPENDIX-4
    No.1-16/87-Fert.Law
    Government of India
    Ministry of Agriculture
    Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
    New Delhi, the 1st January, 1988

    NOTIFICATION
    S.O.11(E). In Pursuance of sub clause (3) of clause 23 of the Fertilizer(Control )Order, 1985, the Central Government hereby exempts the Food Corporation of India from the operation of the provision of paragraphs (a) and (b) of sub clause (1) of the said clause in respect of imported Fertilizer handled by them on behalf of the Centre Government.



    Sd/-
    (G. RANGA RAO)
    Joint Secretary to the Government of India.























    APPENDIX-5
    No.1-12/91-Fert.Law
    Government of India
    Ministry of Agriculture. and Cooperation
    New Delhi, November 22, 1991

    NOTIFICATION
    S.O. 796(E). In pursuance of sub-clause (4) of clause 36 of the Fertilizer (Control) order, 1985, the Controller hereby fixes the fee specified in column(2) of the Schedule annexed hereto, as fees playable for obtaining certificates specified in the corresponding entry the column (1) of Schedule, for sale of fertilizers for industrial purposes.

    SCHEDULE

    Name of certificate Fees ( In Rupees)

    1. Fresh certificate of registration for industrial dealer 1500.00
    2. Renewal of certificate of registration for industrial dealer 1500.00
    3. Late fee for renewal of certificate of registration for 
    Industrial dealer 50.00
    4. Amendment in certificate of registration for 
    Industrial dealer. 100.00
    5. Duplicate additional copies of certificate of 
    registration for industrial dealer 50.00

    2. The applications for the requisite certificate shall accompany with the demand draft for the specified amount drawn on any Scheduled Bank payable at Delhi, in favour of the Controller of Fertilizers.


    Sd/-
    (R.M. SETHI)
    JOINT SECRETARY TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA



















    THE FERTILIZER (MOVEMENT CONTROL)
    ORDER 1973


    AND

    THE ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1955



























    GOVERNMENT OF INDIA – MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
    (DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE)
    THE FERTILIZER (MOVEMENT CONTROL) ORDER 1973
    New Delhi, the 25th April 1973

    NOTIFICATION

    SRO 249(E). Whereas the Central Government i s of the opinion that it is necessary and expedient so to do for securing the equitable distribution of fertilizer in the States of India; now, therefore. In exercise of the powers conferred by Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (10 of 1955),
    the Central Government, hereby makes the following order namely:-
    1. Short title and commencement 
    (1) This order may be called the fertilizer (Movement Control) Order, 1973.
    (2.) It shall come into force on the date of it is publication in the Official Gazette .
    2. Definitions 
    (a) In this order unless the context otherwise requires ' export' means to take or cause to be taken out of any place within a State to any place outside that State.
    *(b) 'Fertilizer shall have the same meaning as in sub-clause (h) of clause 2 of the fertilizer(Control Order, 1985 but shall not include "Ammonium Sulphate" . Ammonium Chloride, 'Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (25% N)', Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (26% N) ' Bonemeal Raw', Bonemeal Steamed, ' 'Rock phosphate ', 'Potassium Sulphate', 'Zinc Sulphate ' 'Manganese Sulphate', 'Borax (Sodium Tetraborate) (Na,2 B4O7 10H2 O)', Solubor (Na2 B4 O7, 5H2O-Na2 B10 O16 10H2 O)',' 'Copper Sulphate (Cu SO4 5H2 O),' Ferrous Sulphate (FeSO4 7H2O)', Ammonium Molybdate (NH4) 6MO7O24.4H2O;'chelated Zinc as Zn-EDTA; 'Chelated Iron as Fe-EDTA and Zinc Sulphate,Monohydrate (ZnSO4.H2O) appearing at serial numbers 1(a)1,1(a) 4to 1(b) 6,1(c)2and 1 (f) 10 respectively, of Schedule –1(part-A) to that order .
    (c) State includes a Union Territory and 'State Government' in relation to a Union Territory means the Administrator thereof.

    * Amended vide Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (Dept. of Fertilizers) Order No. S.O. 28(E) dt. 23.12.1991. 


    3. Prohibition of export of fertilizer

    *No percent shall export or attempt export, or abet the export of any Fertilizer from any State;

    Provided that nothing in this clause shall apply to the export of Fertilizer under and accordance with an authority issued by the Government of India in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development or the Director of Agriculture of a State Government or any other officer authorised by the said State Government in this behalf.

    Provided further that ;the export of physical and granulated mixtures of fertilizers from one State to another shall be subject to an authorisation, allowing entry of the material in the State to which it is being exported, by; the Director of Agriculture or such other officer authorised by the said State Government in this behalf.

