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मुद्रा 2015-16


Seed Act


Seed Act is the act no 54 of year 1966 and promulgated on 29th December 1966. Its an act to provide for regulating the quality of certain seeds for sale, and for matters connected therewith. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Seventeenth Year of the Republic of India as follows: - 

  1. This Act may be called the Seeds Act, 1966.
  2. It extends to the whole of India.
  3. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may , by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint , and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act, and for different States or for different areas thereof. 
  4. Definition

    "SEED" means any of the following classes of seeds used for sowing or planting


    Seeds of food crops including edible oil seeds and seeds of fruits and vegetables

    Cotton seeds

    Seeds of cattle fodder

    Jute seeds. (The Seeds (Amendment) Act, 1972, dated 9th September, 1972.)

    and include seedlings, and tubers , bulbs rhizomes, roots, cutting , all types of grafts and other vegetative propagated material of food crops or cattle fodder.
  5. Central Seed Committee

    The Central Government shall, as soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, constitute a Committee called the Central Seed Committee to advise the Central Government and the State Governments on matters arising out of the administration of this Act and to carry out the other functions assigned to it by or under this Act.
  6. Central Seed Laboratory and State Seed Laboratory


    The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish a Central Seed Laboratory or declare any seed laboratory as the Central Seed Laboratory to carry out the functions entrusted to the Central Seed Laboratory by or under this Act.

    The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish one or more State Seed Laboratories or declare any seed laboratory as a State Seed Laboratory where analysis of seeds of any notified kind or variety shall be carried out by Seed Analysts under this Act in the prescribed manner.
  7. Power to notify kinds or varieties of seeds

    If the Central Government, after consultation with the Committee, is of opinion that it is necessary or expedient to regulate the quality of seed of any kind or variety to be sold for purposes of agriculture, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare such kind or variety to be a notified kind or variety for the purposes of this Act and different kinds or varieties may be notified for different States or for different areas there off.
  8. Regulation of sale of seeds of notified kinds or varieties

    No person shall, himself or by any other person on his behalf, carry on the business of selling, keeping for sale, offering to sell, bartering or otherwise supplying any seed of any notified kind or variety, unless -


    Such seed is identifiable as to its kind or variety

    Such seed conforms to the minimum limits of germination and purity specified under clause (a) of section 6

    The container of such seed bears in the prescribed manner, the mark or label containing the correct particulars thereof, specified under clause (b) of section 6; and 

    The complies with such other requirements as may be prescribed
  9. Certification Agency

    The Central Seed Certification Board (8A to 8E is as per The Seeds (Amendment) Act, 1972, dated 9th September, 1972.) 

    "8A. (1) The Central Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish a Central Seed Certification Board (hereinafter referred to as the Board) to advise the Central Government and the State Government on all matters relating to certification and to co-ordinate the functioning of the agencies established under section 8.
  10. Grant of certificate by certification agency


    Every Application filled for the certificate by certification agency shall be made in prescribed form, shall contain prescribed particulars and shall be accompanied by required fees as may be prescribed.

    On receipt of any such application for the grant of a certificate, the certification agency may, after such enquiry as it thinks fit and after satisfying itself that the seed to which the application relates conforms to the prescribed standard ( The Seeds (Amendment) Act, 1972, dated 9th September, 1972.) grant a certificate in such form and on such conditions as may be prescribed
  11. Seed Analysts

    The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint seed Analysts as it thinks fit, having the prescribed qualifications, to be Seed Analysts and define the areas within which they shall exercise jurisdiction.
  12. Seed Inspectors


    The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit, having the prescribed qualifications, to be Seed Inspectors and define the areas within which they shall exercise jurisdiction

    Every Seed Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant and shall be official subordinate to such authority as the State Government may specify in this behalf.
  13. Powers of Seed Inspector


    Take samples of any seed of any notified kind or variety from 

    Send such sample for analysis to the Seed Analyst for the area within which such sample has been taken

    Enter and search at all reasonable times, with such assistance, if any, as he considers necessary, any place in which he has reason to believe that an offense under this act has been or is being committed and order in writing the person in possession of any seed in respect of which the offense has been or is being committed, not to dispose of any stock of such seed for a specific period not exceeding thirty days or, unless the alleged offense is such that the defect may be removed by the possessor of the seed, seize the stock of such seed.

    Examine any record, register, document or any other material object found in any place mentioned in clause (c ) and seize the same if he has reason to believe that it may furnish evidence of the commission of an offense punishable under this Act
  14. Penalty

    If any person -

    i. Contravenes any provision of this Act or any rule made there under ; or 

    ii. Prevents a Seed Inspector from taking sample under this Act; or 

    iii. Prevents a Seed Inspector from exercising any other power conferred on him by or under this Act; he shall, on conviction, be punishable - for the first offense with fine which may extent to five hundred rupees, and in the event

M.P. Krishi
 
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