    4. Powers of entry, search, seizure, etc.

    (1) Any inspector of fertilizers appointed under clause 27 of the Fertilizer (control) Order, 1985*, or any; Police Officer not below the rank of a head constable may, with a view to securing compliance with this Order or to satisfy himself that this Order has been complied with.

    (a) Stop and search, any person, boat motor or any other vehicle or any; receptacle used or intended to be used for the export of fertilizers.
    (b) Enter and search any place;

    (c) Seize any fertilizer in respect of which he has reason to believe that any provision of this Order has been is being or is about to be contravened along with the packages, coverings or receptacles in which such fertilizer is found or animals , vehicles, vessels boats or conveyance used in carrying such fertilizer and thereafter take measures necessary for securing the production of the package, coverings receptacles, animals, vehicles, vessels, boats or conveyances so seized in a court and for their safe custody pending such production.

    (2) The provisions of Section 102 and 103 the Code of Criminal Procedures, 1898(5 of 1898) relating to search and seizure shall, so far as may be, apply to searches and seizures under this clause.

    * Amended vide GSR 351(E) dated 9th April,1985.
    @ Amended vide Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers , Department of Fertilizers Order No.S.O 28(E) dt.23.12.1991.
    The Essential Commodities Act, 1955
    (10 of 1955)
    [ 1st April, 1955]
    An Act to provide, in the interest of the general public, for the control of the production, supply and distribution of, and trade and commerce, in certain commodities.
    BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows :—
    1. Short title and extent—
    (1 ) This Act may be called the Essential Commodities Act, 1955.
    (2) It extends to the whole of India.
    2. Definitions—In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—
    (iia) "Collector" includes an Additional Collector and such other officer, not below the rank of Sub-Divisional Officer, as may be authorised by the Collector to perform the functions and exercise the powers of the Collector under this Act.
    (a) "essential commodity" means any of the following classes of commodities :-
    (i) cattle fodder, including oilcakes and other concentrates 
    (ii) coal including coke and other derivatives;
    (iii) component parts and accessories of automobiles; 
    (iv) cotton and woollen textiles;
    (iva) drugs;
    Explanation.—In this sub-clause,"drugs" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (b) of section 3 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (23 of 1940)
    (v)foodstuffs, including edible oilseeds and oils;
    (vi) iron and steel, including manufactured products of iron and steel; 
    (vii) paper, including newsprint, paperboard and straw board; 
    (viii) petroleum and petroleum products;
    (ix) raw cotton, whether ginned or unginned, and cotton seed;
    (x) raw jute;
    (xi) any other class of commodity which the Central Government may,by notified order, declare to be an essential commodity for the purposes of this Act, being a commodity with respect to which Parliament has power to make laws by virtue of entry 33 in List 111 in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution
    (b) "food-crops" include crops of sugarcane;
    (c) "notified order" means an order notified in the Official Gazette;
    (cc) "order" includes a direction issued there under;
    (d) "State Government," in relation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof;
    (e) "sugar" means -
    (i) any form of sugar containing more than ninety per cent of sucrose, including sugar candy;
    (ii) khandsari sugar or bura sugar or crushed sugar or any sugar in crystalline or powdered form, or
    (iii) sugar in process in vacuum pan sugar factory or raw sugar produced therein.
    3. Powers to control production, supply, distribution, etc., of essential commodities—
    (1) If the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary or expedient so to do for maintaining or increasing supplies of any essential commodity or for securing their equitable distribution and availability at fair prices, or for securing any essential commodity for the defence of India or the efficient conduct of military operations, it may, by order, provide for regulating, or prohibiting the production supply and distribution thereof and trade and commerce therein.
    (2) Without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by suSsection (1), an order made thereunder may provide— 
    (a) for regulating by licences, permits or otherwise the production or manufacture of any essential commodity; 
    (b) for bringing under cultivation any waste or arable land, whether appurtenant to a building or not, for the growing thereon of food-crops generally or of specified food-crops, and for otherwise maintaining or increasing the cultivation of food-crops generally, or of specified food-crops;
    (c) for controlling the price at which essential commodity may be bought or sold; 
    (d) for regulating by licences, permits or otherwise the storage, transport, distribution, disposal, acquisition use or consumption of, any essential commodity; 
    (e) for prohibiting the withholding from sale of any essential commodity ordinarily kept for sale;
    (f) for requiring any person holding in stock, or engaged in the production, or in the business of buying or selling, of any essential commodity,-
    (a) to sell the whole or a specified part of the quantity held in stock or produced or receiyed by him or,
    (b) in the case of any such commodity which is likely to be produced or received by him, to sell the whole or a specified part of such commodity when produced or received by him,to the Central Government or a State Government or to an officer or agent of such Government or to a Corporation owned or controlled by such Government or to such person or class of persons and in such circumstances as may be specified in the order.
    Explanation I—An order made under this clause in relation to food-grains, edible oilseeds or edible oils, may, having regard to the estimated production, in the concerned area, of such food grains, edible oilseeds and edible oils, fix the quantity to be sold by the producers in such area and may also fix, or provide for the fixation of, such quantity on a graded basis, having regard to the aggregate of the area held by, or under the cultivation of, the producers.
    Explanation 2—For the purposes of this clause, "production" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions includes manufacture of edible oils and sugar; 
    (g) for regulating or prohibiting any class of commercial or financial transactions relating to foodstuffs or cotton textiles which, in the opinion of the authority making the order, are, or, if unregulated, are likely to be, detrimental to the public interest;
    (h) for collecting any information or statistics with a view to regulating or prohibiting any of the aforesaid matters;
    (i)for requiring persons engaged in the production, supply or distribution of or trade and commerce in, any essential commodity to maintain and produce for inspection iuch books, accounts and records relating to their business and to furnish such information relating thereto, as may be specified in the order; 
    (ii)for the grant or issue of licences, permits or other documents, the charging of fees therefor, the deposit of such sum, if any, as may be specified in the order as security for the due performance of the conditions of any such licence, permit or other document, the forfeiture of the sum so deposited or any part thereof for contravention of any such conditions, and the adjudication of such forfeiture by such authority as may be specified in the order; 
    (j) for any incidental and supplementary matters, including, in particular, the entry, search or examination of premises, aircraft, vessels, vehicles or other conveyances and animals, and the seizure by a person authorised to make such entry, search or examination.
    (i)of any articles in respect of which such person has reason to believe that a contravention of the order has been, is being, or is about to be, committed and any packages, coverings or receptacles in which such articles are found; 
    (ii)of any aircraft, vessel, vehicle or other conveyance or animal used in carrying such article, if such person has reason to believe that such aircraft, vessel, vehicle or other conveyance or animal is liable to be forfeited under the provisions of this Act; 
    (iii)of any books of accounts and documents which in the opinion of such person, may be useful for, or relevant to, any proceeding under this Act and the person from whose custody such books of accounts or documents are seized shall be entitled to make copies thereof or to take extracts therefrom in the presence of any officer having the custody of such books of accounts or documents.
    (3) Where any person sells any essential commodity in compliance with an order made with reference to clause (f) of sub-section (2), there shall be paid to him the price therefor as hereinafter provided : 
    (a)where the price can, consistently with the controlled price, if any, fixed under this section, be agreed upon, the agreed price; 
    (b)where no such agreement can be reached, the price calculated with reference to the controlled price, if any; 
    (c)where neither clause (a) nor clause (b) applies, the price calculated at the market rate prevailing in the locality at the date of sale.
    (3A) (i) If the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary so to do for controlling the rise in prices or preventing the hoarding, of any food-stuff in any locality, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), the price at which the food-stuff shall be sold in the locality in compliance with an order made with reference to clause (f) of sub-section (2) shall be regulated in accordance with the provisions of this sub-section.
    (ii) Any notification issued under this sub-section shall remain in force for such period not exceeding three months as may be specified in the notification.
    (iii) Where, after the issue of a notification under this sub-section, any person sells foodstuff of the kind specified therein and in the locality so specified, in compliance with an order made with reference to clause (f) of sub-section (20), there shall be paid to the seller as the price therefor—
    (a)where the price can, consistently with the controlled price of the foodstuff, if any, fixed under this section, be agreed upon, the agreed price:
    (b)where no such agreement can be reached, the price calculated with reference to the controlled price, if any;
    (c)where neither clause (a) nor clause (b) applies, the price calculated with reference to average market rate prevailing in the locality during the period of three months immediately preceding the date of the notification.
    (iv) For the purposes of sub-clause (c) of clause (iii), the average market rate prevailing in the locality shall be determined by an officer authorised by the Central Government in this behalf, with reference to the prevailing market rates for which published figures are available in respect of that locality or of a neighbouring locality; and the average market rate so determined shall be final and shall not be called in question in any court.
    (3B) Where any person is required, by an order made with reference to clause (f) of sub-section (2), to sell to the Central Government or a State Government or to an officer or agent of such Government or to a Corporation owned or controlled by such Government, any grade or variety of food grains, edible oilseeds or edible oils in relation to which no notification has been issued under sub-section (3A), or such notification having been issued, has ceased to be-in force, there shall be paid to the person concerned, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in subsection (3), an amount equal to the procurement price of such foodgrains, edible oilseeds or edible oils, as the case may be, specified by the State Government, with the previous approval of the Central Government having regard to— 
    (a)the controlled price, if any, fixed under this section or by or under any other law for the time being in force for such grade or variety of foodgrains, edible oilseeds or edible oils; 
    (b)the general crop prospects; 
    (c)the need for making such grade or variety of foodgrains, edible oilseeds or edible oils available at reasonable prices to the consumers, particularly the vulnerable sections of the consumers; and 
    (d)the recommendations, if any, of the Agricultural Prices Commission with regard to the price of the concerned grade or variety of foodgrains, edible oilseeds or edible oils.
    (3C) Where any producer is required by an order made with reference to clause (f) of sub section (2) to sell any kind of sugar (whether to the Central; Government or a State Government or to an officer or agent of such Government or to any other person or class of persons) and either no notification in respect of such sugar has been issued under sub-section (3A) or any such notification, having been issued, has ceased to remain in force by efflux of time, then, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), there shall be paid to that producer an amount therefor which shall be calculated with reference to such price of sugar as the Central Government may, by order, determine, having regard to—
    (a)the minimum price, if any, fixed for sugarcane by Central Government under this section; 
    (b)the manufacturing cost of sugar;
    (c)the duty or tax, if any, paid or payable thereon; and
    (d)the securing of a reasonable return on the capital employed in the business of manufacturing sugar,and different prices may be determined from time to time for different areas or for different factories or for different kinds of sugar.
    Explanation-- For the purposes of this sub-section, "producer" means a person carrying on the business of manufacturing sugar.


    (4) If the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary so to do for maintaining or increasing the production and supply of an essential commodity, it may, by order, authorize any person (hereinafter referred to as an authorsed controller) to exercise with respect to the whole or any part of any such undertaking engaged in the production and supply of the commodity as may be specified in the order such functions of control as may be provided therein and so long as such orde is in force with respect to any undertaking or part thereof,--
    (a)0the authorized controller shall exercise his functions in accordance with any instructions given to him by the Central Government, so, however, that he shall not have any power to give any direction inconsistent with the provisions of any enactment or any instrument determining the functions of the persons in-charge of the management of the undertaking, except in so far as may be specifically provided by the order; and
    (b)the undertaking or part shall be carried on in accordance with any directions given by the authorised controller under the provisions of the order, and any person having any functions of management in relation to the undertaking or part shall comply with any such directions .
    (5) An order made under this section shall,--
    (a)in the case of an order of a general nature or affecting a class of persons, be notified in the Official Gazette; and 
    (b)in the case of an order directed to a specified individual be served on such individual—
    (i)by delivering or tendering it to that individual, or
    (ii) if it cannot be so delivered or tendered, by affixing it on the outer door or some other conspicuous part of the premises in which that individual lives, and a written report there of shall be prepared and witnessed by two persons living in the neighbourhood.
    (6) Every order made under this section by the Central Government or by any officer or authority of the Central Government shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament, as soon as may be, after it is made.
    4. Imposition of duties on State Government, etc.—An order made under section 3 may confer powers and impose duties upon the Central Government or the State Government or officers and authorities of Central Government or State Government, and may contain directions to any State Government or to officers and authorities thereof as to the exercise of any such powers or the discharge of any such duties.
    5. Delegation of powers—The Central Government may, by notified order, direct that the power to make orders or issue notifications under section shall, in relation to such matters and subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the direction, be exercisable also by—
    (a)such officer or authority subordinate to the Central Government; or 
    (b)such State Government or such officer or such authority subordinate to a State Government, as may be specified in the direction.
    6. Effect of orders inconsistent with other enactments—Any order made under section 3 shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any enactment other than this Act or any instrument having effect by virtue of any enactment other than this Act.
    6A. Confiscation of essential commodity—
    (1) Where any essential commodity is seized in pursuance of any order made under section 3 in relation thereto, a report of such seizure shall, without unreasonable delay, be made to the Collector of the district or the Presidency town in which such essential commodity is seized and whether or not a prosecution is instituted for the contravention of such order, the Collector may, if he thinks it expedient so to do, direct the essential commodity so seized to be produced for inspection before him, and if he is satisfied that there has been a contravention of the order may order confiscation of –
    (a)the essential commodity so seized; 
    (b)any package, covering or receptacle in which such essential commodity is found; and 
    (c)any animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance used in carrying such essential commodity :
    Provided that without prejudice to any action which may be taken under any other provision of this Act, no foodgrains or edible oilseeds in pursuance of an order made under section 3 in relation thereto from a producer shall, if the seized foodgrains or edible oilseeds have been produced by him, be confiscated under this section :
    Provided further that in the case of any animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance used for the carriage of goods or passengers for hire, the owner of such animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance shall be given an option to pay, in lieu of its confiscation, a fine not exceeding the market price at the date of seizure of the essential commodity sought to be carried by such animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance.
    (2) Where the Collector, on receiving a report of seizure or on inspection of any essential commodity under sub-section (I), is of the opinion that the essential commodity is subject to speedy and natural decay or it is otherwise expedient in the public interest so to do, he may—
    (i)order the same to be sold at the controlled price, if any, fixed for essential commodity under this Act or under any other law for the time being in force; or 
    (ii)where no such price is fixed, order the same to be sold by public auction :
    Provided that in case of foodgrains, the Collector may, for its equitable distribution and availability at fair prices, order the same to be sold through fair price shops at the price fixed by the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, for the retail sale of such foodgrains to the public.
    (3) where any essential commodity is sold, as aforesaid, the sale proceeds thereof, after deduction of the expenses of any such sale or auction or other incidental expenses relating thereto, shall—
    (a)where no order or confiscation is ultimately passed by the Collector, 
    (b)where an order passed on appeal under sub-section (l) of section 6C so requires, or 
    (c)where in a prosecution instituted for the contravention of the order in respect of which an order of confiscation has been made under this section, the person concerned is acquitted be paid to the owner or the person from whom it is seized.
    6B. Issue of show cause notice before confiscation of essential commodity— 
    (1) No order confiscating any essential commodity shall be made under section 6A unless the owner of such essential commodity package, covering, receptacle, animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance or the person from whom it is seized— 


    (a)is given a notice in writing informing him of the grounds on which it is proposed to confiscate the essential commodity package, covering, receptacle, animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance; 
    (b)is given an opportunity of making a representation in wiring within such reasonable time as may be specified in the notice against the ground of confiscation; and 
    (c)is given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in the matter.
    (2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (l), no order confiscating any animal, vehicle vessel or other conveyance shall be made under section 6A if the owner of the animal, vehicle vessel or other conveyance proves to the satisfaction of the Collector that it was used in carrying the essential commodity without the knowledge or connivance of the owner himself, his agent, if any, and the person in charge of the animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance and that each of them had taken all reasonable and necessary precautions against such use.
    (3) No order confiscating any essential commodity package, covering, receptacle, animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance shall be invalid merely by reason of any defect or irregularity in the notice, given under clause (a) of sub-section (1), if, in giving such notice, the provisions of that clause have been substantially complied with.
    6C. Appeal—
    (1) Any person aggrieved by an order of confiscation under section 6A may, within one month from the date of the communication to him of such order, appeal to any judicial authority by the State Government concerned and the judicial authority shall, after giving an opportunity to the appellant to be heard, pass such order as it may think fit, confirming, modifying or annulling the order appealed against.
    (2) Where an order under section 6A is modified or annulled by such judicial authority, or where in a prosecution instituted for the contravention of the order in respect of which an order of confiscation has been made under section 6A, the person concerned is acquitted, and in either case it is not possible for any reason to return the essential commodity seized, such persons shall, except as provided by sub-section (3) of section 6A, be paid the price therefor as if the essential commodity, had been sold to the Government with reasonable interest calculated from the day of the seizure of the essential commodity and such price shall be determined— 
    (i)in the case of foodgrains, edible oilseeds or edible oils, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3B) of section 3; 
    (ii)in the case of sugar, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (3C) of section 3; and 
    (iii)in the case of any other essential commodity, in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3) of section 3.


    6D. Award of confiscation not to interfere with other punishments—The award of any confiscation under this Act by the Collector shall not prevent the infliction of any punishment to which the person affected thereby is liable under this Act.
    6E. Bar of jurisdiction in certain cases—Whenever any essential commodity is seized in pursuance of an order made under section 3 in relation thereto, or any package, covering or receptacle in which such essential commodity is found, or any animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance used in carrying such essential commodity is seized pending confiscation under section 6A, the Collector, or as the case may be, the State Government concerned under section 6C shall have, and, notwithstanding any thing to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force, any court, tribunal or other authority shall not have, jurisdiction to make orders with regard to the possession, delivery, disposal, release or distribution of such essential commodity, package, covering, receptacle, animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance.

    7. Penalties—
    (1) If any person contravenes any order made under section 3,— 
    (a) he shall be punishable,—
    (i)in the case of an order made with reference to clause (h) or clause (i) of sub-section (2) of that section, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year and shall also be liable to fine, and 
    (ii)in the case of any other order, with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine:
    Provided that the court may, for any adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than three months; 
    (b) any property in respect of which the order has been contravened shall be forfeited to the Government;
    (c) any package, covering or receptacle in which the property is found and any animal, vehicle, vessel or other conveyance used in carrying the commodity shall, if the court so orders, be forfeited to the Government.
    (2) If any person to whom a direction is given under clause (b) of sub-section (4) of section 3 fails to comply with the direction, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine:
    Provided that the court may, for any adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than three months.
    (2A) If any person convicted of an offence under sub-clause (ii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) or under sub-section (2) is again convicted of an offence under the same provision, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for the second and for every subsequent offence for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine:
    Provided that the court may for any adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than six months.
    (2B) For the purposes of sub-sections (1), (2) and (2A), the fact that an offence under sub-clause (ii) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) or under sub-section (2) has caused no substantial harm to the general public or to any individual, shall be an adequate and special reason for awarding a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than three months, or six months, as the case may be.
    (3) Where a person having been convicted of an offence under sub-section (1) is again convicted of an offence under that sub-section for contravention of an order in respect of an essential commodity, the Court by which such person is convicted shall, in addition to any penalty which may be imposed on him under that subsection, by order, direct that that person shall not carry on any business in that essential commodity for such period, not being less than six months, as may be specified by the Court in the order.
    7A. Power of Central Government to recover certain amounts as arrears of land revenue—
    (1) Where any person, liable to—
    (a) pay any amount in pursuance of any order made under section 3, or
    (b) deposit any amount to the credit of any Account or Fund constituted by or in pursuance of any order made under that section,
    makes any default in paying or depositing the whole or any part of such amount, the amount in respect of which such default has been made shall whether such order was made before or after the commencement of the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 1984, and whether the liability of such person to pay or deposit such amount arose before or after such commencement be recoverable by Government together with simple interest due thereon computed at the rate of fifteen per cent per annum from the date of such default to the date of recovery of such amount, as an arrears of land revenue or as a public demand.
    (2) The amount recovered under sub-section (1) shall be dealt with in accordance with the order under which the liability to pay or deposit such amount arose.
    (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or any contract to the contrary, no court, tribunal or other authority shall grant any injunction or make any order prohibiting or restraining any Government from recovering any amount as an arrears of land revenue or as a public demand in pursuance of the provisions of sub-section (1).
    (4) If any order, in pursuance of which any amount has been recovered by Government as an arrears of land revenue or as a public demand under subsection (1) is declared by a competent court, after giving to the Government a reasonable opportunity of being heard, to be invalid, the Government shall refund the amount so recovered by it to the person from whom it was recovered, together with simple interest due thereon, computed at the rate of fifteen per cent per annum, from the date of recovery of such amount to the date on which such refund is made.
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, "Government" means the Government by which the concerned order under section 3 was made or where such order was made by an officer or authority subordinate to any Government, that Government .
    8. Attempts and abetment—Any person who attempts to contravene, or abets a contravention of any order made under section 3 shall be deemed to have contravened that order.

    · Provided that where a person has abetted the contravention of any order for the purpose of procuring any essential commodity of the nature mentioned in sub-clause (iv a) or sub-clause (v) of clause (a) of section 2 for his own use or for the use of any member of his family or for the use of any person dependent upon him, and not for the purpose of carrying on any business or trade in such essential commodity, the court may, notwithstanding, anything contained in section 7 and for reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of fine only.

    9. False statement—If any person,— 
    (i)when required by any order made under section 3 to make any statement or furnish any information, makes any statement or furnishes any information which is false in any material particular and which he knows or has reasonable cause to believe to be false, or does not believe to be true, or 
    (ii)makes any such statement as aforesaid in any book, account, record, declaration, return or other document which he is required by any such order to maintain or furnish,
    he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both.

    10. Offences by companies—
    (1) If the person contravening an order made under section 3 is a company, every person who, at the time the contravention was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the contravention and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
    Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the contravention took place without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent such contravention.
    (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,— 
    (a) "company" means any body corporate, and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and 
    (b) "director" in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.
    10A. Offences to be cognizable and bailable—Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) every offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable.
    10B. Power of court to publish name, place of business, etc., of companies convicted under the Act—
    (1) Where any company is convicted under this Act, it shall be competent for the court convicting the company to cause the name and place of business of the company, nature of the contravention, the fact that the company has been so convicted and such other particulars as the court may consider to be appropriate in the circumstances of the case, to be published at the expense of the company in such newspapers or in such other manner as the court may direct.
    (2) No publication under sub-section (1) shall be made until the period for preferring an appeal against the order of the court has expired without any appeal having been preferred, or such an appeal, having been preferred, has been disposed of.
    (3) The expenses of any publication under sub-section (1) shall be recoverable from the company as if it were a fine imposed by the court.
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, "company" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (a) of the explanation of section 10.


    10C. Presumption of culpable mental state—
    (1) In any prosecution for any offence under this Act which requires a culpable mental state on the part of the accused, the court shall presume the existence of such mental state but it shall be a defence for the accused to prove the fact that he had no such mental state with respect to the act charged as an offence in that prosecution. 
    Explanation.—In this section, "culpable mental state" includes intention, motive, knowledge of an act and the belief in, or reason to believe, a fact.
    (2) For the purposes of this section, a fact is said to be proved only when the court believes it to exist beyond reasonable doubt and not merely when its existence is established by a preponderance of probability.
    11. Cognizance of offences—No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act except on a report in writing of the facts constituting such offence made by a person who is a public servant as defined in section 21 of the Indian Penal Code) or any person aggrieved or any recognised consumer association, whether such person is a member of that association or not. (45 1860)
    Explanation.—For the purposes of this section and section 1 2AA, "recognised consumer association" means a voluntary consumer association registered under the Companies Act, 1956 or any other law for the time being in force.(1 of 1956).

    12.A. Constitution of special courts.(1) The State Government may, for the purpose of providing speedy trial of the offences under this Act, by notification in the official Gazette, constitute as may special Courts as may be necessary for such area or areas as may be specified in the notification.
    A special Court shall consist of a single judge who shall be appointed by the High Court upon a request made by the State Government.

    Explanation;- In this sub-section, the word "appoint" shall have the meaning given to it in the explanation to section 9 of the code. 
    (3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a judge of a special court unless –
    (a) He is qualified for appointment as a judge of a High Court, or 
    (b) he has for a period of not less than one year, been a Sessions judge or an 

    Additional Sessions judge.
    12.A.A. Offences triable by Special Courts. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the code.
    (a) all offences under this Act shall be triable only by the special court constituted for the area in the Offence has been committed or where there are more special courts than one for such area, by such one of them as may be specified in this behalf by the High Court:

    (b) Where a person accused of or suspected of the commission of an offence under this Act is forwarded to a Magistrate under sub-section (2) or sub-section (2A) of section 167 of the code, such Magistrate may authorise the detention of such person in such custody as he thanks fit for period not exceeding fifteen days - in the whole where such magistrate is a Judicial Magistrate and seven days in the whole where such Magistrate is an Executive Magistrate.
    Provided that where such Magistrate consider – 
    (i) when such person is forwarded to him as aforesaid or 
    (ii) upon or at any time before the expiry of the period of detention authorised by him:

    that the detention of such person is unnecessary, he may, if he is satisfied that the case falls under the proviso to section 8, order the release of such person on bail and if he is not so satisfied, he shall order such person to be forwarded to the special Court having jurisdiction .

    (c) the special court may, subject to the provisions of clause (d) of this sub-section, exercise in relation to the person forwarded to it under clause (b), the same power which a Magistrate having jurisdiction to try a case may exercise under section 167 of the code in relation to an accused person in such case who has been forwarded to him under that section:
    (d) save as aforesaid no person accused of or suspected of the 
    commission of an offence under this Act shall be released on bail 
    by any court other than a special court or the High Court;
    Provided that a special court shall not released any such person on bail –

    (1) Without giving the prosecution an opportunity to oppose the application for such release unless the special court for reason to be recorded in writing, is opinion that it is not practicable to give such opportunity; and 
    (ii) where the prosecution opposes the application if the special court is satisfied that there appear reasonable grounds for believing that he has been guilty of the offence concerned:
    Provided further that the Special Court may direct that any such person may be released on bail if he is under the age of sixteen years or is a women or is a sick or infirm person, or if the Special Court is satisfied that it is just and proper so to do for any other special reason to be recorded in writing:

    (e) a Special Court may, upon a perusal of police report of the facts constituting an offence under this Act or upon a complaint made by an officer of the Central Government or a State Government authorised in this behalf by ;the Government concerned or any person aggrieved or any; recognized consumer association whether such person is a member of that association or not take cognizance of that offence without the accused being committed to it for trial.
    (f) all offences under this Act shall be tried summary way and 
    the provisions of sections 262 to 265 (both inclusive) of the code 
    shall as far as may be, apply to such trial.
    Provided that in the case of any conviction in a summary trial under this section, it shall be lawful for the special court to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
    (2) When trying an offence under this Act, a special court may be also try an offence other than an offence under this Act, with which the accused may, under the code, be charged at the same trial;

    Provided that such other offence is, under any other law for the time being in force, tribal in a summary way;

    Provided further that in the case of any conviction for such other offence in such trial, it shall not be lawful for the special court to pass a sentence of imprisonment for a term exceeding the term provide for conviction in a summary trial under such other law.

    (3) A special court may, with a view to obtaining the evidence
    of any person suspected to have been directly or indirectly concerned in, or privy to an offence under this Act, tender a pardon to such person on condition, of his making a full and true disclosure of the whole circumstances within his knowledge relating to the offence and to every other person concerned whether as principal or abettor in the commission thereof and any pardon so tendered shall, for the purposes of section 308 of the court code, be deemed to have been tendered under section 307 thereof.

    (4) Nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to effect the special powers of the High Court regarding bail under section 439 of the code and the High Court may exercise such powers including the power under clause (b) of sub- section (1) of that section as if the reference to "Magistrate " in that ;section included also a reference to a " Special Court" constituted under section 12 A.

    12 AB. Appeal and revision .The High Court may exercise, so far as may be applicable, all the powers conferred by Chapters XXIX and XXX of the Code on a High Court, as if a Special Court within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the High Court were a Court of Sessions trying cases within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the High Court.

    12AC. Application of Code to proceedings before a Special Court. Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of the code (including the provisions as to bail and bonds) shall applied to the proceedings before a Special Court and for the purposes of the said provisions, the Special Court shall be deemed to be a Court of Sessions and the person conducting a prosecution before a Special Court, shall be deemed to be a public prosecutor .
    12.B. Grant of injuction, etc., by civil courts. No civil court shall grant an injuction or make any order for any other relief against the Central Government or any State Government or Public Officer in respect of any act done or purporting to be done by such Government, or such officer in his official capacity under this Act or any order made thereunder, until after notice of the application for such injunction or other relief has been given to such Government or Officer.

    13. Presumption as to order—Where an order purports to have been made and signed by an authority in exercise of any power conferred by or under this Act, a Court shall presume that such order was so made by that authority within the meaning of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872).
    14. Burden of proof in certain cases—Where a person is prosecuted for contravening any order made under section 3 which prohibits him from doing any act or being in possession of a thing without lawful authority or without a permit, licence or other document, the burden of proving that he has such authority, permit, licence or other document shall be on him.
    15. Protection of action taken under Act—
    (1) No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of any order made under section 3.
    (2) No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Government for any damage caused or likely to be caused by anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of any order made under section 3.
    15A. Prosecution of public servants—where any person who is a public servant is accused of any offence alleged to have been committed by him while acting or purporting to act in the discharge of his duty in pursuance of an order made under section 3, no court shall take cognizance of such offence except with the previous sanction—


    (a) of the Central Government, in the case of a person who is employed or, as the case may be, was at the time of commission of the alleged offence employed, in connection with the affairs of the Union; 
    (b) of the State Government, in the case of a person who is employed or, as the case may be, was at the time of commission of the alleged offence employed, in connection with the affairs of the State.
    16. Repeals and savings--
    (1) The following laws are hereby repealed—
    (a)the Essential Commodities Ordinance, 1955 (1 of 1955); 
    (b)any other law in force in any State immediately before the commencement of this Act in so far as such law controls or authorizes the control of the production, supply and distribution of, and trade and commerce in, any essential commodity.
    (2). Notwithstanding such repeal, any order made or deemed to be made by any authority whatsoever, under any law repealed hereby and in force immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, in so far as such order may be made under this Act, be deemed to be made under this Act and continue in force, and accordingly any appointment made, licence or permit granted or direction issued under any such order and in force immediately before such commencement shall continue in force until and unless it is superseded by any appointment made, licence or permit granted or direction issued under this. Act.
    (3) The provisions of sub-section (2) shall be without prejudice to the provision contained in section 6 of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10 of 1897), which shall also apply to the repeal of the Ordinance or other law referred to in sub-section (1) as if such Ordinance or other law had been an enactment.


    N.B:- * The Essential Commodities (Special Provisional) Act, 1981 () which came into force w.e.f. 1.9.1982 is effective for a period f five years. Since extended for another five years w.e.f. 1.9.87 by the Essential Commodities (Special provisions) Continuance Act, 1987. It is not applicable to the Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Mizoram.

    ** The Essental Commodities (Amendment ) Act, 1984 came into force w.e.f. 1.7.1984.

    ****************







    ECA Amendment

    Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs
    (Legislative Department)
    New Delhi, 27th August 1992/Bhadra 5,1914(Saka)
    The Essential Commodities (Special provisions)
    Amendment ordinance.1992
    No-12 of 1992


    Promulgated by the president in the forty-third year of the Republic of India.

    An ordinance further to amend the Essential commodities (Special-provisions) Act 1982 and to make Special provisions by way of amendment to the Essential commodities Act 1955.

    Whereas parliament is not in session and the president is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessar6y for him to take immediate action: Now, therefore in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of article 123 of the constitution the President is pleased to promulgated dthe following ordinance:- 

    1. (1) This ordinance may be called the Essential Commodities (Special Provisions) Amendment Ordinance, 1992.
    (2)It shall come into force at once.
    2. In paragraph 2 of the preamble to the Essential Commodities (Special provision) Act, 1981 (herein after referred to as the principal Act), for the words “ten years’, the words “fifteen years” shall be substituted.
    3. In section 1 of the principal Act, in sub-section (3) for the words ”ten years”, the words “ Fifteen years” shall be substituted.
    4. After section 9 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted namely:-

    9A. In the Essential Commodities Act, 1955, after section 10A, the following section shall be inserted namely:

    “10AA. Notwithstanding anything contained in the code of criminal procedure, 1973, no Officer below the rank of an officer in charge of a police station or any police officer authorised by ;him in this behalf in writing shall arrest any person accused or committing an offence punishable under this Act”.

M.P. Krishi
 
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